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Characterization of the network structure of dextran glycidyl methacrylate hydrogels by studying the rheological and swelling behavior

(1995) MACROMOLECULES. 28(14). p.5082-5088
Author
Organization
Abstract
This paper reports the results and the structural interpretation of theological, swelling, and analytical sol fraction (w(s)) measurements performed on dextran glycidyl methacrylate (dex-gma) hydrogels as a function of the dex-gma concentration (c) and the degree of gma substitution (DS). Besides the analytical determination, the sol fi action was also calculated from the elasticity of the hydrogels using a theoretical model. This model takes into account the presence of sol chains and dangling ends, the polydispersity of the dex-gma chains, the functionality of the junctions, and the nonaffinelike behavior of the dex-gma network. It assumes the absence of intramolecular cross-links and of physical entanglements. Fundamental in the discussion is the reason why the w(s) values determined analytically are systematically lower than the w(s) values calculated using this theoretical model. Besides possible influences from the unknown functionality of the junctions and from a nonaffinelike deformation behavior of the network, the presence of intramolecular cross-links (especially for hydrogels with a low dex-gma concentration and a high DS) may contribute to the observed differences between the measured and the calculated sol fraction. Structural information is also revealed from the influence of the DS on the elasticity if plotted against the network concentration (i.e., (1 - w(s))c) of the hydrogels. Clearly, a DS increase increases quantitatively the network fraction. However, for high DS values, a DS increase does not increase the number of intermolecular cross-links per unit of mass present in the network fraction. Also the abundant presence of intramolecular cross-links, especially for dex-gma hydrogels with a high DS, may contribute to this phenomenom. Contrary to the elastic properties, considering hydrogels with the same network concentration, the DS does have a definite influence on the swelling properties of the network fraction of the gels. This was attributed to the dependence of the polymer-solvent interaction parameter on the DS.
Keywords
POLYFUNCTIONAL CROSS-LINKING, EQUILIBRIUM SHEAR MODULUS, POLYMER, INDEX

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Chicago
De Smedt, SC, Albert Lauwers, Jo Demeester, MJ Van Steenbergen, WE Hennink, and SPFM Roefs. 1995. “Characterization of the Network Structure of Dextran Glycidyl Methacrylate Hydrogels by Studying the Rheological and Swelling Behavior.” Macromolecules 28 (14): 5082–5088.
APA
De Smedt, SC, Lauwers, A., Demeester, J., Van Steenbergen, M., Hennink, W., & Roefs, S. (1995). Characterization of the network structure of dextran glycidyl methacrylate hydrogels by studying the rheological and swelling behavior. MACROMOLECULES, 28(14), 5082–5088.
Vancouver
1.
De Smedt S, Lauwers A, Demeester J, Van Steenbergen M, Hennink W, Roefs S. Characterization of the network structure of dextran glycidyl methacrylate hydrogels by studying the rheological and swelling behavior. MACROMOLECULES. 1995;28(14):5082–8.
MLA
De Smedt, SC, Albert Lauwers, Jo Demeester, et al. “Characterization of the Network Structure of Dextran Glycidyl Methacrylate Hydrogels by Studying the Rheological and Swelling Behavior.” MACROMOLECULES 28.14 (1995): 5082–5088. Print.
@article{194494,
  abstract     = {This paper reports the results and the structural interpretation of theological, swelling, and analytical sol fraction (w(s)) measurements performed on dextran glycidyl methacrylate (dex-gma) hydrogels as a function of the dex-gma concentration (c) and the degree of gma substitution (DS). Besides the analytical determination, the sol fi action was also calculated from the elasticity of the hydrogels using a theoretical model. This model takes into account the presence of sol chains and dangling ends, the polydispersity of the dex-gma chains, the functionality of the junctions, and the nonaffinelike behavior of the dex-gma network. It assumes the absence of intramolecular cross-links and of physical entanglements. Fundamental in the discussion is the reason why the w(s) values determined analytically are systematically lower than the w(s) values calculated using this theoretical model. Besides possible influences from the unknown functionality of the junctions and from a nonaffinelike deformation behavior of the network, the presence of intramolecular cross-links (especially for hydrogels with a low dex-gma concentration and a high DS) may contribute to the observed differences between the measured and the calculated sol fraction. Structural information is also revealed from the influence of the DS on the elasticity if plotted against the network concentration (i.e., (1 - w(s))c) of the hydrogels. Clearly, a DS increase increases quantitatively the network fraction. However, for high DS values, a DS increase does not increase the number of intermolecular cross-links per unit of mass present in the network fraction. Also the abundant presence of intramolecular cross-links, especially for dex-gma hydrogels with a high DS, may contribute to this phenomenom. Contrary to the elastic properties, considering hydrogels with the same network concentration, the DS does have a definite influence on the swelling properties of the network fraction of the gels. This was attributed to the dependence of the polymer-solvent interaction parameter on the DS.},
  author       = {De Smedt, SC and Lauwers, Albert and Demeester, Jo and Van Steenbergen, MJ and Hennink, WE and Roefs, SPFM},
  issn         = {0024-9297},
  journal      = {MACROMOLECULES},
  keyword      = {POLYFUNCTIONAL CROSS-LINKING,EQUILIBRIUM SHEAR MODULUS,POLYMER,INDEX},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {5082--5088},
  title        = {Characterization of the network structure of dextran glycidyl methacrylate hydrogels by studying the rheological and swelling behavior},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma00118a042},
  volume       = {28},
  year         = {1995},
}

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