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Effects of soil compaction on growth and survival of tree saplings: a meta-analysis

Evy Ampoorter UGent, Pieter De Frenne UGent, Martin Hermy UGent and Kris Verheyen UGent (2011) BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY. 12(5). p.394-402
abstract
Soil compaction due to mechanized harvesting operations in forests can have profound effects on forest soils and, hence, can have a detrimental effect on subsequent forest regeneration. We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the effect of soil compaction on height growth, diameter growth, and survival of tree saplings. These effects were predominantly insignificant, varied strongly and were thus not unambiguously negative. Only on silty soils, growth and survival were significantly reduced by soil compaction, which contrasted with sandy and loamy soils, where the effect of soil compaction was negligible or even slightly positive. A weighted analysis revealed an overall decrease of height growth on the compacted area, but this result should be interpreted with caution due to the limited number of observations. Although results did not show an overall negative effect of soil compaction, harvesting activities should focus on minimizing soil compaction degree and extent to prevent a decrease of soil productivity. From a methodological point of view we suggest providing more basic statistics in the articles and to include more shade-tolerant tree species in future experimental designs. These species are currently underrepresented.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
compaction degree, forest, diameter, height, texture, response ratio, COASTAL-PLAIN, ASPEN DEVELOPMENT, PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES, ROOT-GROWTH, BOREAL FOREST, BRITISH-COLUMBIA, DOUGLAS-FIR, LODGEPOLE PINE, FOREST FLOOR REMOVAL, ORGANIC-MATTER REMOVAL, mechanized operations
journal title
BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY
Basic Appl. Ecol.
volume
12
issue
5
pages
394 - 402
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000294742400002
JCR category
ECOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.669 (2011)
JCR rank
50/130 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
1439-1791
DOI
10.1016/j.baae.2011.06.003
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1892474
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1892474
date created
2011-08-25 13:51:30
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:46:39
@article{1892474,
  abstract     = {Soil compaction due to mechanized harvesting operations in forests can have profound effects on forest soils and, hence, can have a detrimental effect on subsequent forest regeneration. We performed a meta-analysis to quantify the effect of soil compaction on height growth, diameter growth, and survival of tree saplings. These effects were predominantly insignificant, varied strongly and were thus not unambiguously negative. Only on silty soils, growth and survival were significantly reduced by soil compaction, which contrasted with sandy and loamy soils, where the effect of soil compaction was negligible or even slightly positive. A weighted analysis revealed an overall decrease of height growth on the compacted area, but this result should be interpreted with caution due to the limited number of observations. Although results did not show an overall negative effect of soil compaction, harvesting activities should focus on minimizing soil compaction degree and extent to prevent a decrease of soil productivity. From a methodological point of view we suggest providing more basic statistics in the articles and to include more shade-tolerant tree species in future experimental designs. These species are currently underrepresented.},
  author       = {Ampoorter, Evy and De Frenne, Pieter and Hermy, Martin and Verheyen, Kris},
  issn         = {1439-1791},
  journal      = {BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY},
  keyword      = {compaction degree,forest,diameter,height,texture,response ratio,COASTAL-PLAIN,ASPEN DEVELOPMENT,PHYSICAL-PROPERTIES,ROOT-GROWTH,BOREAL FOREST,BRITISH-COLUMBIA,DOUGLAS-FIR,LODGEPOLE PINE,FOREST FLOOR REMOVAL,ORGANIC-MATTER REMOVAL,mechanized operations},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {394--402},
  title        = {Effects of soil compaction on growth and survival of tree saplings: a meta-analysis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2011.06.003},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Ampoorter, Evy, Pieter De Frenne, Martin Hermy, and Kris Verheyen. 2011. “Effects of Soil Compaction on Growth and Survival of Tree Saplings: a Meta-analysis.” Basic and Applied Ecology 12 (5): 394–402.
APA
Ampoorter, E., De Frenne, P., Hermy, M., & Verheyen, K. (2011). Effects of soil compaction on growth and survival of tree saplings: a meta-analysis. BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY, 12(5), 394–402.
Vancouver
1.
Ampoorter E, De Frenne P, Hermy M, Verheyen K. Effects of soil compaction on growth and survival of tree saplings: a meta-analysis. BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY. 2011;12(5):394–402.
MLA
Ampoorter, Evy, Pieter De Frenne, Martin Hermy, et al. “Effects of Soil Compaction on Growth and Survival of Tree Saplings: a Meta-analysis.” BASIC AND APPLIED ECOLOGY 12.5 (2011): 394–402. Print.