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The periphrastic perfect in Ancient Greek: a diachronic mental space analysis

Klaas Bentein (UGent)
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Abstract
In the present article, I apply Fauconniers mental spaces theory to the diachronic analysis of the Ancient Greek periphrastic perfect. I argue that the periphrastic construction started out as a resultative perfect, with FOCUS and EVENT located in the same mental space. I show that, contrary to what is sometimes believed, the construction was not limited to a purely stative meaning, but underwent the cross-linguistically attested semantic shift from resultative to anterior, whereby an additional non-FOCUS EVENT-space was constructed. In fourth-century Classical Greek, we witness the further extension of the periphrastic construction with regard to semantics, morphology and discourse context. I close the article with some remarks on the possible aoristicisation of the periphrastic perfect.
Keywords
diachrony, Mental Spaces Theory, perfect, periphrasis, Ancient Greek, GRAMMATICALIZATION, GRAMMAR, TENSE

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Bentein, Klaas. 2012. “The Periphrastic Perfect in Ancient Greek: a Diachronic Mental Space Analysis.” Transactions of the Philological Society 110 (2): 171–211.
APA
Bentein, K. (2012). The periphrastic perfect in Ancient Greek: a diachronic mental space analysis. TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY, 110(2), 171–211.
Vancouver
1.
Bentein K. The periphrastic perfect in Ancient Greek: a diachronic mental space analysis. TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY. 2012;110(2):171–211.
MLA
Bentein, Klaas. “The Periphrastic Perfect in Ancient Greek: a Diachronic Mental Space Analysis.” TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY 110.2 (2012): 171–211. Print.
@article{1897177,
  abstract     = {In the present article, I apply Fauconniers mental spaces theory to the diachronic analysis of the Ancient Greek periphrastic perfect. I argue that the periphrastic construction started out as a resultative perfect, with FOCUS and EVENT located in the same mental space. I show that, contrary to what is sometimes believed, the construction was not limited to a purely stative meaning, but underwent the cross-linguistically attested semantic shift from resultative to anterior, whereby an additional non-FOCUS EVENT-space was constructed. In fourth-century Classical Greek, we witness the further extension of the periphrastic construction with regard to semantics, morphology and discourse context. I close the article with some remarks on the possible aoristicisation of the periphrastic perfect.},
  author       = {Bentein, Klaas},
  issn         = {0079-1636},
  journal      = {TRANSACTIONS OF THE PHILOLOGICAL SOCIETY},
  keyword      = {diachrony,Mental Spaces Theory,perfect,periphrasis,Ancient Greek,GRAMMATICALIZATION,GRAMMAR,TENSE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {171--211},
  title        = {The periphrastic perfect in Ancient Greek: a diachronic mental space analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-968X.2012.01289.x},
  volume       = {110},
  year         = {2012},
}

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