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Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants

Bonnie Valgaeren (UGent) , Peter De Schutter (UGent) , Bart Pardon (UGent) , Venessa Eeckhaut (UGent) , Filip Boyen (UGent) , Filip Van Immerseel (UGent) and Piet Deprez (UGent)
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Abstract
This paper describes two infections with Clostridium tetani (C. tetani). One outbreak occurred after dehorning of calves, the second infection happened after ear tagging of a goat. In the first case 3 young Holstein Friesian calves showed generalized stiffness, severe lock-jaw and bloat two weeks after dehorning. The thermal dehorning wounds were identified as the infection sites of C. tetani by bacterial culture and PCR. The second case was a three-year old male castrated goat, with generalized stiffness. The animal had been ear tagged one week prior to the onset of the symptoms. C. tetani could be cultured from pus on the ear tag. Treatment was attempted in two calves and the goat. Wounds were debrided and disinfected, penicillin and anti-tetanus serum were administered and polyionic perfusions provided. In addition, the goat was vaccinated against tetanus. The goat and one calf fully recovered after 36 and 8 days respectively. To the authors' knowledge a tetanus outbreak in association with thermal dehorning has not been described previously. Also ear tagging as a possible cause for C. tetani infection has not been described in goats.
Keywords
OUTBREAK, DRUG-USERS, DIAGNOSIS, BRAZIL

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Chicago
Valgaeren, Bonnie, Peter De Schutter, Bart Pardon, Venessa Eeckhaut, Filip Boyen, Filip Van Immerseel, and Piet Deprez. 2011. “Thermic Dehorning and Ear Tagging as Atypical Portals of Entry of Clostridium Tetani in Ruminants.” Vlaams Diergeneeskundig Tijdschrift 80 (5): 351–354.
APA
Valgaeren, B., De Schutter, P., Pardon, B., Eeckhaut, V., Boyen, F., Van Immerseel, F., & Deprez, P. (2011). Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT, 80(5), 351–354.
Vancouver
1.
Valgaeren B, De Schutter P, Pardon B, Eeckhaut V, Boyen F, Van Immerseel F, et al. Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants. VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT. 2011;80(5):351–4.
MLA
Valgaeren, Bonnie, Peter De Schutter, Bart Pardon, et al. “Thermic Dehorning and Ear Tagging as Atypical Portals of Entry of Clostridium Tetani in Ruminants.” VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT 80.5 (2011): 351–354. Print.
@article{1943208,
  abstract     = {This paper describes two infections with Clostridium tetani (C. tetani). One outbreak occurred after dehorning of calves, the second infection happened after ear tagging of a goat. In the first case 3 young Holstein Friesian calves showed generalized stiffness, severe lock-jaw and bloat two weeks after dehorning. The thermal dehorning wounds were identified as the infection sites of C. tetani by bacterial culture and PCR. The second case was a three-year old male castrated goat, with generalized stiffness. The animal had been ear tagged one week prior to the onset of the symptoms. C. tetani could be cultured from pus on the ear tag. Treatment was attempted in two calves and the goat. Wounds were debrided and disinfected, penicillin and anti-tetanus serum were administered and polyionic perfusions provided. In addition, the goat was vaccinated against tetanus. The goat and one calf fully recovered after 36 and 8 days respectively. To the authors' knowledge a tetanus outbreak in association with thermal dehorning has not been described previously. Also ear tagging as a possible cause for C. tetani infection has not been described in goats.},
  author       = {Valgaeren, Bonnie and De Schutter, Peter and Pardon, Bart and Eeckhaut, Venessa and Boyen, Filip and Van Immerseel, Filip and Deprez, Piet},
  issn         = {0303-9021},
  journal      = {VLAAMS DIERGENEESKUNDIG TIJDSCHRIFT},
  keyword      = {OUTBREAK,DRUG-USERS,DIAGNOSIS,BRAZIL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {351--354},
  title        = {Thermic dehorning and ear tagging as atypical portals of entry of Clostridium tetani in ruminants},
  url          = {http://vdt.ugent.be/code/showupload.php?id=679},
  volume       = {80},
  year         = {2011},
}

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