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A successful coup d'état: how Rhodococcus fascians redirects plant development

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Abstract
Rhodococcus fascians is a gram-positive phytopathogen that induces differentiated galls, known as leafy galls, on a wide variety of plants, employing virulence genes located on a linear plasmid. The pathogenic strategy consists of the production of a mixture of six synergistically acting cytokinins that overwhelm the plant's homeostatic mechanisms, ensuring the activation of a signaling cascade that targets the plant cell cycle and directs the newly formed cells to differentiate into shoot meristems. The shoots that are formed upon infection remain immature and never convert to source tissues resulting in the establishment of a nutrient sink that is a niche for the epiphytic and endophytic R. fascians subpopulations. Niche formation is accompanied by modifications of the transcriptome, metabolome, physiology, and morphology of both host and pathogen. Here, we review a decade of research and set the outlines of the molecular basis of the leafy gall syndrome.
Keywords
cytokinin, Actinomycete, auxin, organogenesis, polyamine, autoregulation, NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE, LEAFY GALL FORMATION, TOBACCO BY-2 CELLS, CORYNEBACTERIUM-FASCIANS, HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS, CYTOKININ PRODUCTION, SHOOT PROLIFERATION, VIRULENCE GENES

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Chicago
Stes, Elisabeth, Olivier M Vandeputte, Mondher El Jaziri, Marcella Holsters, and Danny Vereecke. 2011. “A Successful Coup D’état: How Rhodococcus Fascians Redirects Plant Development.” Ed. Neal K Van Alfen, George Bruening, and Jan E Leach. Annual Review of Phytopathology 49: 69–86.
APA
Stes, E., Vandeputte, O. M., El Jaziri, M., Holsters, M., & Vereecke, D. (2011). A successful coup d’état: how Rhodococcus fascians redirects plant development. (N. K. Van Alfen, G. Bruening, & J. E. Leach, Eds.)ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, 49, 69–86.
Vancouver
1.
Stes E, Vandeputte OM, El Jaziri M, Holsters M, Vereecke D. A successful coup d’état: how Rhodococcus fascians redirects plant development. Van Alfen NK, Bruening G, Leach JE, editors. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2011;49:69–86.
MLA
Stes, Elisabeth, Olivier M Vandeputte, Mondher El Jaziri, et al. “A Successful Coup D’état: How Rhodococcus Fascians Redirects Plant Development.” Ed. Neal K Van Alfen, George Bruening, & Jan E Leach. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY 49 (2011): 69–86. Print.
@article{1939736,
  abstract     = {Rhodococcus fascians is a gram-positive phytopathogen that induces differentiated galls, known as leafy galls, on a wide variety of plants, employing virulence genes located on a linear plasmid. The pathogenic strategy consists of the production of a mixture of six synergistically acting cytokinins that overwhelm the plant's homeostatic mechanisms, ensuring the activation of a signaling cascade that targets the plant cell cycle and directs the newly formed cells to differentiate into shoot meristems. The shoots that are formed upon infection remain immature and never convert to source tissues resulting in the establishment of a nutrient sink that is a niche for the epiphytic and endophytic R. fascians subpopulations. Niche formation is accompanied by modifications of the transcriptome, metabolome, physiology, and morphology of both host and pathogen. Here, we review a decade of research and set the outlines of the molecular basis of the leafy gall syndrome.},
  author       = {Stes, Elisabeth and Vandeputte, Olivier M and El Jaziri, Mondher and Holsters, Marcella and Vereecke, Danny},
  editor       = {Van Alfen, Neal K and Bruening, George and Leach, Jan E},
  issn         = {0066-4286},
  journal      = {ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {cytokinin,Actinomycete,auxin,organogenesis,polyamine,autoregulation,NITRIC-OXIDE SYNTHASE,LEAFY GALL FORMATION,TOBACCO BY-2 CELLS,CORYNEBACTERIUM-FASCIANS,HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,BIOTECHNOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS,CYTOKININ PRODUCTION,SHOOT PROLIFERATION,VIRULENCE GENES},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {69--86},
  title        = {A successful coup d'{\'e}tat: how Rhodococcus fascians redirects plant development},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-phyto-072910-095217},
  volume       = {49},
  year         = {2011},
}

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