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Regional characterization of the long-term change in soil organic carbon under intensive agriculture

(1996) SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT. 12(2). p.86-94
Author
Organization
Abstract
To study the change in soil organic carbon (SOC) since it was recorded during the Belgian National Soil Survey some 40 years ago, we recently revisited 939 locations still under use as arable land. The study area comprised almost the entire province of West Flanders (about 3000 km(2)) characterized by profound changes in its arable land management. Taking the increased ploughing depth (by 9.8 cm on average) into account, a significant (P = 0.001) increase of the SOC content by 0.2% on average was found, Expressed as an amount, the SOC in the topsoil rose by 9.3 t/ha on average, representing an increase of 25%. This is comparable with the conversion of arable land into grassland for 2 to 3 decades. Geostatistical tools were used to map the SOC at the two times of observation. These showed that most of the spatial variation occurred within about 4 km. Since the community level is the smallest spatial resolution on which agricultural statistics are gathered officially, a detailed modelling of the change in SOC was;as impossible. However, by selecting communities with extreme changes in SOC, we found indications that the major source of increase in SOC was due to the large increase in pig breeding.
Keywords
soil organic matter, carbon, arable land, intensive farming, Belgium, TOPSOIL, MATTER

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Chicago
Van Meirvenne, Marc, J Pannier, Georges Hofman, and Geertrui Louwagie. 1996. “Regional Characterization of the Long-term Change in Soil Organic Carbon Under Intensive Agriculture.” Soil Use and Management 12 (2): 86–94.
APA
Van Meirvenne, Marc, Pannier, J., Hofman, G., & Louwagie, G. (1996). Regional characterization of the long-term change in soil organic carbon under intensive agriculture. SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT, 12(2), 86–94.
Vancouver
1.
Van Meirvenne M, Pannier J, Hofman G, Louwagie G. Regional characterization of the long-term change in soil organic carbon under intensive agriculture. SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT. 1996;12(2):86–94.
MLA
Van Meirvenne, Marc, J Pannier, Georges Hofman, et al. “Regional Characterization of the Long-term Change in Soil Organic Carbon Under Intensive Agriculture.” SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT 12.2 (1996): 86–94. Print.
@article{188976,
  abstract     = {To study the change in soil organic carbon (SOC) since it was recorded during the Belgian National Soil Survey some 40 years ago, we recently revisited 939 locations still under use as arable land. The study area comprised almost the entire province of West Flanders (about 3000 km(2)) characterized by profound changes in its arable land management.
Taking the increased ploughing depth (by 9.8 cm on average) into account, a significant (P = 0.001) increase of the SOC content by 0.2\% on average was found, Expressed as an amount, the SOC in the topsoil rose by 9.3 t/ha on average, representing an increase of 25\%. This is comparable with the conversion of arable land into grassland for 2 to 3 decades.

Geostatistical tools were used to map the SOC at the two times of observation. These showed that most of the spatial variation occurred within about 4 km. Since the community level is the smallest spatial resolution on which agricultural statistics are gathered officially, a detailed modelling of the change in SOC was;as impossible. However, by selecting communities with extreme changes in SOC, we found indications that the major source of increase in SOC was due to the large increase in pig breeding.},
  author       = {Van Meirvenne, Marc and Pannier, J and Hofman, Georges and Louwagie, Geertrui},
  issn         = {0266-0032},
  journal      = {SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT},
  keyword      = {soil organic matter,carbon,arable land,intensive farming,Belgium,TOPSOIL,MATTER},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {86--94},
  title        = {Regional characterization of the long-term change in soil organic carbon under intensive agriculture},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {1996},
}