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Advancing advanced mind-reading tests: empathic accuracy in adults with a pervasive developmental disorder

Herbert Roeyers (UGent) , Ann Buysse (UGent) , Koen Ponnet (UGent) and Bert Pichal
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Abstract
Research using advanced but static mind-reading tests with high-functioning adults with a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) provided evidence for subtle social cognitive deficits. Tn the present study, adults with PDD were unimpaired on such tasks, relative to individually matched normal controls. Significant differences between the two groups were, however, found on a more naturalistic empathic accuracy task developed for this study. Participants viewed two videotaped interactions that both depicted a male and female stranger having an initial conversation and were asked to infer the unexpressed thoughts and feelings of the four targets. Subjects with PDD performed significantly worse on the second video. These findings suggest that the mind-reading deficit of a subgroup of able adults with PDD may only be apparent when a sufficiently complex naturalistic assessment method is being used.
Keywords
social cognition, autism, empathic accuracy, NATURALISTIC SOCIAL COGNITION, HIGH-FUNCTIONING ADULTS, ASPERGER-SYNDROME, STORY CHARACTERS, AUTISM, CHILDREN, INDIVIDUALS, SEX

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Chicago
Roeyers, Herbert, Ann Buysse, Koen Ponnet, and Bert Pichal. 2001. “Advancing Advanced Mind-reading Tests: Empathic Accuracy in Adults with a Pervasive Developmental Disorder.” Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines 42 (2): 271–278.
APA
Roeyers, H., Buysse, A., Ponnet, K., & Pichal, B. (2001). Advancing advanced mind-reading tests: empathic accuracy in adults with a pervasive developmental disorder. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY AND ALLIED DISCIPLINES, 42(2), 271–278.
Vancouver
1.
Roeyers H, Buysse A, Ponnet K, Pichal B. Advancing advanced mind-reading tests: empathic accuracy in adults with a pervasive developmental disorder. JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY AND ALLIED DISCIPLINES. 2001;42(2):271–8.
MLA
Roeyers, Herbert, Ann Buysse, Koen Ponnet, et al. “Advancing Advanced Mind-reading Tests: Empathic Accuracy in Adults with a Pervasive Developmental Disorder.” JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY AND ALLIED DISCIPLINES 42.2 (2001): 271–278. Print.
@article{168695,
  abstract     = {Research using advanced but static mind-reading tests with high-functioning adults with a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) provided evidence for subtle social cognitive deficits. Tn the present study, adults with PDD were unimpaired on such tasks, relative to individually matched normal controls. Significant differences between the two groups were, however, found on a more naturalistic empathic accuracy task developed for this study. Participants viewed two videotaped interactions that both depicted a male and female stranger having an initial conversation and were asked to infer the unexpressed thoughts and feelings of the four targets. Subjects with PDD performed significantly worse on the second video. These findings suggest that the mind-reading deficit of a subgroup of able adults with PDD may only be apparent when a sufficiently complex naturalistic assessment method is being used.},
  author       = {Roeyers, Herbert and Buysse, Ann and Ponnet, Koen and Pichal, Bert},
  issn         = {0021-9630},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF CHILD PSYCHOLOGY AND PSYCHIATRY AND ALLIED DISCIPLINES},
  keyword      = {social cognition,autism,empathic accuracy,NATURALISTIC SOCIAL COGNITION,HIGH-FUNCTIONING ADULTS,ASPERGER-SYNDROME,STORY CHARACTERS,AUTISM,CHILDREN,INDIVIDUALS,SEX},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {2},
  pages        = {271--278},
  title        = {Advancing advanced mind-reading tests: empathic accuracy in adults with a pervasive developmental disorder},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1469-7610.00718},
  volume       = {42},
  year         = {2001},
}

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