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Displacement in post-war Southern Sudan: survival and accumulation within urban perimeters

Anne Walraet (UGent)
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MICROCON: A Micro Level Analysis of Violent Conflict
Abstract
This paper is about Southern Sudanese IDPs and refugees who, after the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, chose not to return to their areas of origin, but instead to resettle elsewhere. Rather than exploring the push and pull factors of this decision, this paper documents the ways in which they have organised their lives in their places of post-war resettlement. More particularly, it explores their selfemployment strategies in an institutional context characterised by weak state regulation and high reliance on self-governance institutions, especially social networks. One observation in particular intrigued us: the fact that some displaced were more successful than others in making a living in their places of resettlement. Consequently, uncovering why some individuals and groups were wealthier than others inspired and structured the research. In order to understand the difference between “networks of survival” and “networks of accumulation” – a twin phrase we borrowed from Meagher (2006) – it was imperative to comprehend the economy as a political terrain and to explore the structural position of groups. To this end it was necessary to complement a social capital perspective with a political economy approach.
Keywords
internally displaced persons, IDPs, refugees, social networks, conflict, post-war

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Walraet, Anne. 2011. “Displacement in Post-war Southern Sudan: Survival and Accumulation Within Urban Perimeters.” Microcon Research Working Paper.
APA
Walraet, A. (2011). Displacement in post-war Southern Sudan: survival and accumulation within urban perimeters. Microcon Research Working Paper.
Vancouver
1.
Walraet A. Displacement in post-war Southern Sudan: survival and accumulation within urban perimeters. Microcon Research Working Paper. 2011. p. 1–33.
MLA
Walraet, Anne. “Displacement in Post-war Southern Sudan: Survival and Accumulation Within Urban Perimeters.” Microcon Research Working Paper 2011 : 1–33. Print.
@misc{1946429,
  abstract     = {This paper is about Southern Sudanese IDPs and refugees who, after the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement, chose not to return to their areas of origin, but instead to resettle elsewhere. Rather than exploring the push and pull factors of this decision, this paper documents the ways in which they have organised their lives in their places of post-war resettlement. More particularly, it explores their selfemployment strategies in an institutional context characterised by weak state regulation and high reliance on self-governance institutions, especially social networks. One observation in particular intrigued us: the fact that some displaced were more successful than others in making a living in their places of resettlement. Consequently, uncovering why some individuals and groups were wealthier than others inspired and structured the research. In order to understand the difference between {\textquotedblleft}networks of survival{\textquotedblright} and {\textquotedblleft}networks of accumulation{\textquotedblright} -- a twin phrase we borrowed from Meagher (2006) -- it was imperative to comprehend the economy as a political terrain and to explore the structural position of groups. To this end it was necessary to complement a social capital perspective with a political economy approach.},
  author       = {Walraet, Anne},
  isbn         = {9781781180273},
  keyword      = {internally displaced persons,IDPs,refugees,social networks,conflict,post-war},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {57},
  pages        = {1--33},
  series       = {Microcon Research Working Paper},
  title        = {Displacement in post-war Southern Sudan: survival and accumulation within urban perimeters},
  url          = {http://www.microconflict.eu/publications/RWP57\_AW.pdf},
  year         = {2011},
}