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Punctuated equilibrium in the energy regime complex

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Abstract
The concept of a regime complex has proved fruitful to a burgeoning literature in international relations, but it has also opened up new questions about how and why they develop over time. This article describes the history of the energy regime complex as it has changed over the past forty years, and interprets this history in light of an interpretive framework of the sources of institutional change. One of its principal contributions is to highlight what Stephen Krasner referred to as a pattern of "punctuated equilibrium" reflecting both periods of stasis and periods of innovation, as opposed to a gradual process of change. We show that the timing of innovation depends on dissatisfaction and shocks and that the nature of innovation—that is, whether its path-dependent or de novo—depends on interest homogeneity among major actors. This paper is the first to demonstrate the empirical applicability of the punctuated equilibrium concept to international regime complexes, and contributes to the eventual development of a dynamic theory of change in regime complexes.
Keywords
Punctuated equilibrium, Path dependence, Oil, Institutional design, Institutional innovation, Energy, Regime complex, POLITICS, GOVERNANCE

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MLA
Colgan, Jeff D, Robert O Keohane, and Thijs Van de Graaf. “Punctuated Equilibrium in the Energy Regime Complex.” REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 7.2 (2012): 117–143. Print.
APA
Colgan, J. D., Keohane, R. O., & Van de Graaf, T. (2012). Punctuated equilibrium in the energy regime complex. REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, 7(2), 117–143.
Chicago author-date
Colgan, Jeff D, Robert O Keohane, and Thijs Van de Graaf. 2012. “Punctuated Equilibrium in the Energy Regime Complex.” Review of International Organizations 7 (2): 117–143.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Colgan, Jeff D, Robert O Keohane, and Thijs Van de Graaf. 2012. “Punctuated Equilibrium in the Energy Regime Complex.” Review of International Organizations 7 (2): 117–143.
Vancouver
1.
Colgan JD, Keohane RO, Van de Graaf T. Punctuated equilibrium in the energy regime complex. REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS. 2012;7(2):117–43.
IEEE
[1]
J. D. Colgan, R. O. Keohane, and T. Van de Graaf, “Punctuated equilibrium in the energy regime complex,” REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 117–143, 2012.
@article{1856636,
  abstract     = {The concept of a regime complex has proved fruitful to a burgeoning literature in international relations, but it has also opened up new questions about how and why they develop over time. This article describes the history of the energy regime complex as it has changed over the past forty years, and interprets this history in light of an interpretive framework of the sources of institutional change. One of its principal contributions is to highlight what Stephen Krasner referred to as a pattern of "punctuated equilibrium" reflecting both periods of stasis and periods of innovation, as opposed to a gradual process of change. We show that the timing of innovation depends on dissatisfaction and shocks and that the nature of innovation—that is, whether its path-dependent or de novo—depends on interest homogeneity among major actors. This paper is the first to demonstrate the empirical applicability of the punctuated equilibrium concept to international regime complexes, and contributes to the eventual development of a dynamic theory of change in regime complexes.},
  author       = {Colgan, Jeff D and Keohane, Robert O and Van de Graaf, Thijs},
  issn         = {1559-7431},
  journal      = {REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS},
  keywords     = {Punctuated equilibrium,Path dependence,Oil,Institutional design,Institutional innovation,Energy,Regime complex,POLITICS,GOVERNANCE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {117--143},
  title        = {Punctuated equilibrium in the energy regime complex},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11558-011-9130-9},
  volume       = {7},
  year         = {2012},
}

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