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Concealed information under stress: a test of the orienting theory in real-life police interrogations

Bruno Verschuere UGent, Ewout Meijer and Armand De Clercq UGent (2011) LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 16(2). p.348-356
abstract
Purpose. The concealed information test (CIT) is a polygraph test that assesses recognition of critical (e. g., crime) information. Laboratory studies showing stronger heart rate deceleration to concealed compared to control information indicate that the orienting response (OR) accounts for responding in the CIT. An important restriction to these findings is that laboratory circumstances impose little or no stress on the examinees, and that under real-life stress defensive responding may occur. Method. To examine the validity of the CIT under realistic stress, we analysed the data from 65 card tests conducted during real-life police polygraph interrogations. Results. Baseline heart rate was higher than that observed in the laboratory, confirming that the situation was stress inducing. As in the laboratory, the concealed cards elicited greater heart rate deceleration compared to the control cards. Conclusions. The data support the OR theory of the CIT under real-life stress.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
BLINK MODULATION, VALIDITY, POLYGRAPH TEST, GUILTY KNOWLEDGE TEST, PATTERNS, STIMULI, FEAR, RESPONSES, ACCURACY
journal title
LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Legal Criminol. Psychol.
volume
16
issue
2
pages
348 - 356
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000294157700012
JCR category
LAW
JCR impact factor
1.286 (2011)
JCR rank
37/134 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1355-3259
DOI
10.1348/135532510X521755
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1901242
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1901242
date created
2011-09-14 15:28:52
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:50:17
@article{1901242,
  abstract     = {Purpose. The concealed information test (CIT) is a polygraph test that assesses recognition of critical (e. g., crime) information. Laboratory studies showing stronger heart rate deceleration to concealed compared to control information indicate that the orienting response (OR) accounts for responding in the CIT. An important restriction to these findings is that laboratory circumstances impose little or no stress on the examinees, and that under real-life stress defensive responding may occur. 
Method. To examine the validity of the CIT under realistic stress, we analysed the data from 65 card tests conducted during real-life police polygraph interrogations. 
Results. Baseline heart rate was higher than that observed in the laboratory, confirming that the situation was stress inducing. As in the laboratory, the concealed cards elicited greater heart rate deceleration compared to the control cards. 
Conclusions. The data support the OR theory of the CIT under real-life stress.},
  author       = {Verschuere, Bruno and Meijer, Ewout and De Clercq, Armand},
  issn         = {1355-3259},
  journal      = {LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {BLINK MODULATION,VALIDITY,POLYGRAPH TEST,GUILTY KNOWLEDGE TEST,PATTERNS,STIMULI,FEAR,RESPONSES,ACCURACY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {348--356},
  title        = {Concealed information under stress: a test of the orienting theory in real-life police interrogations},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/135532510X521755},
  volume       = {16},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Verschuere, Bruno, Ewout Meijer, and Armand De Clercq. 2011. “Concealed Information Under Stress: a Test of the Orienting Theory in Real-life Police Interrogations.” Legal and Criminological Psychology 16 (2): 348–356.
APA
Verschuere, Bruno, Meijer, E., & De Clercq, A. (2011). Concealed information under stress: a test of the orienting theory in real-life police interrogations. LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 16(2), 348–356.
Vancouver
1.
Verschuere B, Meijer E, De Clercq A. Concealed information under stress: a test of the orienting theory in real-life police interrogations. LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2011;16(2):348–56.
MLA
Verschuere, Bruno, Ewout Meijer, and Armand De Clercq. “Concealed Information Under Stress: a Test of the Orienting Theory in Real-life Police Interrogations.” LEGAL AND CRIMINOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY 16.2 (2011): 348–356. Print.