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Morphological classification of plant cell deaths

WG van Doorn, EP Beers, JL Dangl, VE Franklin-Tong, P Gallois, I Hara-Nishimura, AM Jones, M Kawai-Yamada, E Lam and J Mundy, et al. (2011) CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION. 18(8). p.1241-1246
abstract
Programmed cell death (PCD) is an integral part of plant development and of responses to abiotic stress or pathogens. Although the morphology of plant PCD is, in some cases, well characterised and molecular mechanisms controlling plant PCD are beginning to emerge, there is still confusion about the classification of PCD in plants. Here we suggest a classification based on morphological criteria. According to this classification, the use of the term 'apoptosis' is not justified in plants, but at least two classes of PCD can be distinguished: vacuolar cell death and necrosis. During vacuolar cell death, the cell contents are removed by a combination of autophagy-like process and release of hydrolases from collapsed lytic vacuoles. Necrosis is characterised by early rupture of the plasma membrane, shrinkage of the protoplast and absence of vacuolar cell death features. Vacuolar cell death is common during tissue and organ formation and elimination, whereas necrosis is typically found under abiotic stress. Some examples of plant PCD cannot be ascribed to either major class and are therefore classified as separate modalities. These are PCD associated with the hypersensitive response to biotrophic pathogens, which can express features of both necrosis and vacuolar cell death, PCD in starchy cereal endosperm and during self-incompatibility. The present classification is not static, but will be subject to further revision, especially when specific biochemical pathways are better defined.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
HYPERSENSITIVE RESPONSE, INNATE IMMUNE-RESPONSE, vacuolar cell death, SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY, ARABIDOPSIS, AUTOPHAGY, SENESCENCE, APOPTOSIS, CONTRIBUTES, XYLOGENESIS, MECHANISMS, necrosis, hypersensitive response, cell wall, apoptosis, autophagy
journal title
CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION
Cell Death Differ.
volume
18
issue
8
pages
1241 - 1246
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000292634000002
JCR category
BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
8.849 (2011)
JCR rank
23/286 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
1350-9047
DOI
10.1038/cdd.2011.36
project
Biotechnology for a sustainable economy (Bio-Economy)
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1865269
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1865269
date created
2011-08-02 15:54:35
date last changed
2013-02-27 12:52:12
@article{1865269,
  abstract     = {Programmed cell death (PCD) is an integral part of plant development and of responses to abiotic stress or pathogens. Although the morphology of plant PCD is, in some cases, well characterised and molecular mechanisms controlling plant PCD are beginning to emerge, there is still confusion about the classification of PCD in plants. Here we suggest a classification based on morphological criteria. According to this classification, the use of the term 'apoptosis' is not justified in plants, but at least two classes of PCD can be distinguished: vacuolar cell death and necrosis. During vacuolar cell death, the cell contents are removed by a combination of autophagy-like process and release of hydrolases from collapsed lytic vacuoles. Necrosis is characterised by early rupture of the plasma membrane, shrinkage of the protoplast and absence of vacuolar cell death features. Vacuolar cell death is common during tissue and organ formation and elimination, whereas necrosis is typically found under abiotic stress. Some examples of plant PCD cannot be ascribed to either major class and are therefore classified as separate modalities. These are PCD associated with the hypersensitive response to biotrophic pathogens, which can express features of both necrosis and vacuolar cell death, PCD in starchy cereal endosperm and during self-incompatibility. The present classification is not static, but will be subject to further revision, especially when specific biochemical pathways are better defined.},
  author       = {van Doorn, WG and Beers, EP and Dangl, JL and Franklin-Tong, VE and Gallois, P and Hara-Nishimura, I and Jones, AM and Kawai-Yamada, M and Lam, E and Mundy, J and Mur, LAJ and Petersen, M and Smertenko, A and Taliansky, M and Van Breusegem, Frank and Wolpert, T and Woltering, E and Zhivotovsky, B and Bozhkov, PV},
  issn         = {1350-9047},
  journal      = {CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION},
  keyword      = {HYPERSENSITIVE RESPONSE,INNATE IMMUNE-RESPONSE,vacuolar cell death,SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY,ARABIDOPSIS,AUTOPHAGY,SENESCENCE,APOPTOSIS,CONTRIBUTES,XYLOGENESIS,MECHANISMS,necrosis,hypersensitive response,cell wall,apoptosis,autophagy},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {8},
  pages        = {1241--1246},
  title        = {Morphological classification of plant cell deaths},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/cdd.2011.36},
  volume       = {18},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
van Doorn, WG, EP Beers, JL Dangl, VE Franklin-Tong, P Gallois, I Hara-Nishimura, AM Jones, et al. 2011. “Morphological Classification of Plant Cell Deaths.” Cell Death and Differentiation 18 (8): 1241–1246.
APA
van Doorn, W., Beers, E., Dangl, J., Franklin-Tong, V., Gallois, P., Hara-Nishimura, I., Jones, A., et al. (2011). Morphological classification of plant cell deaths. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION, 18(8), 1241–1246.
Vancouver
1.
van Doorn W, Beers E, Dangl J, Franklin-Tong V, Gallois P, Hara-Nishimura I, et al. Morphological classification of plant cell deaths. CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION. 2011;18(8):1241–6.
MLA
van Doorn, WG, EP Beers, JL Dangl, et al. “Morphological Classification of Plant Cell Deaths.” CELL DEATH AND DIFFERENTIATION 18.8 (2011): 1241–1246. Print.