Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in school children in Rwanda and its association with socio-economic status: a population-based survey

Stefan De Smedt UGent, John Nkurikiye, Yannick Fonteyne, Arjan Hogewoning, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Dirk De Bacquer UGent, Stephen Tuft, Clare Gilbert, Joris Delanghe UGent and Philippe Kestelyn UGent (2011) AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. 85(4). p.711-717
abstract
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is an allergic eye disease and an important cause of hospital referral among children in Africa and Asia. Hospital-based studies have suggested a role for parasites in its pathogenesis. To determine the prevalence and risk factors for VKC in Central Africa, we conducted a nested population-based case control study in Rwanda, involving randomly selected primary schools from different environments (rural/urban) and climate. A prevalence of VKC of 4.0% (95% confidence interval 3.3-4.7%) was found among 3,041 children studied (participation rate 94.7%). The intestinal parasitic burden was not related to VKC. Besides hot dry climate (odds ratio [OR] = 1.5, P = 0.05) and male gender (OR = 1.7, P = 0.005), multivariate analysis identified higher economic status as a risk for VKC (OR = 1.4, P = 0.005). The effect on VKC of higher economic status appears not to act through differences in parasitic intestinal load.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
BRONCHIAL-ASTHMA, IGE, NORTHERN NIGERIA, PREVALENCE, PARASITES, URBAN, ATOPY, CONJUNCTIVITIS, INFECTION, ALLERGIC DISEASES
journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE
Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.
volume
85
issue
4
pages
711 - 717
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000295898900025
JCR category
PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
JCR impact factor
2.592 (2011)
JCR rank
39/156 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0002-9637
DOI
10.4269/ajtmh.2011.11-0291
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1941719
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1941719
date created
2011-11-10 14:04:21
date last changed
2011-11-10 15:05:38
@article{1941719,
  abstract     = {Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is an allergic eye disease and an important cause of hospital referral among children in Africa and Asia. Hospital-based studies have suggested a role for parasites in its pathogenesis. To determine the prevalence and risk factors for VKC in Central Africa, we conducted a nested population-based case control study in Rwanda, involving randomly selected primary schools from different environments (rural/urban) and climate. A prevalence of VKC of 4.0\% (95\% confidence interval 3.3-4.7\%) was found among 3,041 children studied (participation rate 94.7\%). The intestinal parasitic burden was not related to VKC. Besides hot dry climate (odds ratio [OR] = 1.5, P = 0.05) and male gender (OR = 1.7, P = 0.005), multivariate analysis identified higher economic status as a risk for VKC (OR = 1.4, P = 0.005). The effect on VKC of higher economic status appears not to act through differences in parasitic intestinal load.},
  author       = {De Smedt, Stefan and Nkurikiye, John and Fonteyne, Yannick and Hogewoning, Arjan and Van Esbroeck, Marjan and De Bacquer, Dirk and Tuft, Stephen and Gilbert, Clare and Delanghe, Joris and Kestelyn, Philippe},
  issn         = {0002-9637},
  journal      = {AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE},
  keyword      = {BRONCHIAL-ASTHMA,IGE,NORTHERN NIGERIA,PREVALENCE,PARASITES,URBAN,ATOPY,CONJUNCTIVITIS,INFECTION,ALLERGIC DISEASES},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {711--717},
  title        = {Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in school children in Rwanda and its association with socio-economic status: a population-based survey},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.2011.11-0291},
  volume       = {85},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
De Smedt, Stefan, John Nkurikiye, Yannick Fonteyne, Arjan Hogewoning, Marjan Van Esbroeck, Dirk De Bacquer, Stephen Tuft, Clare Gilbert, Joris Delanghe, and Philippe Kestelyn. 2011. “Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis in School Children in Rwanda and Its Association with Socio-economic Status: a Population-based Survey.” American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 85 (4): 711–717.
APA
De Smedt, Stefan, Nkurikiye, J., Fonteyne, Y., Hogewoning, A., Van Esbroeck, M., De Bacquer, D., Tuft, S., et al. (2011). Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in school children in Rwanda and its association with socio-economic status: a population-based survey. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE, 85(4), 711–717.
Vancouver
1.
De Smedt S, Nkurikiye J, Fonteyne Y, Hogewoning A, Van Esbroeck M, De Bacquer D, et al. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in school children in Rwanda and its association with socio-economic status: a population-based survey. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE. 2011;85(4):711–7.
MLA
De Smedt, Stefan, John Nkurikiye, Yannick Fonteyne, et al. “Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis in School Children in Rwanda and Its Association with Socio-economic Status: a Population-based Survey.” AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TROPICAL MEDICINE AND HYGIENE 85.4 (2011): 711–717. Print.