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Evidence for posttranscriptional activation of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase during plant stress responses

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Abstract
Glutathione (GSH) is a key component of plant antioxidant defenses. We have sought to determine how the rate-limiting step in GSH biosynthesis, catalyzed by gamma-glutamylcysteine synthase (gamma ECS) is regulated in Arabidopsis. Functional complementation of a yeast mutant deficient in this enzyme with an Arabidopsis expression library yielded two cDNAs with sequence identical to the previously described At gamma ECS, Nevertheless, the cellular concentration of GSH in these transformants was only 10% of wild-type concentrations and this was not a result of Cys availability. To explore the possibility that Arabidopsis gamma ECS requires additional factors for full catalytic activity, we analyzed the GSH levels and the enzyme activities and transcript levels of both enzymes of the GSH biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis suspension cultures subjected to a variety of stresses that raise GSH levels. Our results demonstrate rapid posttranscriptional activation of Arabidopsis gamma ECS. The implications of these findings for the mechanisms by which GSH concentrations are regulated during plant-stress responses are discussed.
Keywords
YAP-1 TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION, OXIDATIVE STRESS, SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE, glutathione, TARGET GENE, GLUTATHIONE METABOLISM, CELLS, CULTIVARS, YEAST, Arabidopsis thaliana, SULFUR

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Citation

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Chicago
May, Mike, Teva Vernoux, Rocío Sánchez-Fernández, Marc Van Montagu, and Dirk Inzé. 1998. “Evidence for Posttranscriptional Activation of Γ-glutamylcysteine Synthetase During Plant Stress Responses.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 95 (20): 12049–12054.
APA
May, Mike, Vernoux, T., Sánchez-Fernández, R., Van Montagu, M., & Inzé, D. (1998). Evidence for posttranscriptional activation of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase during plant stress responses. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 95(20), 12049–12054.
Vancouver
1.
May M, Vernoux T, Sánchez-Fernández R, Van Montagu M, Inzé D. Evidence for posttranscriptional activation of γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase during plant stress responses. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. 1998;95(20):12049–54.
MLA
May, Mike, Teva Vernoux, Rocío Sánchez-Fernández, et al. “Evidence for Posttranscriptional Activation of Γ-glutamylcysteine Synthetase During Plant Stress Responses.” PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 95.20 (1998): 12049–12054. Print.
@article{180080,
  abstract     = {Glutathione (GSH) is a key component of plant antioxidant defenses. We have sought to determine how the rate-limiting step in GSH biosynthesis, catalyzed by gamma-glutamylcysteine synthase (gamma ECS) is regulated in Arabidopsis. Functional complementation of a yeast mutant deficient in this enzyme with an Arabidopsis expression library yielded two cDNAs with sequence identical to the previously described At gamma ECS, Nevertheless, the cellular concentration of GSH in these transformants was only 10\% of wild-type concentrations and this was not a result of Cys availability. To explore the possibility that Arabidopsis gamma ECS requires additional factors for full catalytic activity, we analyzed the GSH levels and the enzyme activities and transcript levels of both enzymes of the GSH biosynthetic pathway in Arabidopsis suspension cultures subjected to a variety of stresses that raise GSH levels. Our results demonstrate rapid posttranscriptional activation of Arabidopsis gamma ECS. The implications of these findings for the mechanisms by which GSH concentrations are regulated during plant-stress responses are discussed.},
  author       = {May, Mike and Vernoux, Teva and S{\'a}nchez-Fern{\'a}ndez, Roc{\'i}o and Van Montagu, Marc and Inz{\'e}, Dirk},
  issn         = {0027-8424},
  journal      = {PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA},
  keyword      = {YAP-1 TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATION,OXIDATIVE STRESS,SACCHAROMYCES-CEREVISIAE,glutathione,TARGET GENE,GLUTATHIONE METABOLISM,CELLS,CULTIVARS,YEAST,Arabidopsis thaliana,SULFUR},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {20},
  pages        = {12049--12054},
  title        = {Evidence for posttranscriptional activation of \ensuremath{\gamma}-glutamylcysteine synthetase during plant stress responses},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.95.20.12049},
  volume       = {95},
  year         = {1998},
}

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