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The effect of combined exercise training in adolescents who are overweight or obese with intellectual disability: the role of training frequency

Sami Elmahgoub (UGent) , Patrick Calders (UGent) , Sabine Lambers (UGent) , Sanne Stegen (UGent) , Christophe Van Laethem (UGent) and Dirk Cambier (UGent)
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Abstract
Data about effects of exercise training in adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) are very limited. This study investigated the effect of 2 different frequencies of the same intensity and total training volume of combined exercise training on indices of body composition, physical fitness, and lipid profile in overweight and obese adolescents with ID. A total of 45 overweight and obese adolescents with ID aged 14-22 years with a total IQ 45-70 received combined exercise training 3 times a week (CET3) for 30 sessions (10 weeks; n = 15), twice a week (CET2) for 30 sessions (15 weeks; n = 15), or no training (10 weeks; n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex, and education form. Before and after the intervention period, indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile have been evaluated. Compared to the control group, CET3 resulted in a significant improvement of physical fitness, obesity indices, and lipid profile of the participants. Comparing CET2 with CET3, no significantly different evolutions were noticed, except for lower limb strength in favor of exercising 3 times a week. In conclusion, exercising 2 times a week, which is more feasible and practical for participants and guidance, has the same health beneficial effects as 3 times per week in overweight and obese adolescents with ID in short-term training.
Keywords
aerobic capacity, mental retardation, muscle strength, training mode, DOWN-SYNDROME, BODY-COMPOSITION, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, WEIGHT-REDUCTION, CHILDREN, ADULTS, RESISTANCE, STRENGTH, FITNESS, RELIABILITY

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Chicago
Elmahgoub, Sami, Patrick Calders, Sabine Lambers, Sanne Stegen, Christophe Van Laethem, and Dirk Cambier. 2011. “The Effect of Combined Exercise Training in Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese with Intellectual Disability: The Role of Training Frequency.” Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 25 (8): 2274–2282.
APA
Elmahgoub, S., Calders, P., Lambers, S., Stegen, S., Van Laethem, C., & Cambier, D. (2011). The effect of combined exercise training in adolescents who are overweight or obese with intellectual disability: the role of training frequency. JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 25(8), 2274–2282.
Vancouver
1.
Elmahgoub S, Calders P, Lambers S, Stegen S, Van Laethem C, Cambier D. The effect of combined exercise training in adolescents who are overweight or obese with intellectual disability: the role of training frequency. JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH. 2011;25(8):2274–82.
MLA
Elmahgoub, Sami, Patrick Calders, Sabine Lambers, et al. “The Effect of Combined Exercise Training in Adolescents Who Are Overweight or Obese with Intellectual Disability: The Role of Training Frequency.” JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH 25.8 (2011): 2274–2282. Print.
@article{1889438,
  abstract     = {Data about effects of exercise training in adolescents with intellectual disability (ID) are very limited. This study investigated the effect of 2 different frequencies of the same intensity and total training volume of combined exercise training on indices of body composition, physical fitness, and lipid profile in overweight and obese adolescents with ID. A total of 45 overweight and obese adolescents with ID aged 14-22 years with a total IQ 45-70 received combined exercise training 3 times a week (CET3) for 30 sessions (10 weeks; n = 15), twice a week (CET2) for 30 sessions (15 weeks; n = 15), or no training (10 weeks; n = 15). Groups were matched for age, sex, and education form. Before and after the intervention period, indices of body composition, physical fitness and lipid profile have been evaluated. Compared to the control group, CET3 resulted in a significant improvement of physical fitness, obesity indices, and lipid profile of the participants. Comparing CET2 with CET3, no significantly different evolutions were noticed, except for lower limb strength in favor of exercising 3 times a week. In conclusion, exercising 2 times a week, which is more feasible and practical for participants and guidance, has the same health beneficial effects as 3 times per week in overweight and obese adolescents with ID in short-term training.},
  author       = {Elmahgoub, Sami and Calders, Patrick and Lambers, Sabine and Stegen, Sanne and Van Laethem, Christophe and Cambier, Dirk},
  issn         = {1064-8011},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {aerobic capacity,mental retardation,muscle strength,training mode,DOWN-SYNDROME,BODY-COMPOSITION,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,WEIGHT-REDUCTION,CHILDREN,ADULTS,RESISTANCE,STRENGTH,FITNESS,RELIABILITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {2274--2282},
  title        = {The effect of combined exercise training in adolescents who are overweight or obese with intellectual disability: the role of training frequency},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181f11c41},
  volume       = {25},
  year         = {2011},
}

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