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Northeastern Atlantic cold-water coral reefs and climate

(2011) GEOLOGY. 39(8). p.743-746
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Abstract
U-series age patterns obtained on reef framework-forming cold-water corals collected over a nearly 6000-km-long continental margin sector, extending from off Mauritania (17 degrees N; northwest Africa) to the southwestern Barents Sea (70 degrees N; northeastern Europe), reveal strong climate influences on the geographical distribution and sustained development of these ecosystems. Over the past three glacial-interglacial cycles, framework-forming cold-water corals (Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata) seem to have predominantly populated reefs, canyons, and patches in the temperate East Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Above 50 degrees N corals colonize reefs in the northern East Atlantic primarily during warm climate periods with the biogeographic limit advancing from similar to 50 degrees N to similar to 70 degrees N. We propose that north-south oscillations of the biogeographic limit of reef developments are paced by ice ages and may occur synchronously with north-south displacement of cold nutrient-rich intermediate waters and surface productivity related to changes of the polar front.
Keywords
DEEP, LOPHELIA-PERTUSA SCLERACTINIA

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Citation

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Chicago
Frank, Norbert, André Freiwald, Matthias López Correa, Claudia Wienberg, Markus Eisele, Dierk Hebbeln, David Van Rooij, et al. 2011. “Northeastern Atlantic Cold-water Coral Reefs and Climate.” Geology 39 (8): 743–746.
APA
Frank, Norbert, Freiwald, A., López Correa, M., Wienberg, C., Eisele, M., Hebbeln, D., Van Rooij, D., et al. (2011). Northeastern Atlantic cold-water coral reefs and climate. GEOLOGY, 39(8), 743–746.
Vancouver
1.
Frank N, Freiwald A, López Correa M, Wienberg C, Eisele M, Hebbeln D, et al. Northeastern Atlantic cold-water coral reefs and climate. GEOLOGY. 2011;39(8):743–6.
MLA
Frank, Norbert, André Freiwald, Matthias López Correa, et al. “Northeastern Atlantic Cold-water Coral Reefs and Climate.” GEOLOGY 39.8 (2011): 743–746. Print.
@article{1870424,
  abstract     = {U-series age patterns obtained on reef framework-forming cold-water corals collected over a nearly 6000-km-long continental margin sector, extending from off Mauritania (17 degrees N; northwest Africa) to the southwestern Barents Sea (70 degrees N; northeastern Europe), reveal strong climate influences on the geographical distribution and sustained development of these ecosystems. Over the past three glacial-interglacial cycles, framework-forming cold-water corals (Lophelia pertusa and Madrepora oculata) seem to have predominantly populated reefs, canyons, and patches in the temperate East Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Above 50 degrees N corals colonize reefs in the northern East Atlantic primarily during warm climate periods with the biogeographic limit advancing from similar to 50 degrees N to similar to 70 degrees N. We propose that north-south oscillations of the biogeographic limit of reef developments are paced by ice ages and may occur synchronously with north-south displacement of cold nutrient-rich intermediate waters and surface productivity related to changes of the polar front.},
  author       = {Frank, Norbert and Freiwald, Andr{\'e} and L{\'o}pez Correa, Matthias and Wienberg, Claudia and Eisele, Markus and Hebbeln, Dierk and Van Rooij, David and Henriet, Jean and Colin, Christophe and van Weering, Tjeerd and de Haas, Henk and Buhl-Mortensen, P{\aa}l and Roberts, J Murray and De Mol, Ben and Douville, Eric and Blamart, Dominique and Hatte, Christine},
  issn         = {0016-8505},
  journal      = {GEOLOGY},
  keyword      = {DEEP,LOPHELIA-PERTUSA SCLERACTINIA},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {743--746},
  title        = {Northeastern Atlantic cold-water coral reefs and climate},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1130/G31825.1},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2011},
}

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