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Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants

Bonnie Valgaeren, Peter De Schutter UGent, Bart Pardon UGent, Venessa Eeckhaut UGent, Filip Boyen UGent, Filip Van Immerseel UGent and Piet Deprez UGent (2011) VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 80(5). p.351-354
abstract
This paper describes two infections with Clostridium tetani (C. tetani). One outbreak occurred after dehorning of calves, the second infection happened after ear tagging of a goat. In the first case 3 young Holstein Friesian calves showed generalized stiffness, severe lock-jaw and bloat two weeks after dehorning. The thermal dehorning wounds were identified as the infection sites of C. tetani by bacterial culture and PCR. The second case was a three-year old male castrated goat, with generalized stiffness. The animal had been ear tagged one week prior to the onset of the symptoms. C. tetani could be cultured from pus on the ear tag. Treatment was attempted in two calves and the goat. Wounds were debrided and disinfected, penicillin and anti-tetanus serum were administered and polyionic perfusions provided. In addition, the goat was vaccinated against tetanus. The goat and one calf fully recovered after 36 and 8 days respectively. To the authors' knowledge a tetanus outbreak in association with thermal dehorning has not been described previously. Also ear tagging as a possible cause for C. tetani infection has not been described in goats.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
alternative title
Thermische onthoorning en oormerken als atypische intredeplaatsen van Clostridium tetani bij herkauwers
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
OUTBREAK, DRUG-USERS, DIAGNOSIS, BRAZIL
journal title
VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT
Vlaams Diergeneesk. Tijdschr.
volume
80
issue
5
pages
351 - 354
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000296596100005
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
0.326 (2011)
JCR rank
106/141 (2011)
JCR quartile
4 (2011)
ISSN
0303-9021
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1943208
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1943208
alternative location
http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=679
date created
2011-11-17 11:51:33
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:42:00
@article{1943208,
  abstract     = {This paper describes two infections with Clostridium tetani (C. tetani). One outbreak occurred after dehorning of calves, the second infection happened after ear tagging of a goat. In the first case 3 young Holstein Friesian calves showed generalized stiffness, severe lock-jaw and bloat two weeks after dehorning. The thermal dehorning wounds were identified as the infection sites of C. tetani by bacterial culture and PCR. The second case was a three-year old male castrated goat, with generalized stiffness. The animal had been ear tagged one week prior to the onset of the symptoms. C. tetani could be cultured from pus on the ear tag. Treatment was attempted in two calves and the goat. Wounds were debrided and disinfected, penicillin and anti-tetanus serum were administered and polyionic perfusions provided. In addition, the goat was vaccinated against tetanus. The goat and one calf fully recovered after 36 and 8 days respectively. To the authors' knowledge a tetanus outbreak in association with thermal dehorning has not been described previously. Also ear tagging as a possible cause for C. tetani infection has not been described in goats.},
  author       = {Valgaeren, Bonnie and De Schutter, Peter and Pardon, Bart and Eeckhaut, Venessa and Boyen, Filip and Van Immerseel, Filip and Deprez, Piet},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keyword      = {OUTBREAK,DRUG-USERS,DIAGNOSIS,BRAZIL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {351--354},
  title        = {Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=679},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Valgaeren, Bonnie, Peter De Schutter, Bart Pardon, Venessa Eeckhaut, Filip Boyen, Filip Van Immerseel, and Piet Deprez. 2011. “Thermic Dehorning and Ear Tagging as Atypical Portals of Entry of Clostridium Tetani in Ruminants.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 80 (5): 351–354.
APA
Valgaeren, B., De Schutter, P., Pardon, B., Eeckhaut, V., Boyen, F., Van Immerseel, F., & Deprez, P. (2011). Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 80(5), 351–354.
Vancouver
1.
Valgaeren B, De Schutter P, Pardon B, Eeckhaut V, Boyen F, Van Immerseel F, et al. Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2011;80(5):351–4.
MLA
Valgaeren, Bonnie, Peter De Schutter, Bart Pardon, et al. “Thermic Dehorning and Ear Tagging as Atypical Portals of Entry of Clostridium Tetani in Ruminants.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 80.5 (2011): 351–354. Print.