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Clinically healthy amphibians in captive collections and at pet fairs : a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis

(2011) AMPHIBIA-REPTILIA. 32(2). p.419-423
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Abstract
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is the cause of the fungal disease chytridiomycosis, a potentially lethal skin disease of amphibians. Asymptomatically infected amphibians may pose a risk for environmental pathogen pollution. This study therefore assessed the role of healthy, captive amphibians as a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Samples were collected from captive amphibians in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and France (559 from anurans, 330 from urodelans and 4 from gymnophians) from private owners, zoos, and laboratories. In addition to which, 78 anurans from 19 living collections were sampled during a pet fair in the Netherlands. Nearly 3% of the captive amphibians were infected by B. dendrobatidis, and 13.6% of the collections yielded at least one positive result. At the fair, 7 out of 78 anurans, representing 2 collections were positive. None of the animals that tested positive showed any obvious health problems at the time of sampling. Our results demonstrate the potential of the amphibian pet trade as a vehicle for the spread of B. dendrobatidis.
Keywords
disease, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis, pet, amphibian, CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS, DISEASE, MORTALITY

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Citation

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Chicago
van der Sluijs, Adriana Marieke, An Martel, Emma Wombwell, Pascale Van Rooij, Ronald Zollinger, Tonnie Woeltjes, Matthew Rendle, Freddy Haesebrouck, and Frank Pasmans. 2011. “Clinically Healthy Amphibians in Captive Collections and at Pet Fairs : a Reservoir of Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis.” Amphibia-reptilia 32 (2): 419–423.
APA
van der Sluijs, A. M., Martel, A., Wombwell, E., Van Rooij, P., Zollinger, R., Woeltjes, T., Rendle, M., et al. (2011). Clinically healthy amphibians in captive collections and at pet fairs : a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. AMPHIBIA-REPTILIA, 32(2), 419–423.
Vancouver
1.
van der Sluijs AM, Martel A, Wombwell E, Van Rooij P, Zollinger R, Woeltjes T, et al. Clinically healthy amphibians in captive collections and at pet fairs : a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. AMPHIBIA-REPTILIA. 2011;32(2):419–23.
MLA
van der Sluijs, Adriana Marieke, An Martel, Emma Wombwell, et al. “Clinically Healthy Amphibians in Captive Collections and at Pet Fairs : a Reservoir of Batrachochytrium Dendrobatidis.” AMPHIBIA-REPTILIA 32.2 (2011): 419–423. Print.
@article{1891306,
  abstract     = {Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is the cause of the fungal disease chytridiomycosis, a potentially lethal skin disease of amphibians. Asymptomatically infected amphibians may pose a risk for environmental pathogen pollution. This study therefore assessed the role of healthy, captive amphibians as a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Samples were collected from captive amphibians in Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and France (559 from anurans, 330 from urodelans and 4 from gymnophians) from private owners, zoos, and laboratories. In addition to which, 78 anurans from 19 living collections were sampled during a pet fair in the Netherlands. Nearly 3\% of the captive amphibians were infected by B. dendrobatidis, and 13.6\% of the collections yielded at least one positive result. At the fair, 7 out of 78 anurans, representing 2 collections were positive. None of the animals that tested positive showed any obvious health problems at the time of sampling. Our results demonstrate the potential of the amphibian pet trade as a vehicle for the spread of B. dendrobatidis.},
  author       = {van der Sluijs, Adriana Marieke and Martel, An and Wombwell, Emma and Van Rooij, Pascale and Zollinger, Ronald and Woeltjes, Tonnie and Rendle, Matthew and Haesebrouck, Freddy and Pasmans, Frank},
  issn         = {0173-5373},
  journal      = {AMPHIBIA-REPTILIA},
  keyword      = {disease,Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis,pet,amphibian,CHYTRIDIOMYCOSIS,DISEASE,MORTALITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {419--423},
  title        = {Clinically healthy amphibians in captive collections and at pet fairs : a reservoir of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/017353711X579830},
  volume       = {32},
  year         = {2011},
}

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