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How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime?

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Abstract
In this contribution, we investigate whether prison sentences for environmental crime are indeed used in practice, how they are used and whether they imply a real threat to violators. To this end we examine previous studies on the role of imprisonment and confront these models with some empirical data. The empirical application summarizes evidence from several countries, but focuses on detailed data for criminal prosecution of environmental legislation in Flanders (Belgium) between 2003 and 2007. Thus we are able to highlight some interesting policy issues and directions for future research.
Keywords
Environmental Law, Environmental Law Enforcement, Law and Economics, DETERRENT, CONVICTION, REPEAT OFFENDERS, FINES, ENFORCEMENT, PUNISHMENT, NONMONETARY SANCTIONS

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Citation

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MLA
Billiet, Carole, and Sandra Rousseau. “How Real Is the Threat of Imprisonment for Environmental Crime?” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS 37.2 (2014): 183–198. Print.
APA
Billiet, Carole, & Rousseau, S. (2014). How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, 37(2), 183–198.
Chicago author-date
Billiet, Carole, and Sandra Rousseau. 2014. “How Real Is the Threat of Imprisonment for Environmental Crime?” European Journal of Law and Economics 37 (2): 183–198.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Billiet, Carole, and Sandra Rousseau. 2014. “How Real Is the Threat of Imprisonment for Environmental Crime?” European Journal of Law and Economics 37 (2): 183–198.
Vancouver
1.
Billiet C, Rousseau S. How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime? EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS. 2014;37(2):183–98.
IEEE
[1]
C. Billiet and S. Rousseau, “How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime?,” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 183–198, 2014.
@article{1894264,
  abstract     = {In this contribution, we investigate whether prison sentences for environmental crime are indeed used in practice, how they are used and whether they imply a real threat to violators. To this end we examine previous studies on the role of imprisonment and confront these models with some empirical data. The empirical application summarizes evidence from several countries, but focuses on detailed data for criminal prosecution of environmental legislation in Flanders (Belgium) between 2003 and 2007. Thus we are able to highlight some interesting policy issues and directions for future research.},
  author       = {Billiet, Carole and Rousseau, Sandra},
  issn         = {0929-1261},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF LAW AND ECONOMICS},
  keywords     = {Environmental Law,Environmental Law Enforcement,Law and Economics,DETERRENT,CONVICTION,REPEAT OFFENDERS,FINES,ENFORCEMENT,PUNISHMENT,NONMONETARY SANCTIONS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {183--198},
  title        = {How real is the threat of imprisonment for environmental crime?},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10657-011-9267-2},
  volume       = {37},
  year         = {2014},
}

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