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Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 µm lasers with integrated mode expanders using fiber-matched leaky waveguides

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Abstract
A new concept for InGaAsP-InP 1.55 mum lasers integrated with spot size converters using leaky waveguides is presented. The large fundamental mode size and the high discrimination of the higher order modes make ARROWs (Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguides) and antiguided waveguides useful for fiber coupling functions. Three-dimensional (3-D) beam propagation method (BPM) results show that the devices have transformation losses lower than 0.22 dB. Fiber-coupling efficiencies of 60% are possible with standard cleaved single-mode fibers (SMF). The horizontal and vertical FWHM can be efficiently reduced to 9.70 degrees (horizontal) and 17.80 degrees (vertical). The fabrication of such devices avoids the growth of thick layers of quaternary material with a low Ga and As fraction, and simplifies the fabrication to one planar epitaxial growth step and one non-critical conventional etch.

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Chicago
Galarza, Marko, Kurt De Mesel, D Fuentes, Roel Baets, and M López-Amo. 2001. “Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 Μm Lasers with Integrated Mode Expanders Using Fiber-matched Leaky Waveguides.” Applied Physics B-lasers and Optics 73 (5-6): 585–588.
APA
Galarza, M., De Mesel, K., Fuentes, D., Baets, R., & López-Amo, M. (2001). Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 µm lasers with integrated mode expanders using fiber-matched leaky waveguides. APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS, 73(5-6), 585–588. Presented at the 10th European conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO  ’01).
Vancouver
1.
Galarza M, De Mesel K, Fuentes D, Baets R, López-Amo M. Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 µm lasers with integrated mode expanders using fiber-matched leaky waveguides. APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS. 2001;73(5-6):585–8.
MLA
Galarza, Marko, Kurt De Mesel, D Fuentes, et al. “Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 Μm Lasers with Integrated Mode Expanders Using Fiber-matched Leaky Waveguides.” APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS 73.5-6 (2001): 585–588. Print.
@article{170101,
  abstract     = {A new concept for InGaAsP-InP 1.55 mum lasers integrated with spot size converters using leaky waveguides is presented. The large fundamental mode size and the high discrimination of the higher order modes make ARROWs (Antiresonant Reflecting Optical Waveguides) and antiguided waveguides useful for fiber coupling functions. Three-dimensional (3-D) beam propagation method (BPM) results show that the devices have transformation losses lower than 0.22 dB. Fiber-coupling efficiencies of 60\% are possible with standard cleaved single-mode fibers (SMF). The horizontal and vertical FWHM can be efficiently reduced to 9.70 degrees (horizontal) and 17.80 degrees (vertical). The fabrication of such devices avoids the growth of thick layers of quaternary material with a low Ga and As fraction, and simplifies the fabrication to one planar epitaxial growth step and one non-critical conventional etch.},
  author       = {Galarza, Marko and De Mesel, Kurt and Fuentes, D and Baets, Roel and L{\'o}pez-Amo, M},
  issn         = {0946-2171},
  journal      = {APPLIED PHYSICS B-LASERS AND OPTICS},
  language     = {eng},
  location     = {Paderborn, Germany},
  number       = {5-6},
  pages        = {585--588},
  title        = {Modeling of InGaAsP-InP 1.55 {\textmu}m lasers with integrated mode expanders using fiber-matched leaky waveguides},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s003400100659},
  volume       = {73},
  year         = {2001},
}

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