Advanced search
1 file | 1.53 MB

Beneficial influence of ketanserin on autoregulation of blood flow in post-ischemic kidneys.

Author
Organization
Abstract
The influence of ketanserin, a S-2-serotonergic receptor blocker, on the impaired renal hemodynamics in a clamp model of renal ischemia in rats was investigated in this study, Serotonin-induced vasoconstriction of the renal vascular bed was augmented after ischemia. This constriction is blocked by ketanserin (0.05 mg/kg iv bolus, followed by 0.1 mg/kg per h infusion). The influence of the same ketanserin treatment on the response of RBF versus a stepwise lowering of the renal perfusion pressure was studied in post-ischemic kidneys with an established loss of autoregulation of RBF. An almost perfect restoration of the autoregulatory response was apparent after the S-2-serotonergic antagonism. Despite this beneficial effect on renal hemodynamics, renal function, judged by measurement of GFR and urinary sodium excretion rate, was not influenced by an acute infusion of ketanserin in post-ischemic kidneys. It is suggested that serotonin plays a pivotal role in the suppression of autoregulation of RBF by a S-2-serotonergic receptor-mediated vasoconstrictor effect in the postischemic kidney. It most likely masks the potential myogenic dilatory response of the smooth muscle cells in renal preglomerular microvasculature. Restoration of the renal autoregulatory capacity by S,serotonergic receptor antagonism could be of clinical relevance in human post-ischemic acute renal failure.
Keywords
serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptamine, vasoconstriction, arcuate arteries, myogenic response, ACUTE-RENAL-FAILURE, AUTO-REGULATION, SEROTONIN, RATS, ENDOTHELIUM, VISUALIZATION, MORPHOLOGY, RECEPTORS, PLATELETS, PRESSURE

Downloads

  • (...).pdf
    • full text
    • |
    • UGent only
    • |
    • PDF
    • |
    • 1.53 MB

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Verbeke, Marleen, Bernd Smöllich, Johan Van de Voorde, Leo De Ridder, and Norbert Lameire. 1996. “Beneficial Influence of Ketanserin on Autoregulation of Blood Flow in Post-ischemic Kidneys.” Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 7 (4): 621–627.
APA
Verbeke, Marleen, Smöllich, B., Van de Voorde, J., De Ridder, L., & Lameire, N. (1996). Beneficial influence of ketanserin on autoregulation of blood flow in post-ischemic kidneys. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY, 7(4), 621–627.
Vancouver
1.
Verbeke M, Smöllich B, Van de Voorde J, De Ridder L, Lameire N. Beneficial influence of ketanserin on autoregulation of blood flow in post-ischemic kidneys. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY. 1996;7(4):621–7.
MLA
Verbeke, Marleen, Bernd Smöllich, Johan Van de Voorde, et al. “Beneficial Influence of Ketanserin on Autoregulation of Blood Flow in Post-ischemic Kidneys.” JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY 7.4 (1996): 621–627. Print.
@article{187708,
  abstract     = {The influence of ketanserin, a S-2-serotonergic receptor blocker, on the impaired renal hemodynamics in a clamp model of renal ischemia in rats was investigated in this study, Serotonin-induced vasoconstriction of the renal vascular bed was augmented after ischemia. This constriction is blocked by ketanserin (0.05 mg/kg iv bolus, followed by 0.1 mg/kg per h infusion). The influence of the same ketanserin treatment on the response of RBF versus a stepwise lowering of the renal perfusion pressure was studied in post-ischemic kidneys with an established loss of autoregulation of RBF. An almost perfect restoration of the autoregulatory response was apparent after the S-2-serotonergic antagonism. Despite this beneficial effect on renal hemodynamics, renal function, judged by measurement of GFR and urinary sodium excretion rate, was not influenced by an acute infusion of ketanserin in post-ischemic kidneys. It is suggested that serotonin plays a pivotal role in the suppression of autoregulation of RBF by a S-2-serotonergic receptor-mediated vasoconstrictor effect in the postischemic kidney. It most likely masks the potential myogenic dilatory response of the smooth muscle cells in renal preglomerular microvasculature. Restoration of the renal autoregulatory capacity by S,serotonergic receptor antagonism could be of clinical relevance in human post-ischemic acute renal failure.},
  author       = {Verbeke, Marleen and Sm{\"o}llich, Bernd and Van de Voorde, Johan and De Ridder, Leo and Lameire, Norbert},
  issn         = {1046-6673},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF NEPHROLOGY},
  keyword      = {serotonin,5-hydroxytryptamine,vasoconstriction,arcuate arteries,myogenic response,ACUTE-RENAL-FAILURE,AUTO-REGULATION,SEROTONIN,RATS,ENDOTHELIUM,VISUALIZATION,MORPHOLOGY,RECEPTORS,PLATELETS,PRESSURE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {4},
  pages        = {621--627},
  title        = {Beneficial influence of ketanserin on autoregulation of blood flow in post-ischemic kidneys.},
  url          = {http://jasn.asnjournals.org/content/7/4/621},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {1996},
}