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Enhanced visual perception with occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation

Manon Mulckhuyse UGent, Todd A Kelley, Jan Theeuwes, Vincent Walsh and Nilli Lavie (2011) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. 34(8). p.1320-1325
abstract
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the occipital pole can produce an illusory percept of a light flash (or phosphene), suggesting an excitatory effect. Whereas previous reported effects produced by single-pulse occipital pole TMS are typically disruptive, here we report the first demonstration of a location-specific facilitatory effect on visual perception in humans. Observers performed a spatial cueing orientation discrimination task. An orientation target was presented in one of two peripheral placeholders. A single pulse below the phosphene threshold applied to the occipital pole 150 or 200 ms before stimulus onset was found to facilitate target discrimination in the contralateral compared with the ipsilateral visual field. At the 150-ms time window contralateral TMS also amplified cueing effects, increasing both facilitation effects for valid cues and interference effects for invalid cues. These results are the first to show location-specific enhanced visual perception with single-pulse occipital pole stimulation prior to stimulus presentation, suggesting that occipital stimulation can enhance the excitability of visual cortex to subsequent perception.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
CORTEX EXCITABILITY, SHORT-TERM-MEMORY, STATE-DEPENDENCY, INDUCED PHOSPHENES, SUPPRESSION, AWARENESS, TMS, SCOTOMAS, MIGRAINE, SYSTEM, alpha-band, cortical excitability, human, occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation, spatial cueing, visual perception
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE
Eur. J. Neurosci.
volume
34
issue
8
pages
1320 - 1325
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000297014000015
JCR category
NEUROSCIENCES
JCR impact factor
3.631 (2011)
JCR rank
80/242 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0953-816X
DOI
10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07814.x
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1901643
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1901643
date created
2011-09-15 11:51:53
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:36
@article{1901643,
  abstract     = {Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the occipital pole can produce an illusory percept of a light flash (or phosphene), suggesting an excitatory effect. Whereas previous reported effects produced by single-pulse occipital pole TMS are typically disruptive, here we report the first demonstration of a location-specific facilitatory effect on visual perception in humans. Observers performed a spatial cueing orientation discrimination task. An orientation target was presented in one of two peripheral placeholders. A single pulse below the phosphene threshold applied to the occipital pole 150 or 200 ms before stimulus onset was found to facilitate target discrimination in the contralateral compared with the ipsilateral visual field. At the 150-ms time window contralateral TMS also amplified cueing effects, increasing both facilitation effects for valid cues and interference effects for invalid cues. These results are the first to show location-specific enhanced visual perception with single-pulse occipital pole stimulation prior to stimulus presentation, suggesting that occipital stimulation can enhance the excitability of visual cortex to subsequent perception.},
  author       = {Mulckhuyse, Manon and Kelley, Todd A and Theeuwes, Jan and Walsh, Vincent and Lavie, Nilli},
  issn         = {0953-816X},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE},
  keyword      = {CORTEX EXCITABILITY,SHORT-TERM-MEMORY,STATE-DEPENDENCY,INDUCED PHOSPHENES,SUPPRESSION,AWARENESS,TMS,SCOTOMAS,MIGRAINE,SYSTEM,alpha-band,cortical excitability,human,occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation,spatial cueing,visual perception},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1320--1325},
  title        = {Enhanced visual perception with occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1460-9568.2011.07814.x},
  volume       = {34},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Mulckhuyse, Manon, Todd A Kelley, Jan Theeuwes, Vincent Walsh, and Nilli Lavie. 2011. “Enhanced Visual Perception with Occipital Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.” European Journal of Neuroscience 34 (8): 1320–1325.
APA
Mulckhuyse, M., Kelley, T. A., Theeuwes, J., Walsh, V., & Lavie, N. (2011). Enhanced visual perception with occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE, 34(8), 1320–1325.
Vancouver
1.
Mulckhuyse M, Kelley TA, Theeuwes J, Walsh V, Lavie N. Enhanced visual perception with occipital transcranial magnetic stimulation. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE. 2011;34(8):1320–5.
MLA
Mulckhuyse, Manon, Todd A Kelley, Jan Theeuwes, et al. “Enhanced Visual Perception with Occipital Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE 34.8 (2011): 1320–1325. Print.