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Leafy gall formation by Rhodococcus fascians

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Abstract
Rhodococcus fascians infects a wide range of plants, initiating the formation of leafy galls that consist of centers of shoot amplification and shoot growth inhibition. R. fascians is an epiphyte but it also can establish endophytic populations. Bacterial signals involved in symptom development initiate de novo cell division and shoot meristem formation in differentiated tissues. The R. fascians signals exert activities that are distinct from mere cytokinin effects, and the evidence points to a process that adopted cytokinin biosynthetic enzymes to form derivatives with unique activity. Genes implicated in leafy gall formation are located on a linear plasmid and are subject to a highly controlling, complex regulatory network, integrating autoregulatory compounds and environmental signals. Leafy galls are considered as centers with specific metabolic features, a niche where populations of R. fascians experience a selective advantage. Such "metabolic habitat modification" might be universal for gall-inducing bacteria.
Keywords
cytokinin, colonization, endophyte, fasciation, meristem, SYRINGAE SUBSP SAVASTANOI, ERWINIA-HERBICOLA PV, CYTOKININ BIOSYNTHETIC GENE, GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASES, AGROBACTERIUM-TUMEFACIENS, RHIZOBIUM-MELILOTI, CORYNEBACTERIUM-FASCIANS, FERREDOXIN OXIDOREDUCTASE, PSEUDOMONAS-SAVASTANOI, NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE

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Citation

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Chicago
Goethals, Koen, Danny Vereecke, Mondher Jaziri, Marc Van Montagu, and Marcella Holsters. 2001. “Leafy Gall Formation by Rhodococcus Fascians.” Annual Review of Phytopathology 39: 27–52.
APA
Goethals, Koen, Vereecke, D., Jaziri, M., Van Montagu, M., & Holsters, M. (2001). Leafy gall formation by Rhodococcus fascians. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY, 39, 27–52.
Vancouver
1.
Goethals K, Vereecke D, Jaziri M, Van Montagu M, Holsters M. Leafy gall formation by Rhodococcus fascians. ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 2001;39:27–52.
MLA
Goethals, Koen, Danny Vereecke, Mondher Jaziri, et al. “Leafy Gall Formation by Rhodococcus Fascians.” ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY 39 (2001): 27–52. Print.
@article{169586,
  abstract     = {Rhodococcus fascians infects a wide range of plants, initiating the formation of leafy galls that consist of centers of shoot amplification and shoot growth inhibition. R. fascians is an epiphyte but it also can establish endophytic populations. Bacterial signals involved in symptom development initiate de novo cell division and shoot meristem formation in differentiated tissues. The R. fascians signals exert activities that are distinct from mere cytokinin effects, and the evidence points to a process that adopted cytokinin biosynthetic enzymes to form derivatives with unique activity. Genes implicated in leafy gall formation are located on a linear plasmid and are subject to a highly controlling, complex regulatory network, integrating autoregulatory compounds and environmental signals. Leafy galls are considered as centers with specific metabolic features, a niche where populations of R. fascians experience a selective advantage. Such {\textacutedbl}metabolic habitat modification{\textacutedbl} might be universal for gall-inducing bacteria.},
  author       = {Goethals, Koen and Vereecke, Danny and Jaziri, Mondher and Van Montagu, Marc and Holsters, Marcella},
  issn         = {0066-4286},
  journal      = {ANNUAL REVIEW OF PHYTOPATHOLOGY},
  keyword      = {cytokinin,colonization,endophyte,fasciation,meristem,SYRINGAE SUBSP SAVASTANOI,ERWINIA-HERBICOLA PV,CYTOKININ BIOSYNTHETIC GENE,GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASES,AGROBACTERIUM-TUMEFACIENS,RHIZOBIUM-MELILOTI,CORYNEBACTERIUM-FASCIANS,FERREDOXIN OXIDOREDUCTASE,PSEUDOMONAS-SAVASTANOI,NUCLEOTIDE-SEQUENCE},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {27--52},
  title        = {Leafy gall formation by Rhodococcus fascians},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.phyto.39.1.27},
  volume       = {39},
  year         = {2001},
}

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