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Drifting between passive and anticausative: true and alleged accent shifts in the history of Vedic -ya-presents

Leonid Kulikov (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
This paper focuses on the system of the Vedic present formations with the suffix ya- and middle inflexion, paying special attention to the attested accent patterns. On the basis of a study of the paradigmatic and syntactic features of this verbal formation we can conclude that the traditional analysis of some members of this class in terms of the passive/nonpassive (anticausative) opposition is inadequate. I will offer a short overview of the history of this class, oncentrating, in particular, on several accent shifts which account for a number of exceptions to the general correlation between the semantics and accent placement (passives: accent on the suffix vs. non-passives: accent on the root). Some of these shifts can be dated to the prehistoric (Common Indo-Aryan?) period (cf. suffix accentuation in such non-passives as mriyáte ‘dies’), while some others must be features of certain Vedic dialects, dating to the period after the split of Common Indo-Aryan.
Keywords
Rgveda, Vedic, Atharvaveda, accentuation, anticausative, passive, Indo-European, Yajurveda, Sanskrit, accent shift, middle voice

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Citation

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Chicago
Kulikov, Leonid. 2011. “Drifting Between Passive and Anticausative: True and Alleged Accent Shifts in the History of Vedic -ya-presents.” VESTNIK RGGU = Вопросы Языкового Родства = JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP = VOPROSY JAZYKOVOGO RODSTVA 6: 185–198.
APA
Kulikov, L. (2011). Drifting between passive and anticausative: true and alleged accent shifts in the history of Vedic -ya-presents. VESTNIK RGGU = Вопросы языкового родства = JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP = VOPROSY JAZYKOVOGO RODSTVA, 6, 185–198.
Vancouver
1.
Kulikov L. Drifting between passive and anticausative: true and alleged accent shifts in the history of Vedic -ya-presents. VESTNIK RGGU = Вопросы языкового родства = JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP = VOPROSY JAZYKOVOGO RODSTVA. 2011;6:185–98.
MLA
Kulikov, Leonid. “Drifting Between Passive and Anticausative: True and Alleged Accent Shifts in the History of Vedic -ya-presents.” VESTNIK RGGU = Вопросы языкового родства = JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP = VOPROSY JAZYKOVOGO RODSTVA 6 (2011): 185–198. Print.
@article{1944543,
  abstract     = {This paper focuses on the system of the Vedic present formations with the suffix ya- and middle inflexion, paying special attention to the attested accent patterns. On the basis of a study of the paradigmatic and syntactic features of this verbal formation we can conclude that the traditional analysis of some members of this class in terms of the passive/nonpassive (anticausative) opposition is inadequate. I will offer a short overview of the history of this class, oncentrating, in particular, on several accent shifts which account for a number of exceptions to the general correlation between the semantics and accent placement (passives: accent on the suffix vs. non-passives: accent on the root). Some of these shifts can be dated to the prehistoric (Common Indo-Aryan?) period (cf. suffix accentuation in such non-passives as mriy{\'a}te {\textquoteleft}dies{\textquoteright}), while some others must be features of certain Vedic dialects, dating to the period after the split of Common Indo-Aryan.},
  author       = {Kulikov, Leonid},
  issn         = {1998-6769},
  journal      = {VESTNIK RGGU = \unmatched{0412}\unmatched{043e}\unmatched{043f}\unmatched{0440}\unmatched{043e}\unmatched{0441}\unmatched{044b} \unmatched{044f}\unmatched{0437}\unmatched{044b}\unmatched{043a}\unmatched{043e}\unmatched{0432}\unmatched{043e}\unmatched{0433}\unmatched{043e} \unmatched{0440}\unmatched{043e}\unmatched{0434}\unmatched{0441}\unmatched{0442}\unmatched{0432}\unmatched{0430} = JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE RELATIONSHIP = VOPROSY JAZYKOVOGO RODSTVA},
  keyword      = {Rgveda,Vedic,Atharvaveda,accentuation,anticausative,passive,Indo-European,Yajurveda,Sanskrit,accent shift,middle voice},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {185--198},
  title        = {Drifting between passive and anticausative: true and alleged accent shifts in the history of Vedic -ya-presents},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2011},
}