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Going soft: on how subjective variables explain modal choices for leisure travel

Veronique Van Acker UGent, Patricia Mokhtarian and Frank Witlox UGent (2011) EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH. 11(2). p.115-146
abstract
Most studies on the link between the built environment and modal choice characterize and model this relationship by objectively measureable characteristics such as density and diversity. Recently, within the debate on residential self-selection, attention has also been paid to the importance of subjective influences such as the individual’s perception of the built environment and his/her residential attitudes and preferences, resulting in models that take account of both the objective and subjective characteristics of the built environment. However, self-selection might occur on other points than residential location as well. Expanding the analysis to also include both objective and subjective characteristics at other model levels (i.e., not only stage of life characteristics but also personal lifestyles; not only car availability but also travel attitudes, not only modal choice but also mode specific attitudes) is the purpose of this paper. To this end, a modal choice model for leisure trips is developed using data on personal lifestyles and attitudes, collected via an Internet survey, and estimated using a path model consisting of a set of simultaneous estimated equations between observed variables. While controlling for subjective lifestyles and attitudes, the effects of the built environment and car availability on modal choice can correctly be determined and thus insights into self-selection mechanisms can be gained. Moreover, we compared the results of a model with and without these subjective influences. The results show that subjective characteristics at various model levels are important decisive factors of modal choices for leisure travel.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
path model, self-selection, residential attitudes, modal choice, lifestyles, CAUSALITY, CALIFORNIA, MOBILITY, BEHAVIOR, LAND-USE, BUILT ENVIRONMENT, RESIDENTIAL SELF-SELECTION, MODELING APPROACH, NONWORK TRAVEL, SOCIAL NETWORKS, travel attitudes
journal title
EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH
Eur. J. Transport. Infrastruct. Res.
volume
11
issue
2
pages
115 - 146
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000289343300002
JCR category
TRANSPORTATION
JCR impact factor
0.674 (2011)
JCR rank
22/24 (2011)
JCR quartile
4 (2011)
ISSN
1567-7133
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have retained and own the full copyright for this publication
id
1849426
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1849426
date created
2011-06-30 14:26:17
date last changed
2015-06-17 09:48:31
@article{1849426,
  abstract     = {Most studies on the link between the built environment and modal choice characterize and model this relationship by objectively measureable characteristics such as density and diversity. Recently, within the debate on residential self-selection, attention has also been paid to the importance of subjective influences such as  the individual{\textquoteright}s perception of the built environment and his/her residential attitudes and preferences, resulting in models that take account of both the objective and subjective characteristics of the built environment. However, self-selection might occur on other points than residential location as well. Expanding the analysis to also include both objective and subjective characteristics at other model levels (i.e., not only stage of life characteristics but also personal lifestyles; not only car availability but also travel attitudes, not only modal choice but also mode specific attitudes) is the purpose of this paper. To this end, a modal choice model for leisure trips is developed using data on personal lifestyles and attitudes, collected via an Internet survey, and estimated using a path model consisting of a set of simultaneous estimated equations between observed variables. While controlling for subjective lifestyles and attitudes, the effects of the built environment and car availability on modal choice can correctly be determined and thus insights into self-selection mechanisms can be gained. Moreover, we compared the results of a model with and without these subjective influences. The results show that subjective characteristics at various model levels are important decisive factors of modal choices for leisure travel.},
  author       = {Van Acker, Veronique and Mokhtarian, Patricia and Witlox, Frank},
  issn         = {1567-7133},
  journal      = {EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {path model,self-selection,residential attitudes,modal choice,lifestyles,CAUSALITY,CALIFORNIA,MOBILITY,BEHAVIOR,LAND-USE,BUILT ENVIRONMENT,RESIDENTIAL SELF-SELECTION,MODELING APPROACH,NONWORK TRAVEL,SOCIAL NETWORKS,travel attitudes},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {115--146},
  title        = {Going soft: on how subjective variables explain modal choices for leisure travel},
  volume       = {11},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Van Acker, Veronique, Patricia Mokhtarian, and Frank Witlox. 2011. “Going Soft: On How Subjective Variables Explain Modal Choices for Leisure Travel.” European Journal of Transport and Infrastructure Research 11 (2): 115–146.
APA
Van Acker, Veronique, Mokhtarian, P., & Witlox, F. (2011). Going soft: on how subjective variables explain modal choices for leisure travel. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH, 11(2), 115–146.
Vancouver
1.
Van Acker V, Mokhtarian P, Witlox F. Going soft: on how subjective variables explain modal choices for leisure travel. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH. 2011;11(2):115–46.
MLA
Van Acker, Veronique, Patricia Mokhtarian, and Frank Witlox. “Going Soft: On How Subjective Variables Explain Modal Choices for Leisure Travel.” EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPORT AND INFRASTRUCTURE RESEARCH 11.2 (2011): 115–146. Print.