Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit traits in Mali

S De Smedt, K Alaerts, AM Kouyate, Patrick Van Damme UGent, G Potters and R Samson (2011) AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS. 82(1). p.87-97
abstract
We analyzed the phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruits from Mali to define the domestication potential of this species. 269 trees, selected from 10 provenances distributed along a rainfall gradient, were characterized. Five fruits were sampled from each tree. Total individual fruit weight was partitioned into shell, pulp, and seed weight. Ratios were calculated between pulp + seed and total weight, and between pulp and seed weight. For all the measured fruit traits, we detected significant differences between provenances, as well as between trees from the same provenance. Assuming that the measured traits are under genetic control, the latter facts indicate that there are considerable opportunities for tree selection on a local scale. However, candidate plus trees with specific properties, e.g., extremely high pulp or seed weight, were found only in some locations. Mean pulp yield per fruit might be considerably increased by selecting the 5% trees with the highest pulp weight (mean: 45 +/- A 1 g, best 5%: > 100 g). The same might be true for seed production (mean: 71 +/- A 2 g, best 5%: > 150 g). Also the ratio between pulp and seed weight can be an important fruit characteristic for selection: in fruits with a low ratio, relatively more pulp sticks to the seeds when separating the two fruit parts by grinding, and thus more pulp will be lost for further processing. We identified several trees with a high pulp weight combined with a high ratio between pulp and seed weight. It is concluded that there is considerable phenotypic variability in traits of baobab fruit in Mali, offering opportunities for cultivar selection.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
TREES, DOMESTICATION, POPULATIONS, PRODUCTS, PATTERNS, CINZANA, AFRICA, BENIN, Domestication, Indigenous fruit trees, Parklands, Tree products
journal title
AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS
Agrofor. Syst.
volume
82
issue
1
pages
87 - 97
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000289477000008
JCR category
FORESTRY
JCR impact factor
1.378 (2011)
JCR rank
18/59 (2011)
JCR quartile
2 (2011)
ISSN
0167-4366
DOI
10.1007/s10457-010-9357-0
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1853266
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1853266
date created
2011-07-06 09:30:56
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:48:49
@article{1853266,
  abstract     = {We analyzed the phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruits from Mali to define the domestication potential of this species. 269 trees, selected from 10 provenances distributed along a rainfall gradient, were characterized. Five fruits were sampled from each tree. Total individual fruit weight was partitioned into shell, pulp, and seed weight. Ratios were calculated between pulp + seed and total weight, and between pulp and seed weight. For all the measured fruit traits, we detected significant differences between provenances, as well as between trees from the same provenance. Assuming that the measured traits are under genetic control, the latter facts indicate that there are considerable opportunities for tree selection on a local scale. However, candidate plus trees with specific properties, e.g., extremely high pulp or seed weight, were found only in some locations. Mean pulp yield per fruit might be considerably increased by selecting the 5\% trees with the highest pulp weight (mean: 45 +/- A 1 g, best 5\%: {\textrangle} 100 g). The same might be true for seed production (mean: 71 +/- A 2 g, best 5\%: {\textrangle} 150 g). Also the ratio between pulp and seed weight can be an important fruit characteristic for selection: in fruits with a low ratio, relatively more pulp sticks to the seeds when separating the two fruit parts by grinding, and thus more pulp will be lost for further processing. We identified several trees with a high pulp weight combined with a high ratio between pulp and seed weight. It is concluded that there is considerable phenotypic variability in traits of baobab fruit in Mali, offering opportunities for cultivar selection.},
  author       = {De Smedt, S and Alaerts, K and Kouyate, AM and Van Damme, Patrick and Potters, G and Samson, R},
  issn         = {0167-4366},
  journal      = {AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS},
  keyword      = {TREES,DOMESTICATION,POPULATIONS,PRODUCTS,PATTERNS,CINZANA,AFRICA,BENIN,Domestication,Indigenous fruit trees,Parklands,Tree products},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {1},
  pages        = {87--97},
  title        = {Phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit traits in Mali},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10457-010-9357-0},
  volume       = {82},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
De Smedt, S, K Alaerts, AM Kouyate, Patrick Van Damme, G Potters, and R Samson. 2011. “Phenotypic Variation of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata L.) Fruit Traits in Mali.” Agroforestry Systems 82 (1): 87–97.
APA
De Smedt, S, Alaerts, K., Kouyate, A., Van Damme, P., Potters, G., & Samson, R. (2011). Phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit traits in Mali. AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS, 82(1), 87–97.
Vancouver
1.
De Smedt S, Alaerts K, Kouyate A, Van Damme P, Potters G, Samson R. Phenotypic variation of baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) fruit traits in Mali. AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS. 2011;82(1):87–97.
MLA
De Smedt, S, K Alaerts, AM Kouyate, et al. “Phenotypic Variation of Baobab (Adansonia Digitata L.) Fruit Traits in Mali.” AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS 82.1 (2011): 87–97. Print.