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Technical efficiency changes at the farm-level: a panel data analysis of rice farms in Bangladesh

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Biotechnology for a sustainable economy (Bio-Economy)
Abstract
This paper examines technical efficiency changes at the farm-level for rice farms in Bangladesh over a 17 year period (1987 to 2004) using nationally representative panel data. Results from the stochastic production frontier analysis indicate that technical efficiency of the rice farmers has declined from 83% to 60% over this period due to a host of farm as well as socio-economic factors. Age, education, tenure status and involvement in off-farm work are factor negatively influencing technical efficiency while the relationship with farm size is positive. Under the current production technology and input use, 40% higher production could be reached by removing technical efficiency which is substantial. Policy recommendations include consolidation of land and strengthening of extension services.
Keywords
Technical efficiency, rice farms, efficiency elasticity, panel data, Bangladesh, AGRICULTURE

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Citation

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Chicago
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Jeroen Buysse, Ismat Ara Begum, and Sanzidur Rahman. 2011. “Technical Efficiency Changes at the Farm-level: a Panel Data Analysis of Rice Farms in Bangladesh.” African Journal of Business Management 5 (14): 5559–5566.
APA
Alam, M. J., Van Huylenbroeck, G., Buysse, J., Begum, I. A., & Rahman, S. (2011). Technical efficiency changes at the farm-level: a panel data analysis of rice farms in Bangladesh. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT, 5(14), 5559–5566.
Vancouver
1.
Alam MJ, Van Huylenbroeck G, Buysse J, Begum IA, Rahman S. Technical efficiency changes at the farm-level: a panel data analysis of rice farms in Bangladesh. AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT. 2011;5(14):5559–66.
MLA
Alam, Mohammad Jahangir, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Jeroen Buysse, et al. “Technical Efficiency Changes at the Farm-level: a Panel Data Analysis of Rice Farms in Bangladesh.” AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT 5.14 (2011): 5559–5566. Print.
@article{1891225,
  abstract     = {This paper examines technical efficiency changes at the farm-level for rice farms in Bangladesh over a 17 year period (1987 to 2004) using nationally representative panel data. Results from the stochastic production frontier analysis indicate that technical efficiency of the rice farmers has declined from 83\% to 60\% over this period due to a host of farm as well as socio-economic factors. Age, education, tenure status and involvement in off-farm work are factor negatively influencing technical efficiency while the relationship with farm size is positive. Under the current production technology and input use, 40\% higher production could be reached by removing technical efficiency which is substantial. Policy recommendations include consolidation of land and strengthening of extension services.},
  author       = {Alam, Mohammad Jahangir and Van Huylenbroeck, Guido and Buysse, Jeroen and Begum, Ismat Ara and Rahman, Sanzidur},
  issn         = {1993-8233},
  journal      = {AFRICAN JOURNAL OF BUSINESS MANAGEMENT},
  keyword      = {Technical efficiency,rice farms,efficiency elasticity,panel data,Bangladesh,AGRICULTURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {14},
  pages        = {5559--5566},
  title        = {Technical efficiency changes at the farm-level: a panel data analysis of rice farms in Bangladesh},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

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