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The Gotte Koya IDP mystery: tribal identity and the IDP-migrant continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India)

Bert Suykens (UGent)
(2011) JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. 24(1). p.110-131
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Abstract
In this article the IDP realities in the borderland between two states in central India, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh, are investigated. The conflict in Chhattisgarh between a Maoist insurgent movement, better known as the Naxalites, and a state-sponsored vigilante group, the Salwa Judum, has created an IDP flow in the area. Starting from my own pre-fieldwork misconceptions about the issue, this article shows the complex nature of the IDP question in Andhra Pradesh. First, the territorialization of tribal identity since colonial times produces a problematic reproduction of a difference between outsider Gotte Koya and local Koya by state agents. Secondly, a long history of migration between the two states not only makes this differentiation redundant, it also makes a strict distinction between IDPs and migrants problematic. Rather, this article argues the usefulness of considering an IDP-migrant continuum when studying this type of displacement.
Keywords
FORCED MIGRATION, CRIMINAL TRIBES, REFUGEES, JHARKHAND, DISPLACEMENT, CATEGORIES, STATE, Categorization, territorialization, seasonal migration, Scheduled Tribes, India, Naxalites

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Suykens, Bert. 2011. “The Gotte Koya IDP Mystery: Tribal Identity and the IDP-migrant Continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India).” Journal of Refugee Studies 24 (1): 110–131.
APA
Suykens, Bert. (2011). The Gotte Koya IDP mystery: tribal identity and the IDP-migrant continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India). JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES, 24(1), 110–131.
Vancouver
1.
Suykens B. The Gotte Koya IDP mystery: tribal identity and the IDP-migrant continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India). JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES. 2011;24(1):110–31.
MLA
Suykens, Bert. “The Gotte Koya IDP Mystery: Tribal Identity and the IDP-migrant Continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India).” JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES 24.1 (2011): 110–131. Print.
@article{1859876,
  abstract     = {In this article the IDP realities in the borderland between two states in central India, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh, are investigated. The conflict in Chhattisgarh between a Maoist insurgent movement, better known as the Naxalites, and a state-sponsored vigilante group, the Salwa Judum, has created an IDP flow in the area. Starting from my own pre-fieldwork misconceptions about the issue, this article shows the complex nature of the IDP question in Andhra Pradesh. First, the territorialization of tribal identity since colonial times produces a problematic reproduction of a difference between outsider Gotte Koya and local Koya by state agents. Secondly, a long history of migration between the two states not only makes this differentiation redundant, it also makes a strict distinction between IDPs and migrants problematic. Rather, this article argues the usefulness of considering an IDP-migrant continuum when studying this type of displacement.},
  author       = {Suykens, Bert},
  issn         = {0951-6328},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF REFUGEE STUDIES},
  keywords     = {FORCED MIGRATION,CRIMINAL TRIBES,REFUGEES,JHARKHAND,DISPLACEMENT,CATEGORIES,STATE,Categorization,territorialization,seasonal migration,Scheduled Tribes,India,Naxalites},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {110--131},
  title        = {The Gotte Koya IDP mystery: tribal identity and the IDP-migrant continuum in the Chhattisgarh-Andhra Pradesh Borderland (India)},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feq056},
  volume       = {24},
  year         = {2011},
}

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