Ghent University Academic Bibliography

Advanced

Seismic evidence of small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia).

Silvia Ceramicola, M Rebesco, Marc De Batist UGent and O Khlystov (2001) MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES. 22(5-6). p.445-464
abstract
High resolution, single-channel seismic sparker profiles across the Akademichesky Ridge, an intra-basin structural high in Lake Baikal (Russia), reveal the presence of small sediment mounds and intervening moats in the upper part of the sedimentary cover. Such features interrupt the generally uniform and even acoustic facies and are not consistent with the hemipelagic sedimentation, which is expected on such an isolated high and which would produce a uniform sediment drape over bottom irregularities. The influence of turbidity currents is excluded since the ridge is an isolated high elevated more than 600-1000 m above adjacent basins. The mounded seismic facies, including migrating sediment waves and non-depositional/erosional incisions, strongly suggest that sediment accumulation was controlled by bottom-current activity. We interpret the mounds as small-scale (< few tens of km2 in area) lacustrine drifts. Four basic types of geometry are identified: 1) slope-plastered patch sheets; 2) patch drifts; 3) confined drifts; 4) fault-controlled drifts. The general asymmetry in the sedimentary cover of the ridge, showing thicker deposits on the NWflank, and the common location of patch drifts on the northeast side of small basement knolls indicate that deposition took preferentially place at the lee sides of obstacles in a current flowing northward or sub-parallel to the main contours. Deep-water circulation in the ridge area is not known in detail, but there are indications that relatively cold saline water masses are presently flowing out of the Central Basin and plunging into the deep parts of the North Basin across the ridge, a process that appears to be driven mainly by small differences in salinity. We infer that the process responsible for the observed bottom-current-controlled sedimentary features has to be sought in these large-scale water-mass movements and their past equivalents. The age of the onset of the bottom-current-controlled sedimentation, based on an average sedimentation rate of 4.0 cm/ky, is roughly estimated to be as least as old as 3.5 Ma, which is generally regarded as the age of the onset of the last major tectonic pulse of rift basin development in the Baikal region.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
contourite, drift, fault, seismics, Lake Baikal, Russia
journal title
MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES
Mar. Geophys. Res.
volume
22
issue
5-6
pages
445-464 pages
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000176867300008
JCR category
OCEANOGRAPHY
JCR impact factor
1.107 (2001)
JCR rank
19/39 (2001)
JCR quartile
2 (2001)
ISSN
0025-3235
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
163574
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-163574
date created
2004-01-14 13:39:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:24
@article{163574,
  abstract     = {High resolution, single-channel seismic sparker profiles across the Akademichesky Ridge, an intra-basin structural high in Lake Baikal (Russia), reveal the presence of small sediment mounds and intervening moats in the upper part of the sedimentary cover. Such features interrupt the generally uniform and even acoustic facies and are not consistent with the hemipelagic sedimentation, which is expected on such an isolated high and which would produce a uniform sediment drape over bottom irregularities. The influence of turbidity currents is excluded since the ridge is an isolated high elevated more than 600-1000 m above adjacent basins. The mounded seismic facies, including migrating sediment waves and non-depositional/erosional incisions, strongly suggest that sediment accumulation was controlled by bottom-current activity. We interpret the mounds as small-scale ({\textlangle} few tens of km2 in area) lacustrine drifts. Four basic types of geometry are identified: 1) slope-plastered patch sheets; 2) patch drifts; 3) confined drifts; 4) fault-controlled drifts. The general asymmetry in the sedimentary cover of the ridge, showing thicker deposits on the NWflank, and the common location of patch drifts on the northeast side of small basement knolls indicate that deposition took preferentially place at the lee sides of obstacles in a current flowing northward or sub-parallel to the main contours. Deep-water circulation in the ridge area is not known in detail, but there are indications that relatively cold saline water masses are presently flowing out of the Central Basin and plunging into the deep parts of the North Basin across the ridge, a process that appears to be driven mainly by small differences in salinity. We infer that the process responsible for the observed bottom-current-controlled sedimentary features has to be sought in these large-scale water-mass movements and their past equivalents. The age of the onset of the bottom-current-controlled sedimentation, based on an average sedimentation rate of 4.0 cm/ky, is roughly estimated to be as least as old as 3.5 Ma, which is generally regarded as the age of the onset of the last major tectonic pulse of rift basin development in the Baikal region.},
  author       = {Ceramicola, Silvia and Rebesco, M and De Batist, Marc and Khlystov, O},
  issn         = {0025-3235},
  journal      = {MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES},
  keyword      = {contourite,drift,fault,seismics,Lake Baikal,Russia},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {5-6},
  pages        = {445--464},
  title        = {Seismic evidence of small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia).},
  volume       = {22},
  year         = {2001},
}

Chicago
Ceramicola, Silvia, M Rebesco, Marc De Batist, and O Khlystov. 2001. “Seismic Evidence of Small-scale Lacustrine Drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia).” Marine Geophysical Researches 22 (5-6): 445–464.
APA
Ceramicola, S., Rebesco, M., De Batist, M., & Khlystov, O. (2001). Seismic evidence of small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia). MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES, 22(5-6), 445–464.
Vancouver
1.
Ceramicola S, Rebesco M, De Batist M, Khlystov O. Seismic evidence of small-scale lacustrine drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia). MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES. 2001;22(5-6):445–64.
MLA
Ceramicola, Silvia, M Rebesco, Marc De Batist, et al. “Seismic Evidence of Small-scale Lacustrine Drifts in Lake Baikal (Russia).” MARINE GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCHES 22.5-6 (2001): 445–464. Print.