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The causative/applicative syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): semantic split or phonemic merger?

Koen Bostoen UGent and Léon Mundeke (2011) JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS. 32(2). p.179-218
abstract
In Mbuun (B87), a Bantu language spoken in the Bandundu Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the valency-increasing functions of the causative and the applicative have, to a certain extent, the same formal expression. They are encoded morphologically by a derivational suffix which has an uncharacteristic morphophonological realization. It triggers the gemination of the root-final consonant. In this paper, we examine whether this causative/applicative isomorphism is the result of a semantic split or rather the outcome of a phonemic merger. In the first case, the semantic extension must have happened from applicative to causative rather than the cross-linguistically more common evolution from causative to applicative, since the consonant gemination associated with these forms has its origin in the Proto-Bantu applicative suffix *-Id-. In the case of a phonemic merger, however, this applicative suffix would have become homophonous with an originally distinct suffix having a causative effect as the result of convergent morphophonological change. This morpheme cannot be the Proto-Bantu causative suffix *-ici-, which still has a residual causative use in Mbuun.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
Bantu, applicative, phonemic merger, syncretism, Mbuun, Mbunda, causative
journal title
JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS
J. Afr. Lang. Linguist.
volume
32
issue
2
pages
179 - 218
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000297409100001
JCR category
LINGUISTICS
JCR impact factor
0.071 (2011)
JCR rank
145/158 (2011)
JCR quartile
4 (2011)
ISSN
0167-6164
DOI
10.1515/JALL.2011.007
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1947530
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1947530
date created
2011-11-23 07:14:36
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:45:31
@article{1947530,
  abstract     = {In Mbuun (B87), a Bantu language spoken in the Bandundu Province of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the valency-increasing functions of the causative and the applicative have, to a certain extent, the same formal expression. They are encoded morphologically by a derivational suffix which has an uncharacteristic morphophonological realization. It triggers the gemination of the root-final consonant. In this paper, we examine whether this causative/applicative isomorphism is the result of a semantic split or rather the outcome of a phonemic merger. In the first case, the semantic extension must have happened from applicative to causative rather than the cross-linguistically more common evolution from causative to applicative, since the consonant gemination associated with these forms has its origin in the Proto-Bantu applicative suffix *-Id-. In the case of a phonemic merger, however, this applicative suffix would have become homophonous with an originally distinct suffix having a causative effect as the result of convergent morphophonological change. This morpheme cannot be the Proto-Bantu causative suffix *-ici-, which still has a residual causative use in Mbuun.},
  author       = {Bostoen, Koen and Mundeke, L{\'e}on},
  issn         = {0167-6164},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS},
  keyword      = {Bantu,applicative,phonemic merger,syncretism,Mbuun,Mbunda,causative},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {179--218},
  title        = {The causative/applicative syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): semantic split or phonemic merger?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/JALL.2011.007},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Bostoen, Koen, and Léon Mundeke. 2011. “The Causative/applicative Syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): Semantic Split or Phonemic Merger?” Journal of African Languages and Linguistics 32 (2): 179–218.
APA
Bostoen, K., & Mundeke, L. (2011). The causative/applicative syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): semantic split or phonemic merger? JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS, 32(2), 179–218.
Vancouver
1.
Bostoen K, Mundeke L. The causative/applicative syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): semantic split or phonemic merger? JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS. 2011;32(2):179–218.
MLA
Bostoen, Koen, and Léon Mundeke. “The Causative/applicative Syncretism in Mbuun (Bantu B87, DRC): Semantic Split or Phonemic Merger?” JOURNAL OF AFRICAN LANGUAGES AND LINGUISTICS 32.2 (2011): 179–218. Print.