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Passive to anticausative through impersonalization: the case of vedic and Indo-European

Leonid Kulikov UGent (2011) Impersonal constructions : a cross-linguistic perspective. In Studies in language companion series 124. p.229-254
abstract
Vedic Sanskrit and other Indo-European languages attest a typologically remarkable change of passives to anticausatives. This semantic development is attested, foremost, for passives of several verbs of perception and knowledge (knowledge transfer) such as Ved. drśyáte ‘X is seen’ --> ‘X is visible; appears’, śrūyáte ‘is heard, is known, is famous’ – obviously, according to the scenario ‘Y is seen (known etc.) by smb.’ → ‘Y is seen (known etc.) [by smb.]’ → ‘Y is seen (known etc.) [by generic passive agent]’ → ‘Y is visible (famous, etc.)’. A special variety of this development is instantiated by the passive of a verb of speech, ucyáte ‘Y is pronounced’ --> ‘Y [e.g. speech, musical instrument] sounds’. Besides, passive-to-anticausative transfer is attested for a small subgroup of verbs of caused motion. While in this latter case the rise of anticausative usages may be due to conceptualizing simple transitives as causatives (throw = ‘make fall, make fly’, etc.), in cases of verbs of perception and knowledge we observe the rise of the anticausative usages through the stage which is called ‘impersonalization’ in Siewierska 1984 and explained in terms of ‘objectivization of knowledge’, i.e. knowledge without a knowing subject. In connection with these verbs, I will briefly discuss the relationships between ‘agentless’, ‘impersonalized’ and ‘impersonal’ passives.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
bookChapter
publication status
published
subject
keyword
anticausative, Latin, passive, impersonalization, impersonal passive, verbs of perception, objectivization, voice, Indo-European, Vedic, diathesis
book title
Impersonal constructions : a cross-linguistic perspective
editor
Andrej Malchukov and Anna Siewierska
series title
Studies in language companion series
volume
124
pages
229 - 254
publisher
John Benjamins Publishing Company.
place of publication
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
ISBN
9789027205919
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
B2
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
VABB id
c:vabb:324026
VABB type
VABB-4
id
1944573
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1944573
date created
2011-11-19 20:02:08
date last changed
2017-01-02 09:53:55
@incollection{1944573,
  abstract     = {Vedic Sanskrit and other Indo-European languages attest a typologically remarkable change of passives to anticausatives. This semantic development is attested, foremost, for passives of several verbs of perception and knowledge (knowledge transfer) such as Ved. dr\'{s}y{\'a}te {\textquoteleft}X is seen{\textquoteright} --{\textrangle} {\textquoteleft}X is visible; appears{\textquoteright}, \'{s}r\={u}y{\'a}te {\textquoteleft}is heard, is known, is famous{\textquoteright} -- obviously, according to the scenario {\textquoteleft}Y is seen (known etc.) by smb.{\textquoteright} {\textrightarrow} {\textquoteleft}Y is seen (known etc.) [by smb.]{\textquoteright} {\textrightarrow} {\textquoteleft}Y is seen (known etc.) [by generic passive agent]{\textquoteright} {\textrightarrow} {\textquoteleft}Y is visible (famous, etc.){\textquoteright}. A special variety of this development is instantiated by the passive of a verb of speech, ucy{\'a}te {\textquoteleft}Y is pronounced{\textquoteright} --{\textrangle} {\textquoteleft}Y [e.g. speech, musical instrument] sounds{\textquoteright}. Besides, passive-to-anticausative transfer is attested for a small subgroup of verbs of caused motion. While in this latter case the rise of anticausative usages may be due to conceptualizing simple transitives as causatives (throw = {\textquoteleft}make fall, make fly{\textquoteright}, etc.), in cases of verbs of perception and knowledge we observe the rise of the anticausative usages through the stage which is called {\textquoteleft}impersonalization{\textquoteright} in Siewierska 1984 and explained in terms of {\textquoteleft}objectivization of knowledge{\textquoteright}, i.e. knowledge without a knowing subject. In connection with these verbs, I will briefly discuss the relationships between {\textquoteleft}agentless{\textquoteright}, {\textquoteleft}impersonalized{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}impersonal{\textquoteright} passives.},
  author       = {Kulikov, Leonid},
  booktitle    = {Impersonal constructions : a cross-linguistic perspective},
  editor       = {Malchukov, Andrej and Siewierska, Anna},
  isbn         = {9789027205919},
  keyword      = {anticausative,Latin,passive,impersonalization,impersonal passive,verbs of perception,objectivization,voice,Indo-European,Vedic,diathesis},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {229--254},
  publisher    = {John Benjamins Publishing Company.},
  series       = {Studies in language companion series},
  title        = {Passive to anticausative through impersonalization: the case of vedic and Indo-European},
  volume       = {124},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Kulikov, Leonid. 2011. “Passive to Anticausative Through Impersonalization: The Case of Vedic and Indo-European.” In Impersonal Constructions : a Cross-linguistic Perspective, ed. Andrej Malchukov and Anna Siewierska, 124:229–254. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
APA
Kulikov, L. (2011). Passive to anticausative through impersonalization: the case of vedic and Indo-European. In A. Malchukov & A. Siewierska (Eds.), Impersonal constructions : a cross-linguistic perspective (Vol. 124, pp. 229–254). Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Vancouver
1.
Kulikov L. Passive to anticausative through impersonalization: the case of vedic and Indo-European. In: Malchukov A, Siewierska A, editors. Impersonal constructions : a cross-linguistic perspective. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company.; 2011. p. 229–54.
MLA
Kulikov, Leonid. “Passive to Anticausative Through Impersonalization: The Case of Vedic and Indo-European.” Impersonal Constructions : a Cross-linguistic Perspective. Ed. Andrej Malchukov & Anna Siewierska. Vol. 124. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: John Benjamins Publishing Company., 2011. 229–254. Print.