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Application of TXRF for the ultra micro-analysis of artists' pigments

Author
Organization
Abstract
The identification of artists' pigments used for artifacts is required in art historical research and for restoration and conservation purposes. The analysis of materials from valuable works of art requires non-destructive methods or at least methods applicable to very small samples. The extreme sensitivity of TXRF and its experimental simplicity make this technique well suited for pigment analysis. When using an ultra micro method to take samples of less than 1 mu g in weight, TXRF can be applied in a practically non-destructive way. For elements with Z> 11, concentration ratio's can be determined accurately and precisely in paint samples of 10-100 ng (standard deviation on 14 replicate analyses 4%). Applied to oil paintings, ancient manuscripts, polychrome sculptures, painted leather, etc., TXRF allows most old inorganic pigments to be identified based on the presence of one to three key-elements in the pigment. Applications aiming at describing, dating and authenticating artifacts are discussed. It is shown that TXRF is a useful addition to the wide range of scientific methods of analysis available for the study of artists' pigments.
Keywords
REFLECTION, X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Moens, Luc, et al. “Application of TXRF for the Ultra Micro-Analysis of Artists’ Pigments.” JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES, vol. 13, no. 2, 1995, pp. 119–39.
APA
Moens, L., Devos, W., Klockenkämper, R., & von Bohlen, A. (1995). Application of TXRF for the ultra micro-analysis of artists’ pigments. JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES, 13(2), 119–139.
Chicago author-date
Moens, Luc, Wim Devos, Reinhold Klockenkämper, and Alex von Bohlen. 1995. “Application of TXRF for the Ultra Micro-Analysis of Artists’ Pigments.” JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES 13 (2): 119–39.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Moens, Luc, Wim Devos, Reinhold Klockenkämper, and Alex von Bohlen. 1995. “Application of TXRF for the Ultra Micro-Analysis of Artists’ Pigments.” JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES 13 (2): 119–139.
Vancouver
1.
Moens L, Devos W, Klockenkämper R, von Bohlen A. Application of TXRF for the ultra micro-analysis of artists’ pigments. JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES. 1995;13(2):119–39.
IEEE
[1]
L. Moens, W. Devos, R. Klockenkämper, and A. von Bohlen, “Application of TXRF for the ultra micro-analysis of artists’ pigments,” JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 119–139, 1995.
@article{193591,
  abstract     = {The identification of artists' pigments used for artifacts is required in art historical research and for restoration and conservation purposes. The analysis of materials from valuable works of art requires non-destructive methods or at least methods applicable to very small samples. The extreme sensitivity of TXRF and its experimental simplicity make this technique well suited for pigment analysis. When using an ultra micro method to take samples of less than 1 mu g in weight, TXRF can be applied in a practically non-destructive way. For elements with Z> 11, concentration ratio's can be determined accurately and precisely in paint samples of 10-100 ng (standard deviation on 14 replicate analyses 4%). Applied to oil paintings, ancient manuscripts, polychrome sculptures, painted leather, etc., TXRF allows most old inorganic pigments to be identified based on the presence of one to three key-elements in the pigment. Applications aiming at describing, dating and authenticating artifacts are discussed. It is shown that TXRF is a useful addition to the wide range of scientific methods of analysis available for the study of artists' pigments.},
  author       = {Moens, Luc and Devos, Wim and Klockenkämper, Reinhold and von Bohlen, Alex},
  issn         = {0733-4680},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF TRACE AND MICROPROBE TECHNIQUES},
  keywords     = {REFLECTION,X-RAY-FLUORESCENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {119--139},
  title        = {Application of TXRF for the ultra micro-analysis of artists' pigments},
  volume       = {13},
  year         = {1995},
}