Advanced search

Prepaid tickets to ride to the New World: the New York continental conference and transatlantic steerage fares 1885-1895

Torsten Feys (UGent)
(2008) REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA. 26(2). p.173-204
Author
Organization
Abstract
This article surveys the situation of the shipping cartels (conferences) which regulated transatlantic migrant transport from the European Continent to the United States. The focus of the article is to identify the internal and external pressures underlying these agreements and the strategies employed to neutralize these pressures. The author reaches the conclusion that a pool agreement was essential for the effectiveness of the Conference, which was both a means of horizontal integration regulating the competition between shipping companies and a means of vertical integration to gain control over the transatlantic migrant agent network selling the ocean passage tickets. The author also correlates the efficiency of the agreements with steerage fares and migration costs.
Keywords
steerage fares, maritime networks 19(th) century, shipping cartels, migration

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Feys, Torsten. 2008. “Prepaid Tickets to Ride to the New World: The New York Continental Conference and Transatlantic Steerage Fares 1885-1895.” Revista De Historia Economica 26 (2): 173–204.
APA
Feys, Torsten. (2008). Prepaid tickets to ride to the New World: the New York continental conference and transatlantic steerage fares 1885-1895. REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA, 26(2), 173–204.
Vancouver
1.
Feys T. Prepaid tickets to ride to the New World: the New York continental conference and transatlantic steerage fares 1885-1895. REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA. 2008;26(2):173–204.
MLA
Feys, Torsten. “Prepaid Tickets to Ride to the New World: The New York Continental Conference and Transatlantic Steerage Fares 1885-1895.” REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA 26.2 (2008): 173–204. Print.
@article{1849002,
  abstract     = {This article surveys the situation of the shipping cartels (conferences) which regulated transatlantic migrant transport from the European Continent to the United States. The focus of the article is to identify the internal and external pressures underlying these agreements and the strategies employed to neutralize these pressures. The author reaches the conclusion that a pool agreement was essential for the effectiveness of the Conference, which was both a means of horizontal integration regulating the competition between shipping companies and a means of vertical integration to gain control over the transatlantic migrant agent network selling the ocean passage tickets. The author also correlates the efficiency of the agreements with steerage fares and migration costs.},
  author       = {Feys, Torsten},
  issn         = {0212-6109},
  journal      = {REVISTA DE HISTORIA ECONOMICA},
  keyword      = {steerage fares,maritime networks 19(th) century,shipping cartels,migration},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {173--204},
  title        = {Prepaid tickets to ride to the New World: the New York continental conference and transatlantic steerage fares 1885-1895},
  volume       = {26},
  year         = {2008},
}

Web of Science
Times cited: