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Cell cycle regulation by plant growth regulators: involvement of auxin and cytokinin in the re-entry of Petunia protoplasts into the cell cycle

(1998) PLANTA. 206(2). p.215-224
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Abstract
In order to understand the mode of action of auxins and cytokinins in the induction of cell division, the effects of the two plant growth regulators 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and N-6-benzyladenine (BA) were investigated using mesophyll protoplasts of Petunia hybrida, cultivated in either complete medium or in medium deficient in cytokinin, auxin or both. Firstly we studied DNA synthesis, using 5-bromodeoxyuridine/bisbenzimide Hoechst/propidium iodide flow cytometry analyses and by the monitoring of histone H4 transcript levels. Roscovitine, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, was found to block the cell cycle prior to entry into the S and M phases in the cultured P. hybrida protoplasts. This suggests that in Petunia cells there is a requirement for CDK activity in order to complete the G1 and G2 phases. Further experiments using roscovitine showed that neither 2,4-D nor BA were individually able to induce cell cycle progression beyond the roscovitine G1 arrest. We also monitored the phytohormonal induction of S phase by studying variations in transcript levels of the gene for mitogenactivated protein kinase (PMEK1) and transcript levels of the cell division cycle gene cdc2Pet. Only 2,4-D, and not BA, was able to stimulate PMEK1 gene transcription; thus, the more rapid S-phase induction in 2,4-D-treated protoplasts may be attributable to the activation of this transduction pathway. In contrast, both plant growth regulators were required to induce the appearance of cdc2Pet mRNA transcripts prior to S-phase engagement.
Keywords
plant growth regulator, Petunia (cell cycle), roscovitine, PROTEIN-KINASE, DEPENDENT KINASES, MAP KINASE, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, RESTRICTION POINT, CDNA CLONE, INHIBITOR, GENES, STRESS, SIGNAL, mitogen-activated protein kinase, cell cycle, cdc2Pet

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Citation

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Chicago
Tréhin, Christophe, Séverine Planchais, Nathalie Glab, Claudette Perennes, James Tregear, and Catherine Bergounioux. 1998. “Cell Cycle Regulation by Plant Growth Regulators: Involvement of Auxin and Cytokinin in the Re-entry of Petunia Protoplasts into the Cell Cycle.” Planta 206 (2): 215–224.
APA
Tréhin, C., Planchais, S., Glab, N., Perennes, C., Tregear, J., & Bergounioux, C. (1998). Cell cycle regulation by plant growth regulators: involvement of auxin and cytokinin in the re-entry of Petunia protoplasts into the cell cycle. PLANTA, 206(2), 215–224.
Vancouver
1.
Tréhin C, Planchais S, Glab N, Perennes C, Tregear J, Bergounioux C. Cell cycle regulation by plant growth regulators: involvement of auxin and cytokinin in the re-entry of Petunia protoplasts into the cell cycle. PLANTA. 1998;206(2):215–24.
MLA
Tréhin, Christophe, Séverine Planchais, Nathalie Glab, et al. “Cell Cycle Regulation by Plant Growth Regulators: Involvement of Auxin and Cytokinin in the Re-entry of Petunia Protoplasts into the Cell Cycle.” PLANTA 206.2 (1998): 215–224. Print.
@article{179769,
  abstract     = {In order to understand the mode of action of auxins and cytokinins in the induction of cell division, the effects of the two plant growth regulators 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and N-6-benzyladenine (BA) were investigated using mesophyll protoplasts of Petunia hybrida, cultivated in either complete medium or in medium deficient in cytokinin, auxin or both. Firstly we studied DNA synthesis, using 5-bromodeoxyuridine/bisbenzimide Hoechst/propidium iodide flow cytometry analyses and by the monitoring of histone H4 transcript levels. Roscovitine, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, was found to block the cell cycle prior to entry into the S and M phases in the cultured P. hybrida protoplasts. This suggests that in Petunia cells there is a requirement for CDK activity in order to complete the G1 and G2 phases. Further experiments using roscovitine showed that neither 2,4-D nor BA were individually able to induce cell cycle progression beyond the roscovitine G1 arrest. We also monitored the phytohormonal induction of S phase by studying variations in transcript levels of the gene for mitogenactivated protein kinase (PMEK1) and transcript levels of the cell division cycle gene cdc2Pet. Only 2,4-D, and not BA, was able to stimulate PMEK1 gene transcription; thus, the more rapid S-phase induction in 2,4-D-treated protoplasts may be attributable to the activation of this transduction pathway. In contrast, both plant growth regulators were required to induce the appearance of cdc2Pet mRNA transcripts prior to S-phase engagement.},
  author       = {Tr{\'e}hin, Christophe and Planchais, S{\'e}verine and Glab, Nathalie and Perennes, Claudette and Tregear, James and Bergounioux, Catherine},
  issn         = {0032-0935},
  journal      = {PLANTA},
  keyword      = {plant growth regulator,Petunia (cell cycle),roscovitine,PROTEIN-KINASE,DEPENDENT KINASES,MAP KINASE,ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA,RESTRICTION POINT,CDNA CLONE,INHIBITOR,GENES,STRESS,SIGNAL,mitogen-activated protein kinase,cell cycle,cdc2Pet},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {215--224},
  title        = {Cell cycle regulation by plant growth regulators: involvement of auxin and cytokinin in the re-entry of Petunia protoplasts into the cell cycle},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004250050393},
  volume       = {206},
  year         = {1998},
}

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