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Why do Euphorbiaceae tick as medicinal plants?: a review of Euphorbiaceae family and its medicinal features

Tedson Julius Mwine UGent and Patrick Van Damme UGent (2011) JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH. 5(5). p.652-662
abstract
Euphorbiaceae is among the large flowering plant families consisting of a wide variety of vegetative forms some of which are plants of great importance. Its classification and chemistry have of late been subjects of interest possibly because of the wide variety of chemical composition of its members, many of which are poisonous but useful. In this review, we have tried to demonstrate why Euphorbiaceae are important medicinal plants. Two important issues have come up. The worldwide distribution of the family exposes its members, to all sorts of habitats to which they must adapt, therefore inducing a large variety of chemicals (secondary substances) that are employed for survival/defense. Succulence and the CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism) pathway that characterize a good number of its members were quoted as some of the adaptations that aid colonization and survival to achieve this induction. We have also found out that medicinal properties of some of its species may be due to stress factors that characterize most habitats of the family. Varying stress factors like temperature, salinity, drought and others were seen to operate in tandem with genetic factors such as gene expression and mutation loads to bring about synthesis of a wide assemblage of secondary substances that may probably be responsible for the family's medicinal nature. It was concluded that the family is a good starting point for the search for plant-based medicines.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
ethnomedicine, Bio-synthesis, secondary metabolites, stress physiology, CRASSULACEAN ACID METABOLISM, MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS, JATROPHA-CURCAS L, SECONDARY METABOLITES, ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY, ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITIES, BIODIESEL PRODUCTION, CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY
journal title
JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH
J. Med. Plants Res.
volume
5
issue
5
pages
652 - 662
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000292689300001
ISSN
1996-0875
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
1849112
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-1849112
alternative location
http://www.academicjournals.org/jmpr/PDF/pdf2011/4Mar/Mwine%20and%20Van%20Damme.pdf
http://www.academicjournals.org/jmpr/abstracts/abstracts/abstracts2011/4Mar/Mwine%20and%20Van%20Damme.htm
date created
2011-06-30 13:14:41
date last changed
2012-04-26 16:43:37
@article{1849112,
  abstract     = {Euphorbiaceae is among the large flowering plant families consisting of a wide variety of vegetative forms some of which are plants of great importance. Its classification and chemistry have of late been subjects of interest possibly because of the wide variety of chemical composition of its members, many of which are poisonous but useful. In this review, we have tried to demonstrate why Euphorbiaceae are important medicinal plants. Two important issues have come up. The worldwide distribution of the family exposes its members, to all sorts of habitats to which they must adapt, therefore inducing a large variety of chemicals (secondary substances) that are employed for survival/defense. Succulence and the CAM (crassulacean acid metabolism) pathway that characterize a good number of its members were quoted as some of the adaptations that aid colonization and survival to achieve this induction. We have also found out that medicinal properties of some of its species may be due to stress factors that characterize most habitats of the family. Varying stress factors like temperature, salinity, drought and others were seen to operate in tandem with genetic factors such as gene expression and mutation loads to bring about synthesis of a wide assemblage of secondary substances that may probably be responsible for the family's medicinal nature. It was concluded that the family is a good starting point for the search for plant-based medicines.},
  author       = {Mwine, Tedson Julius and Van Damme, Patrick},
  issn         = {1996-0875},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH},
  keyword      = {ethnomedicine,Bio-synthesis,secondary metabolites,stress physiology,CRASSULACEAN ACID METABOLISM,MOLECULAR PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS,JATROPHA-CURCAS L,SECONDARY METABOLITES,ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES,ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY,ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITIES,BIODIESEL PRODUCTION,CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION,CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITY},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5},
  pages        = {652--662},
  title        = {Why do Euphorbiaceae tick as medicinal plants?: a review of Euphorbiaceae family and its medicinal features},
  url          = {http://www.academicjournals.org/jmpr/PDF/pdf2011/4Mar/Mwine\%20and\%20Van\%20Damme.pdf},
  volume       = {5},
  year         = {2011},
}

Chicago
Mwine, Tedson Julius, and Patrick Van Damme. 2011. “Why Do Euphorbiaceae Tick as Medicinal Plants?: a Review of Euphorbiaceae Family and Its Medicinal Features.” Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5 (5): 652–662.
APA
Mwine, T. J., & Van Damme, P. (2011). Why do Euphorbiaceae tick as medicinal plants?: a review of Euphorbiaceae family and its medicinal features. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH, 5(5), 652–662.
Vancouver
1.
Mwine TJ, Van Damme P. Why do Euphorbiaceae tick as medicinal plants?: a review of Euphorbiaceae family and its medicinal features. JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH. 2011;5(5):652–62.
MLA
Mwine, Tedson Julius, and Patrick Van Damme. “Why Do Euphorbiaceae Tick as Medicinal Plants?: a Review of Euphorbiaceae Family and Its Medicinal Features.” JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL PLANTS RESEARCH 5.5 (2011): 652–662. Print.