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Dietary sources of fiber intake and its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschool children

Yi Lin (UGent) , Selin Bolca (UGent) , Stefanie Vandevijvere, Willem De Keyzer (UGent) , Herman Van Oyen (UGent) , John Van Camp (UGent) , Gui De Backer (UGent) , Stefaan De Henauw (UGent) and Inge Huybrechts (UGent)
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Organization
Abstract
The objectives were to assess total dietary fiber intake, identify the major sources of dietary fiber, and examine its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschoolers. Three-day estimated dietary records were collected from a representative sample of preschoolers 2.5-6.5 years old (n = 661; 338 boys, 323 girls). The mean dietary fiber intake (13.4 g/d) was lower than the intake level recommended by the Belgian Superior Health Council (70% boys and 81% girls below the guidelines). The most important contributor was the group of bread and cereals (29.5%), followed by fruits (17.8%), potatoes and grains (16.0%), energy-dense, low-nutritious foods (12.4%), and vegetables (11.8%). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that total fiber intake was associated with maternal education and parents' employment. Overall, fiber intakes from high-nutritious foods (vegetables and fruits) were higher in preschoolers of higher educated mothers and those with one or both parents being employed. In conclusion, the majority of the preschoolers had dietary fiber intakes below the recommended level. Hence, dietary fiber should be promoted among parents of preschoolers and low socio-economic status families should be addressed in particular.
Keywords
LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY, NUTRIENT ADEQUACY, BODY-MASS INDEX, Belgium, socio-economic status, preschool children, NUTRITIONAL-STATUS, CONSUMPTION, QUALITY, WEIGHT, ENERGY, US CHILDREN, dietary fiber intake, SPANISH CHILDREN

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MLA
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, et al. “Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-economic Factors Among Flemish Preschool Children.” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES 12.3 (2011): 1836–1853. Print.
APA
Lin, Y., Bolca, S., Vandevijvere, S., De Keyzer, W., Van Oyen, H., Van Camp, J., De Backer, G., et al. (2011). Dietary sources of fiber intake and its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschool children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, 12(3), 1836–1853.
Chicago author-date
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Willem De Keyzer, Herman Van Oyen, John Van Camp, Gui De Backer, Stefaan De Henauw, and Inge Huybrechts. 2011. “Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-economic Factors Among Flemish Preschool Children.” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12 (3): 1836–1853.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Lin, Yi, Selin Bolca, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Willem De Keyzer, Herman Van Oyen, John Van Camp, Gui De Backer, Stefaan De Henauw, and Inge Huybrechts. 2011. “Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-economic Factors Among Flemish Preschool Children.” International Journal of Molecular Sciences 12 (3): 1836–1853.
Vancouver
1.
Lin Y, Bolca S, Vandevijvere S, De Keyzer W, Van Oyen H, Van Camp J, et al. Dietary sources of fiber intake and its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschool children. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. 2011;12(3):1836–53.
IEEE
[1]
Y. Lin et al., “Dietary sources of fiber intake and its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschool children,” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1836–1853, 2011.
@article{1848243,
  abstract     = {The objectives were to assess total dietary fiber intake, identify the major sources of dietary fiber, and examine its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschoolers. Three-day estimated dietary records were collected from a representative sample of preschoolers 2.5-6.5 years old (n = 661; 338 boys, 323 girls). The mean dietary fiber intake (13.4 g/d) was lower than the intake level recommended by the Belgian Superior Health Council (70% boys and 81% girls below the guidelines). The most important contributor was the group of bread and cereals (29.5%), followed by fruits (17.8%), potatoes and grains (16.0%), energy-dense, low-nutritious foods (12.4%), and vegetables (11.8%). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that total fiber intake was associated with maternal education and parents' employment. Overall, fiber intakes from high-nutritious foods (vegetables and fruits) were higher in preschoolers of higher educated mothers and those with one or both parents being employed. In conclusion, the majority of the preschoolers had dietary fiber intakes below the recommended level. Hence, dietary fiber should be promoted among parents of preschoolers and low socio-economic status families should be addressed in particular.},
  author       = {Lin, Yi and Bolca, Selin and Vandevijvere, Stefanie and De Keyzer, Willem and Van Oyen, Herman and Van Camp, John and De Backer, Gui and De Henauw, Stefaan and Huybrechts, Inge},
  issn         = {1422-0067},
  journal      = {INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES},
  keywords     = {LIQUID-CHROMATOGRAPHY,NUTRIENT ADEQUACY,BODY-MASS INDEX,Belgium,socio-economic status,preschool children,NUTRITIONAL-STATUS,CONSUMPTION,QUALITY,WEIGHT,ENERGY,US CHILDREN,dietary fiber intake,SPANISH CHILDREN},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3},
  pages        = {1836--1853},
  title        = {Dietary sources of fiber intake and its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschool children},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijms12031836},
  volume       = {12},
  year         = {2011},
}

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