Advanced search

Uncertainties in the environmental risk assessment of metals

Author
Organization
Abstract
As life has evolved in the presence of metals, the assessment of the potential adverse effects of metals on ecosystems requires a different approach than those presently used for man-made organic substances. This article provides a brief review of applications and limitations of current techniques and presents, based on recent research results, suggestions for improving the scientific relevance and accuracy of environmental risk assessments of metals. The importance of the following factors responsible for major uncertainties in current environmental risk assessments of metals are discussed: factors affecting metal bioavailability and toxicity, the potential importance of deficiency effects (for essential metals), and held extrapolation of laboratory toxicity data. Possible (regulatory) consequences of inaccurately assessing the natural background concentrations of metals and acclimatization/adaptation potential of laboratory organisms and resident communities are illustrated using examples of recent research, hypothesis development, and a probabilistic environmental risk assessment.
Keywords
CULTURE, RIVER, TOXICITY, WATER HARDNESS, TECHNICAL BASIS, AQUATIC ORGANISMS, TRACE-METALS, TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS, SEDIMENT QUALITY CRITERIA, DAPHNIA-MAGNA-STRAUS, copper, zinc, background concentration, bioavailability, acclimation, deficiency

Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

Chicago
Janssen, Colin, Karel De Schamphelaere, Dagobert G Heijerick, Brita Muyssen, Koen Lock, B Bossuyt, M Vangheluwe, and P Van Sprang. 2000. “Uncertainties in the Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals.” Human and Ecological Risk Assessment 6 (6): 1003–1018.
APA
Janssen, Colin, De Schamphelaere, K., Heijerick, D. G., Muyssen, B., Lock, K., Bossuyt, B., Vangheluwe, M., et al. (2000). Uncertainties in the environmental risk assessment of metals. HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT, 6(6), 1003–1018.
Vancouver
1.
Janssen C, De Schamphelaere K, Heijerick DG, Muyssen B, Lock K, Bossuyt B, et al. Uncertainties in the environmental risk assessment of metals. HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT. 2000;6(6):1003–18.
MLA
Janssen, Colin, Karel De Schamphelaere, Dagobert G Heijerick, et al. “Uncertainties in the Environmental Risk Assessment of Metals.” HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT 6.6 (2000): 1003–1018. Print.
@article{167672,
  abstract     = {As life has evolved in the presence of metals, the assessment of the potential adverse effects of metals on ecosystems requires a different approach than those presently used for man-made organic substances. This article provides a brief review of applications and limitations of current techniques and presents, based on recent research results, suggestions for improving the scientific relevance and accuracy of environmental risk assessments of metals. The importance of the following factors responsible for major uncertainties in current environmental risk assessments of metals are discussed: factors affecting metal bioavailability and toxicity, the potential importance of deficiency effects (for essential metals), and held extrapolation of laboratory toxicity data. Possible (regulatory) consequences of inaccurately assessing the natural background concentrations of metals and acclimatization/adaptation potential of laboratory organisms and resident communities are illustrated using examples of recent research, hypothesis development, and a probabilistic environmental risk assessment.},
  author       = {Janssen, Colin and De Schamphelaere, Karel and Heijerick, Dagobert G and Muyssen, Brita and Lock, Koen and Bossuyt, B and Vangheluwe, M and Van Sprang, P},
  issn         = {1080-7039},
  journal      = {HUMAN AND ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT},
  keyword      = {CULTURE,RIVER,TOXICITY,WATER HARDNESS,TECHNICAL BASIS,AQUATIC ORGANISMS,TRACE-METALS,TROUT ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS,SEDIMENT QUALITY CRITERIA,DAPHNIA-MAGNA-STRAUS,copper,zinc,background concentration,bioavailability,acclimation,deficiency},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {1003--1018},
  title        = {Uncertainties in the environmental risk assessment of metals},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10807030091124257},
  volume       = {6},
  year         = {2000},
}

Altmetric
View in Altmetric
Web of Science
Times cited: