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Six sporting worlds: a cluster analysis of sports participation in the EU-25

Charlotte Van Tuyckom UGent (2013) QUALITY & QUANTITY. 47(1). p.441-453
abstract
The aim of this study was to identify clusters of European nations grouped by sports participation outcomes (organizational context and intensity of sports participation), in order to provide sensible groupings for international comparisons. Sports participation data for the EU-25 were distracted from the 2004 Eurobarometer survey. Both a hierarchical as a K-means clustering method was used to identify groupings of countries that are homogeneous in terms of sports participation profiles. Six clusters of countries could be identified: (i) non to average fitness countries; (ii) active club countries; (iii) average non-organized countries; (iv) average school countries; (v) active multi-context countries; and (vi) very active countries. Considerable differences in sports participation profiles between European countries are made clearer when viewed across clusters of countries grouped by actual outcomes. This empirically derived taxonomy has advantages over ad hoc systems for comparing sports participation and for deciding which countries appear to have the most comparable participation profiles. Moreover, it shows that policy strategies to increase sports participation in European countries need a differentiated approach and have to take account for the fact that the provision and intensity of sport is at a quite different level in all six sporting clusters.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MORTALITY, INEQUALITIES, STATES, Cluster analysis, Sport participation, Eurobarometer
journal title
QUALITY & QUANTITY
volume
47
issue
1
pages
441 - 453
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000313661200028
JCR category
SOCIAL SCIENCES, INTERDISCIPLINARY
JCR impact factor
0.761 (2013)
JCR rank
38/93 (2013)
JCR quartile
2 (2013)
ISSN
0033-5177
DOI
10.1007/s11135-011-9528-8
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1930112
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1930112
date created
2011-10-14 15:13:27
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:51:09
@article{1930112,
  abstract     = {The aim of this study was to identify clusters of European nations grouped by sports participation outcomes (organizational context and intensity of sports participation), in order to provide sensible groupings for international comparisons. Sports participation data for the EU-25 were distracted from the 2004 Eurobarometer survey. Both a hierarchical as a K-means clustering method was used to identify groupings of countries that are homogeneous in terms of sports participation profiles. Six clusters of countries could be identified: (i) non to average fitness countries; (ii) active club countries; (iii) average non-organized countries; (iv) average school countries; (v) active multi-context countries; and (vi) very active countries. Considerable differences in sports participation profiles between European countries are made clearer when viewed across clusters of countries grouped by actual outcomes. This empirically derived taxonomy has advantages over ad hoc systems for comparing sports participation and for deciding which countries appear to have the most comparable participation profiles. Moreover, it shows that policy strategies to increase sports participation in European countries need a differentiated approach and have to take account for the fact that the provision and intensity of sport is at a quite different level in all six sporting clusters.},
  author       = {Van Tuyckom, Charlotte},
  issn         = {0033-5177},
  journal      = {QUALITY \& QUANTITY},
  keyword      = {MORTALITY,INEQUALITIES,STATES,Cluster analysis,Sport participation,Eurobarometer},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {441--453},
  title        = {Six sporting worlds: a cluster analysis of sports participation in the EU-25},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11135-011-9528-8},
  volume       = {47},
  year         = {2013},
}

Chicago
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte. 2013. “Six Sporting Worlds: a Cluster Analysis of Sports Participation in the EU-25.” Quality & Quantity 47 (1): 441–453.
APA
Van Tuyckom, C. (2013). Six sporting worlds: a cluster analysis of sports participation in the EU-25. QUALITY & QUANTITY, 47(1), 441–453.
Vancouver
1.
Van Tuyckom C. Six sporting worlds: a cluster analysis of sports participation in the EU-25. QUALITY & QUANTITY. 2013;47(1):441–53.
MLA
Van Tuyckom, Charlotte. “Six Sporting Worlds: a Cluster Analysis of Sports Participation in the EU-25.” QUALITY & QUANTITY 47.1 (2013): 441–453. Print.