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Penitential discourse and conflict management in the late-eleventh- and early-twelfth-century southern low countries

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Abstract
This paper looks at evidence from ecclesiastical institutions situated in the Southern Low Countries to argue that, during the final decades of the eleventh century, ecclesiastical discourse in conflicts with their enemies of the middle and lower groups of the secular elite shifted from a "culpabilizing" to a "penitential" one. While the effects of this shift are difficult to assess, the authors argue that there are indications that it may have been helpful in at least two respects. On the one hand, it allowed religious institutions to create new amicitiae with individuals and communities who had previously been refused such privileged relations. On the other, the instrumentalization of a penitential discourse in contemporary politics provided opportunities for lay people to demonstrate their ability to participate in the peaceful management of society. This in turn allowed the established ecclesiastical and lay elites to adapt themselves to the rapidly changing political, social, and economic realities of their time.
Keywords
MONKS, rituals, EARLY 12TH-CENTURY FLANDERS, Conflict management, public behaviour, penitence, Peace of God, ecclesiastical reform, amicitiae, social mobility, Southern Low Countries

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Citation

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Chicago
Vanderputten, Steven, and Arnoud-Jan Bijsterveld. 2012. “Penitential Discourse and Conflict Management in the Late-eleventh- and Early-twelfth-century Southern Low Countries.” REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D’HISTOIRE 90 (2): 471–492.
APA
Vanderputten, S., & Bijsterveld, A.-J. (2012). Penitential discourse and conflict management in the late-eleventh- and early-twelfth-century southern low countries. REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D’HISTOIRE, 90(2), 471–492.
Vancouver
1.
Vanderputten S, Bijsterveld A-J. Penitential discourse and conflict management in the late-eleventh- and early-twelfth-century southern low countries. REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D’HISTOIRE. 2012;90(2):471–92.
MLA
Vanderputten, Steven, and Arnoud-Jan Bijsterveld. “Penitential Discourse and Conflict Management in the Late-eleventh- and Early-twelfth-century Southern Low Countries.” REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D’HISTOIRE 90.2 (2012): 471–492. Print.
@article{1944597,
  abstract     = {This paper looks at evidence from ecclesiastical institutions situated in the Southern Low Countries to argue that, during the final decades of the eleventh century, ecclesiastical discourse in conflicts with their enemies of the middle and lower groups of the secular elite shifted from a {\textacutedbl}culpabilizing{\textacutedbl} to a {\textacutedbl}penitential{\textacutedbl} one. While the effects of this shift are difficult to assess, the authors argue that there are indications that it may have been helpful in at least two respects. On the one hand, it allowed religious institutions to create new amicitiae with individuals and communities who had previously been refused such privileged relations. On the other, the instrumentalization of a penitential discourse in contemporary politics provided opportunities for lay people to demonstrate their ability to participate in the peaceful management of society. This in turn allowed the established ecclesiastical and lay elites to adapt themselves to the rapidly changing political, social, and economic realities of their time.},
  author       = {Vanderputten, Steven and Bijsterveld, Arnoud-Jan},
  issn         = {0035-0818},
  journal      = {REVUE BELGE DE PHILOLOGIE ET D'HISTOIRE},
  keyword      = {MONKS,rituals,EARLY 12TH-CENTURY FLANDERS,Conflict management,public behaviour,penitence,Peace of God,ecclesiastical reform,amicitiae,social mobility,Southern Low Countries},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {471--492},
  title        = {Penitential discourse and conflict management in the late-eleventh- and early-twelfth-century southern low countries},
  volume       = {90},
  year         = {2012},
}

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