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Characteristics of energy under-reporting in children and adolescents

(2011) BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 105(11). p.1671-1680
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Abstract
Under-reporting (UR) of food intake is an issue of concern, as it may distort the relationships studied between diet and health. This topic has been scarcely addressed in children. The objective of the study was to assess the extent of UR in French children and investigate associated covariates. A total of 1455 children aged 3-17 years were taken from the nationally representative cross-sectional French etude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires (INCA2) dietary survey (2006-7). Food intake was reported in a 7d diet record. Socio-economic status, sedentary behaviour, weight perception variables and food habits were collected by questionnaires. Weight and height were measured. Under-reporters were identified according to the Goldberg criterion adapted to children. Multivariate logistic regressions investigated the associations between UR and covariates. Rates of under-reporters were 4.9 and 26.0% in children aged 3-10 and 11-17 years, respectively (P < 0.0001), without significant differences between boys and girls. Overall, UR was positively associated with a lower socio-economic status, overweight, skipping breakfast and dinner, a higher contribution of proteins to energy intake (EI), and a lower contribution of simple carbohydrates to EI. Under-reporters aged 3-10 years also had a higher sedentary behaviour and a lower snack-eating frequency. In adolescents, UR was also associated with a less-frequent school canteen attendance, a perception of being overweight, a wish to weigh less, and current and past restrictive diets. In conclusion, under-reporters differ from plausible reporters in several characteristics related to diet, lifestyle, weight status and socio-economic status. Therefore, it is important to consider this differential UR bias when investigating diet-disease associations in children.
Keywords
FOOD-INTAKE, OVERWEIGHT, METABOLIC-RATE, GOLDBERG CUTOFF, PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY, NONOBESE ADOLESCENTS, BODY-COMPOSITION, SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS, DIETARY-INTAKE, OLD GERMAN CHILDREN, Adolescents, Children, Energy intake, Under-reporting, Dietary surveys

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Chicago
Lioret, Sandrine, Mathilde Touvier, Morgan Balin, Inge Huybrechts, Carine Dubuisson, Ariane Dufour, Mélanie Bertin, Bernard Maire, and Lionel Lafay. 2011. “Characteristics of Energy Under-reporting in Children and Adolescents.” British Journal of Nutrition 105 (11): 1671–1680.
APA
Lioret, S., Touvier, M., Balin, M., Huybrechts, I., Dubuisson, C., Dufour, A., Bertin, M., et al. (2011). Characteristics of energy under-reporting in children and adolescents. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, 105(11), 1671–1680.
Vancouver
1.
Lioret S, Touvier M, Balin M, Huybrechts I, Dubuisson C, Dufour A, et al. Characteristics of energy under-reporting in children and adolescents. BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 2011;105(11):1671–80.
MLA
Lioret, Sandrine, Mathilde Touvier, Morgan Balin, et al. “Characteristics of Energy Under-reporting in Children and Adolescents.” BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION 105.11 (2011): 1671–1680. Print.
@article{1848193,
  abstract     = {Under-reporting (UR) of food intake is an issue of concern, as it may distort the relationships studied between diet and health. This topic has been scarcely addressed in children. The objective of the study was to assess the extent of UR in French children and investigate associated covariates. A total of 1455 children aged 3-17 years were taken from the nationally representative cross-sectional French etude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires (INCA2) dietary survey (2006-7). Food intake was reported in a 7d diet record. Socio-economic status, sedentary behaviour, weight perception variables and food habits were collected by questionnaires. Weight and height were measured. Under-reporters were identified according to the Goldberg criterion adapted to children. Multivariate logistic regressions investigated the associations between UR and covariates. Rates of under-reporters were 4.9 and 26.0\% in children aged 3-10 and 11-17 years, respectively (P {\textlangle} 0.0001), without significant differences between boys and girls. Overall, UR was positively associated with a lower socio-economic status, overweight, skipping breakfast and dinner, a higher contribution of proteins to energy intake (EI), and a lower contribution of simple carbohydrates to EI. Under-reporters aged 3-10 years also had a higher sedentary behaviour and a lower snack-eating frequency. In adolescents, UR was also associated with a less-frequent school canteen attendance, a perception of being overweight, a wish to weigh less, and current and past restrictive diets. In conclusion, under-reporters differ from plausible reporters in several characteristics related to diet, lifestyle, weight status and socio-economic status. Therefore, it is important to consider this differential UR bias when investigating diet-disease associations in children.},
  author       = {Lioret, Sandrine and Touvier, Mathilde and Balin, Morgan and Huybrechts, Inge and Dubuisson, Carine and Dufour, Ariane and Bertin, M{\'e}lanie and Maire, Bernard and Lafay, Lionel},
  issn         = {0007-1145},
  journal      = {BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION},
  keyword      = {FOOD-INTAKE,OVERWEIGHT,METABOLIC-RATE,GOLDBERG CUTOFF,PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY,NONOBESE ADOLESCENTS,BODY-COMPOSITION,SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS,DIETARY-INTAKE,OLD GERMAN CHILDREN,Adolescents,Children,Energy intake,Under-reporting,Dietary surveys},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {11},
  pages        = {1671--1680},
  title        = {Characteristics of energy under-reporting in children and adolescents},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0007114510005465},
  volume       = {105},
  year         = {2011},
}

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