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Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization

Liesbet Boone, Bart Soenens UGent and Caroline Braet UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 30(10). p.1043-1068
abstract
Mounting evidence suggests that perfectionism contributes to the development and maintenance of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Research adopting a multidimensional conceptualization of perfectionism has shown evaluative concerns (EC) perfectionism to be more strongly associated with ED pathology compared to personal standards (PS) perfectionism. However, less research has addressed the underlying mechanisms accounting for these relations. Based on the sociocultural theory, the aim of this study was to examine perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization as intervening variables through which PS and EC perfectionism could relate to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms. A total of 559 adolescents (59% female; mean age = 13.9 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses showed that EC perfectionism and PS perfectionism were related differentially to the intervening variables, with EC perfectionism being primarily related to perceived pressure to be thin and with PS perfectionism being primarily related to thin ideal internalization. Further, whereas EC perfectionism was related to increases in bulimic symptoms both directly and indirectly, PS perfectionism was only indirectly related to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms through the sociocultural variables.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
EATING-DISORDERS, RISK-FACTORS, DUAL-PATHWAY MODEL, SOCIALLY PRESCRIBED PERFECTIONISM, ANOREXIA-NERVOSA, ADOLESCENT GIRLS, DIETARY RESTRAINT, INTEGRATIVE MODEL, NEGATIVE AFFECT, COLLEGE-WOMEN
journal title
JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
J. Soc. Clin. Psychol.
volume
30
issue
10
pages
1043 - 1068
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000298490500002
JCR category
PSYCHOLOGY, SOCIAL
JCR impact factor
1.356 (2011)
JCR rank
26/59 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0736-7236
DOI
10.1521/jscp.2011.30.10.1043
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1890157
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1890157
date created
2011-08-18 13:25:18
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:43:48
@article{1890157,
  abstract     = {Mounting evidence suggests that perfectionism contributes to the development and maintenance of eating disorder (ED) symptoms. Research adopting a multidimensional conceptualization of perfectionism has shown evaluative concerns (EC) perfectionism to be more strongly associated with ED pathology compared to personal standards (PS) perfectionism. However, less research has addressed the underlying mechanisms accounting for these relations. Based on the sociocultural theory, the aim of this study was to examine perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization as intervening variables through which PS and EC perfectionism could relate to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms. A total of 559 adolescents (59\% female; mean age = 13.9 years) participated in a three-wave longitudinal study. Structural equation modeling (SEM) analyses showed that EC perfectionism and PS perfectionism were related differentially to the intervening variables, with EC perfectionism being primarily related to perceived pressure to be thin and with PS perfectionism being primarily related to thin ideal internalization. Further, whereas EC perfectionism was related to increases in bulimic symptoms both directly and indirectly, PS perfectionism was only indirectly related to body dissatisfaction and bulimic symptoms through the sociocultural variables.},
  author       = {Boone, Liesbet and Soenens, Bart and Braet, Caroline},
  issn         = {0736-7236},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {EATING-DISORDERS,RISK-FACTORS,DUAL-PATHWAY MODEL,SOCIALLY PRESCRIBED PERFECTIONISM,ANOREXIA-NERVOSA,ADOLESCENT GIRLS,DIETARY RESTRAINT,INTEGRATIVE MODEL,NEGATIVE AFFECT,COLLEGE-WOMEN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {10},
  pages        = {1043--1068},
  title        = {Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/jscp.2011.30.10.1043},
  volume       = {30},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Boone, Liesbet, Bart Soenens, and Caroline Braet. 2011. “Perfectionism, Body Dissatisfaction, and Bulimic Symptoms: The Intervening Role of Perceived Pressure to Be Thin and Thin Ideal Internalization.” Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 30 (10): 1043–1068.
APA
Boone, Liesbet, Soenens, B., & Braet, C. (2011). Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY, 30(10), 1043–1068.
Vancouver
1.
Boone L, Soenens B, Braet C. Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and bulimic symptoms: the intervening role of perceived pressure to be thin and thin ideal internalization. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2011;30(10):1043–68.
MLA
Boone, Liesbet, Bart Soenens, and Caroline Braet. “Perfectionism, Body Dissatisfaction, and Bulimic Symptoms: The Intervening Role of Perceived Pressure to Be Thin and Thin Ideal Internalization.” JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY 30.10 (2011): 1043–1068. Print.