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Cultural differences in strategic behavior: a study in computational estimation

Ineke Imbo UGent and Jo-Anne LeFevre (2011) JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 37(5). p.1294-1301
abstract
Imbo and LeFevre (2009) observed that Asians (responding in their second language) selected strategies less adaptively than did non-Asians (responding in their first language). In the present research, we tested whether adaptive strategy selection is (a) really more resource demanding for Asians than for non-Asians or (b) more resource demanding for participants answering in a non-preferred language. Three groups of participants were tested on a computational estimation task (e.g., 42 x 57 ≈ ?) in no-load and load conditions: 40 Belgian-educated adults who answered in their first language (Dutch), 40 Chinese-educated adults who answered in their first language (Chinese), and 40 Chinese-educated adults who answered in their second language (English). Although the Chinese were faster and more accurate than the Belgians, they selected strategies less adaptively. That is, the Chinese were less likely to choose the strategy that produced the best estimate, and especially so when their working memory was loaded. Further, we also observed that the Chinese who answered in English were slower than the Chinese who answered in Chinese; and this difference was larger for difficult strategies and under working memory load. These results are interpreted in terms of the encoding complex model, whereas the explanation for the adaptivity results is based on cultural differences in educational history.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
SELECTION, STUDENTS, BILINGUALS, CHINESE, NUMBER SENSE, WORKING-MEMORY, NUMERICAL COGNITION, CHOICE/NO-CHOICE METHOD, ADULTS, MATHEMATICS, language, strategy adaptivity, executive functions, cultural differences, computational estimation
journal title
JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION
J. Exp. Psychol.-Learn. Mem. Cogn.
volume
37
issue
5
pages
1294 - 1301
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000294369900021
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, EXPERIMENTAL
JCR impact factor
2.854 (2011)
JCR rank
18/83 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0278-7393
DOI
10.1037/a0024070
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1899351
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1899351
date created
2011-09-09 09:49:30
date last changed
2012-09-17 11:34:11
@article{1899351,
  abstract     = {Imbo and LeFevre (2009) observed that Asians (responding in their second language) selected strategies less adaptively than did non-Asians (responding in their first language). In the present research, we tested whether adaptive strategy selection is (a) really more resource demanding for Asians than for non-Asians or (b) more resource demanding for participants answering in a non-preferred language. Three groups of participants were tested on a computational estimation task (e.g., 42 x 57 \ensuremath{\asymp} ?) in no-load and load conditions: 40 Belgian-educated adults who answered in their first language (Dutch), 40 Chinese-educated adults who answered in their first language (Chinese), and 40 Chinese-educated adults who answered in their second language (English). Although the Chinese were faster and more accurate than the Belgians, they selected strategies less adaptively. That is, the Chinese were less likely to choose the strategy that produced the best estimate, and especially so when their working memory was loaded. Further, we also observed that the Chinese who answered in English were slower than the Chinese who answered in Chinese; and this difference was larger for difficult strategies and under working memory load. These results are interpreted in terms of the encoding complex model, whereas the explanation for the adaptivity results is based on cultural differences in educational history.},
  author       = {Imbo, Ineke and LeFevre, Jo-Anne},
  issn         = {0278-7393},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION},
  keyword      = {SELECTION,STUDENTS,BILINGUALS,CHINESE,NUMBER SENSE,WORKING-MEMORY,NUMERICAL COGNITION,CHOICE/NO-CHOICE METHOD,ADULTS,MATHEMATICS,language,strategy adaptivity,executive functions,cultural differences,computational estimation},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {1294--1301},
  title        = {Cultural differences in strategic behavior: a study in computational estimation},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0024070},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Imbo, Ineke, and Jo-Anne LeFevre. 2011. “Cultural Differences in Strategic Behavior: a Study in Computational Estimation.” Journal of Experimental Psychology-learning Memory and Cognition 37 (5): 1294–1301.
APA
Imbo, I., & LeFevre, J.-A. (2011). Cultural differences in strategic behavior: a study in computational estimation. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION, 37(5), 1294–1301.
Vancouver
1.
Imbo I, LeFevre J-A. Cultural differences in strategic behavior: a study in computational estimation. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION. 2011;37(5):1294–301.
MLA
Imbo, Ineke, and Jo-Anne LeFevre. “Cultural Differences in Strategic Behavior: a Study in Computational Estimation.” JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-LEARNING MEMORY AND COGNITION 37.5 (2011): 1294–1301. Print.