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Fibre intake among the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and its association with BMI and waist circumference

Yi Lin (UGent) , Inge Huybrechts (UGent) , Stefanie Vandevijvere, Selin Bolca (UGent) , Willem De Keyzer (UGent) , Stephanie De Vriese , Anja Polet (UGent) , Melissa De Neve (UGent) , Herman Van Oyen (UGent) , John Van Camp (UGent) , et al.
(2011) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 105(11). p.1692-1703
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Abstract
The objectives of the present study were to assess total dietary fibre intake and the main contributors to fibre intake in the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and to investigate its relationship with BMI and waist circumference (WC). The participants of the Belgian food consumption survey (2004) were randomly selected. Information about food intake was collected using two repeated, non-consecutive 24 h recall interviews. A total of 3083 individuals (>= 15 years; 1546 men and 1537 women) completed both interviews. The main contributors to total fibre intake (17.8 g/d) were cereals and cereal products (34%; 5.9 g/d), potatoes and other tubers (18.6%; 3.3 g/d), fruits (14.7%; 2.8 g/d) and vegetables (14.4%; 2.6 g/d). Legume fibre intake was extremely low (0.672%; 0.139 g/d). In all sex-age and sex-education groups, total fibre intake was below the recommendations of the Belgian Superior Health Council. Men (21 g/d) consumed significantly more fibre than women (17.3 g/d) (P < 0.001). Lower educated men and higher educated women reported the highest fibre intake. A significant inverse association was found between total fibre intake and WC (beta = -0.118, P < 0.001). Fruit-derived fibre was positively associated with WC (beta = 0.731, P=0.001). In summary, total fibre intake was inversely associated with WC, whereas fruit-derived fibre intake was positively associated with WC in the Belgian population.
Keywords
Waist circumference, Food consumption surveys, BMI, BODY-MASS INDEX, TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS, DIETARY GLYCEMIC INDEX, TO-HIP RATIO, METABOLIC SYNDROME, WHOLE-GRAIN, NUTRIENT INTAKE, BREAKFAST CONSUMPTION, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, LONGITUDINAL CHANGES, Dietary fibre

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Chicago
Lin, Yi, Inge Huybrechts, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Selin Bolca, Willem De Keyzer, Stephanie De Vriese , Anja Polet, et al. 2011. “Fibre Intake Among the Belgian Population by Sex-age and Sex-education Groups and Its Association with BMI and Waist Circumference.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (11): 1692–1703.
APA
Lin, Y., Huybrechts, I., Vandevijvere, S., Bolca, S., De Keyzer, W., De Vriese , S., Polet, A., et al. (2011). Fibre intake among the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and its association with BMI and waist circumference. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 105(11), 1692–1703.
Vancouver
1.
Lin Y, Huybrechts I, Vandevijvere S, Bolca S, De Keyzer W, De Vriese S, et al. Fibre intake among the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and its association with BMI and waist circumference. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2011;105(11):1692–703.
MLA
Lin, Yi, Inge Huybrechts, Stefanie Vandevijvere, et al. “Fibre Intake Among the Belgian Population by Sex-age and Sex-education Groups and Its Association with BMI and Waist Circumference.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 105.11 (2011): 1692–1703. Print.
@article{1848230,
  abstract     = {The objectives of the present study were to assess total dietary fibre intake and the main contributors to fibre intake in the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and to investigate its relationship with BMI and waist circumference (WC). The participants of the Belgian food consumption survey (2004) were randomly selected. Information about food intake was collected using two repeated, non-consecutive 24 h recall interviews. A total of 3083 individuals ({\textrangle}= 15 years; 1546 men and 1537 women) completed both interviews. The main contributors to total fibre intake (17.8 g/d) were cereals and cereal products (34\%; 5.9 g/d), potatoes and other tubers (18.6\%; 3.3 g/d), fruits (14.7\%; 2.8 g/d) and vegetables (14.4\%; 2.6 g/d). Legume fibre intake was extremely low (0.672\%; 0.139 g/d). In all sex-age and sex-education groups, total fibre intake was below the recommendations of the Belgian Superior Health Council. Men (21 g/d) consumed significantly more fibre than women (17.3 g/d) (P {\textlangle} 0.001). Lower educated men and higher educated women reported the highest fibre intake. A significant inverse association was found between total fibre intake and WC (beta = -0.118, P {\textlangle} 0.001). Fruit-derived fibre was positively associated with WC (beta = 0.731, P=0.001). In summary, total fibre intake was inversely associated with WC, whereas fruit-derived fibre intake was positively associated with WC in the Belgian population.},
  author       = {Lin, Yi and Huybrechts, Inge and Vandevijvere, Stefanie and Bolca, Selin and De Keyzer, Willem and De Vriese , Stephanie and Polet, Anja and De Neve, Melissa and Van Oyen, Herman and Van Camp, John and De Backer, Gui and De Henauw, Stefaan},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1692--1703},
  title        = {Fibre intake among the Belgian population by sex-age and sex-education groups and its association with BMI and waist circumference},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510005088},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}

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