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Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization

Liesbet Boone (UGent) , Bart Soenens (UGent) and Caroline Braet (UGent)
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Abstract
Mounting evidence suggests that perfectionism contributes to the development and maintenance of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Research adopting a multidimensional conceptualization of perfectionism has shown evaluative concerns (EC) perfectionism to be more strongly associated with ED pathology compared to personal standards (PS) perfectionism. However, less research has addressed the underlying mechanisms accounting for these relations. Based on the sociocultural theory, the aim of this study was to examine perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization as intervening variables through which PS and EC perfectionism could relate to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms. A total of 559 adolescents (59% female; mean age = 13.9 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses showed that EC perfectionism and PS perfectionism were related differentially to the intervening variables, with EC perfectionism being primarily related to perceived pressure to be thin and with PS perfectionism being primarily related to thin ideal internalization. Further, whereas EC perfectionism was related to increases in bulimic symptoms both directly and indirectly, PS perfectionism was only indirectly related to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms through the sociocultural variables.
Keywords
EATING-DISORDERS, RISK-FACTORS, DUAL-PATHWAY MODEL, SOCIALLY PRESCRIBED PERFECTIONISM, ANOREXIA-NERVOSA, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, DIETARY RESTRAINT, INTEGRATIVE MODEL, NEGATIVE AFFECT, COLLEGE-WOMEN

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Chicago
Boone, Liesbet, Bart Soenens, and Caroline Braet. 2011. “Perfectionism, Body Dissatisfaction, and Bulimic Symptoms: The Intervening Role of Perceived Pressure to Be Thin and Thin Ideal Internalization.” Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 30 (10): 1043–1068.
APA
Boone, Liesbet, Soenens, B., & Braet, C. (2011). Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 30(10), 1043–1068.
Vancouver
1.
Boone L, Soenens B, Braet C. Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2011;30(10):1043–68.
MLA
Boone, Liesbet, Bart Soenens, and Caroline Braet. “Perfectionism, Body Dissatisfaction, and Bulimic Symptoms: The Intervening Role of Perceived Pressure to Be Thin and Thin Ideal Internalization.” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY 30.10 (2011): 1043–1068. Print.
@article{1890157,
  abstract     = {Mounting evidence suggests that perfectionism contributes to the development and maintenance of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Research adopting a multidimensional conceptualization of perfectionism has shown evaluative concerns (EC) perfectionism to be more strongly associated with ED pathology compared to personal standards (PS) perfectionism. However, less research has addressed the underlying mechanisms accounting for these relations. Based on the sociocultural theory, the aim of this study was to examine perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization as intervening variables through which PS and EC perfectionism could relate to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms. A total of 559 adolescents (59\% female; mean age = 13.9 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses showed that EC perfectionism and PS perfectionism were related differentially to the intervening variables, with EC perfectionism being primarily related to perceived pressure to be thin and with PS perfectionism being primarily related to thin ideal internalization. Further, whereas EC perfectionism was related to increases in bulimic symptoms both directly and indirectly, PS perfectionism was only indirectly related to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms through the sociocultural variables.},
  author       = {Boone, Liesbet and Soenens, Bart and Braet, Caroline},
  issn         = {0736-7236},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {EATING-DISORDERS,RISK-FACTORS,DUAL-PATHWAY MODEL,SOCIALLY PRESCRIBED PERFECTIONISM,ANOREXIA-NERVOSA,ADOLESCENT GIRLS,DIETARY RESTRAINT,INTEGRATIVE MODEL,NEGATIVE AFFECT,COLLEGE-WOMEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1043--1068},
  title        = {Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2011.30.10.1043},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2011},
}

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