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Variation of inflammatory dynamics and mediators in primiparous cows after intramammary challenge with Escherichia coli

Adel Pezeshki UGent, Philippe Stordeur, Hugues Wallemacq, Frederic Schynts, Mieke Stevens UGent, Philippe Boutet, Luc Peelman UGent, Bart De Spiegeleer UGent, Luc Duchateau UGent and Fabrice Bureau, et al. (2011) VETERINARY RESEARCH. 42.
abstract
The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production of eicosanoids and inflammatory indicators, and (ii) the validity of thermography to evaluate temperature changes on udder skin surface after experimentally induced E. coli mastitis. Nine primiparous Holstein Friesian cows were inoculated 24 +/- 6 days (d) after parturition in both left quarters with E. coli P4 serotype O32:H37. Blood and milk samples were collected before and after challenge with E. coli. The infrared images were taken from the caudal view of the udder following challenge with E. coli. No relationship was detected between severity of mastitis and changes of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and lipoxin A4 (LXA4). However, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was related to systemic disease severity during E. coli mastitis. Moreover, reduced somatic cell count (SCC), fewer circulating basophils, increased concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and higher milk sodium and lower milk potassium concentrations were related to systemic disease severity. The thermal camera was capable of detecting 2-3 degrees C temperature changes on udder skin surface of cows inoculated with E. coli. Peak of udder skin temperature occurred after peak of rectal temperature and appearance of local signs of induced E. coli mastitis. Although infrared thermography was a successful method for detecting the changes in udder skin surface temperature following intramammary challenge with E. coli, it did not show to be a promising tool for early detection of mastitis.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
MILK, LEUKOCYTES, EXPRESSION, PHAGOCYTOSIS, BOVINE MASTITIS, INDUCED MASTITIS, DAIRY-COWS, MAMMARY BLOOD-FLOW, ARACHIDONIC-ACID METABOLITES, RESPIRATORY BURST ACTIVITY
journal title
VETERINARY RESEARCH
Vet. Res.
volume
42
article_number
15
pages
10 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000290659600004
JCR category
VETERINARY SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
4.06 (2011)
JCR rank
1/141 (2011)
JCR quartile
1 (2011)
ISSN
0928-4249
DOI
10.1186/1297-9716-42-15
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1849324
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1849324
date created
2011-06-30 13:59:57
date last changed
2011-07-27 16:01:30
@article{1849324,
  abstract     = {The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production of eicosanoids and inflammatory indicators, and (ii) the validity of thermography to evaluate temperature changes on udder skin surface after experimentally induced E. coli mastitis. Nine primiparous Holstein Friesian cows were inoculated 24 +/- 6 days (d) after parturition in both left quarters with E. coli P4 serotype O32:H37. Blood and milk samples were collected before and after challenge with E. coli. The infrared images were taken from the caudal view of the udder following challenge with E. coli. No relationship was detected between severity of mastitis and changes of thromboxane B2 (TXB2), leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and lipoxin A4 (LXA4). However, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) was related to systemic disease severity during E. coli mastitis. Moreover, reduced somatic cell count (SCC), fewer circulating basophils, increased concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and higher milk sodium and lower milk potassium concentrations were related to systemic disease severity. The thermal camera was capable of detecting 2-3 degrees C temperature changes on udder skin surface of cows inoculated with E. coli. Peak of udder skin temperature occurred after peak of rectal temperature and appearance of local signs of induced E. coli mastitis. Although infrared thermography was a successful method for detecting the changes in udder skin surface temperature following intramammary challenge with E. coli, it did not show to be a promising tool for early detection of mastitis.},
  articleno    = {15},
  author       = {Pezeshki, Adel and Stordeur, Philippe and Wallemacq, Hugues and Schynts, Frederic and Stevens, Mieke and Boutet, Philippe and Peelman, Luc and De Spiegeleer, Bart and Duchateau, Luc and Bureau, Fabrice and Burvenich, Christian},
  issn         = {0928-4249},
  journal      = {VETERINARY RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {MILK,LEUKOCYTES,EXPRESSION,PHAGOCYTOSIS,BOVINE MASTITIS,INDUCED MASTITIS,DAIRY-COWS,MAMMARY BLOOD-FLOW,ARACHIDONIC-ACID METABOLITES,RESPIRATORY BURST ACTIVITY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {10},
  title        = {Variation of inflammatory dynamics and mediators in primiparous cows after intramammary challenge with Escherichia coli},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1297-9716-42-15},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Pezeshki, Adel, Philippe Stordeur, Hugues Wallemacq, Frederic Schynts, Mieke Stevens, Philippe Boutet, Luc Peelman, et al. 2011. “Variation of Inflammatory Dynamics and Mediators in Primiparous Cows After Intramammary Challenge with Escherichia Coli.” Veterinary Research 42.
APA
Pezeshki, A., Stordeur, P., Wallemacq, H., Schynts, F., Stevens, M., Boutet, P., Peelman, L., et al. (2011). Variation of inflammatory dynamics and mediators in primiparous cows after intramammary challenge with Escherichia coli. VETERINARY RESEARCH, 42.
Vancouver
1.
Pezeshki A, Stordeur P, Wallemacq H, Schynts F, Stevens M, Boutet P, et al. Variation of inflammatory dynamics and mediators in primiparous cows after intramammary challenge with Escherichia coli. VETERINARY RESEARCH. 2011;42.
MLA
Pezeshki, Adel, Philippe Stordeur, Hugues Wallemacq, et al. “Variation of Inflammatory Dynamics and Mediators in Primiparous Cows After Intramammary Challenge with Escherichia Coli.” VETERINARY RESEARCH 42 (2011): n. pag. Print.