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Nasal resonance in middle-aged women: a multiparameter approach

Evelien D'haeseleer UGent, Herman Depypere UGent, Sofie Claeys UGent and Kristiane Van Lierde UGent (2011) ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY. 120(9). p.575-580
abstract
Objectives: Aging influences several speech characteristics in middle-aged women. However, the effect of aging on nasal resonance has not been widely investigated, and findings are contradictory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aging on nasal resonance by comparing young women (between 20 and 28 years of age) with middle-aged women (between 45 and 55 years of age). Methods: Thirty-one middle-aged women with a mean age of 48 years participated in the subject group. The control group consisted of 22 young women with a mean age of 23 years. To investigate nasal resonance, we used a multiparameter approach by means of the Nasal Severity Index (NSI). Objective acoustic (nasal resonance scores of sounds and connected speech measured with the Nasometer) and aerodynamic measurements (maximum duration time of /s/, vital capacity, and mirror fogging test), as well as perceptual evaluations (Gutzmann /a/-/i/ test), were performed. Results: The results of this study showed no differences in aerodynamic measurements and nasal resonance scores of connected speech and the sounds /i/, /u/, and /m/. Only the mean nasal resonance score of /a/ and the Gutzmann /a/ test were significantly different between the young and middle-aged women. The mean (+/- SD) NSI scores of the young women (12.93 +/- 17.9) and the middle-aged women (-1.49 +/- 14.4) both corresponded to normal nasal resonance. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that both young and middle-aged women show a normal nasal resonance. Differences in objective and subjective measurements of nasal resonance were only found in isolated vowels, and not in connected speech.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
PATTERNS, SPEECH PRODUCTION, middle-aged woman, nasalance. Nasality Severity Index, aging
journal title
ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY
Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Laryngol.
volume
120
issue
9
pages
575 - 580
conference name
39th Annual symposium on Care of the Professional Voice
conference location
Philadelphia, PA, USA
conference start
2010-06-01
conference end
2010-06-05
Web of Science type
Article; Proceedings Paper
Web of Science id
000295199700004
JCR category
OTORHINOLARYNGOLOGY
JCR impact factor
1.048 (2011)
JCR rank
24/41 (2011)
JCR quartile
3 (2011)
ISSN
0003-4894
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1945729
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1945729
alternative location
http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=378d9718-f4e1-41fa-a488-4fec6f8c8532%40sessionmgr113&vid=2&hid=108
date created
2011-11-21 15:12:59
date last changed
2011-11-22 11:30:45
@article{1945729,
  abstract     = {Objectives: Aging influences several speech characteristics in middle-aged women. However, the effect of aging on nasal resonance has not been widely investigated, and findings are contradictory. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aging on nasal resonance by comparing young women (between 20 and 28 years of age) with middle-aged women (between 45 and 55 years of age). 
Methods: Thirty-one middle-aged women with a mean age of 48 years participated in the subject group. The control group consisted of 22 young women with a mean age of 23 years. To investigate nasal resonance, we used a multiparameter approach by means of the Nasal Severity Index (NSI). Objective acoustic (nasal resonance scores of sounds and connected speech measured with the Nasometer) and aerodynamic measurements (maximum duration time of /s/, vital capacity, and mirror fogging test), as well as perceptual evaluations (Gutzmann /a/-/i/ test), were performed. 
Results: The results of this study showed no differences in aerodynamic measurements and nasal resonance scores of connected speech and the sounds /i/, /u/, and /m/. Only the mean nasal resonance score of /a/ and the Gutzmann /a/ test were significantly different between the young and middle-aged women. The mean (+/- SD) NSI scores of the young women (12.93 +/- 17.9) and the middle-aged women (-1.49 +/- 14.4) both corresponded to normal nasal resonance. 
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that both young and middle-aged women show a normal nasal resonance. Differences in objective and subjective measurements of nasal resonance were only found in isolated vowels, and not in connected speech.},
  author       = {D'haeseleer, Evelien and Depypere, Herman and Claeys, Sofie and Van Lierde, Kristiane},
  issn         = {0003-4894},
  journal      = {ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY},
  keyword      = {PATTERNS,SPEECH PRODUCTION,middle-aged woman,nasalance. Nasality Severity Index,aging},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Philadelphia, PA, USA},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {575--580},
  title        = {Nasal resonance in middle-aged women: a multiparameter approach},
  url          = {http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=378d9718-f4e1-41fa-a488-4fec6f8c8532\%40sessionmgr113\&vid=2\&hid=108},
  volume       = {120},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
D’haeseleer, Evelien, Herman Depypere, Sofie Claeys, and Kristiane Van Lierde. 2011. “Nasal Resonance in Middle-aged Women: a Multiparameter Approach.” Annals of Otology Rhinology and Laryngology 120 (9): 575–580.
APA
D’haeseleer, E., Depypere, H., Claeys, S., & Van Lierde, K. (2011). Nasal resonance in middle-aged women: a multiparameter approach. ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY, 120(9), 575–580. Presented at the 39th Annual symposium on Care of the Professional Voice.
Vancouver
1.
D’haeseleer E, Depypere H, Claeys S, Van Lierde K. Nasal resonance in middle-aged women: a multiparameter approach. ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY. 2011;120(9):575–80.
MLA
D’haeseleer, Evelien, Herman Depypere, Sofie Claeys, et al. “Nasal Resonance in Middle-aged Women: a Multiparameter Approach.” ANNALS OF OTOLOGY RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY 120.9 (2011): 575–580. Print.