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Sampling procedure for the foliar analysis of deciduous trees

Sebastiaan Luyssaert, H Raitio, P Vervaeke, Jan Mertens UGent and Noël Lust (2002) JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING. 4(6). p.858-864
abstract
Sampling can be the source of the greatest errors in the overall results of foliar analysis. This paper reviews the variability in heavy metal concentrations in tree crowns, which is a feature that should be known and understood when designing a suitable leaf sampling procedure. The leaf sampling procedures applied in 75 articles were examined. Most of the environmental studies used a closely related form of the UN/ECE-EC leaf sampling procedure, which was developed for the long-term monitoring of forest condition. Studies with objectives outside the UN/ECE-EC field of application should utilize a sampling procedure that is in accordance with the objectives of the study and based on the observed variation in pilot and similar studies. The inherent sources of heavy metal variability inside the stand, i.e. the crown class, stand management, site properties, crown dimensions, infections, seasons, etc. were discussed, but the underlying causes of this variability are rarely understood. The inherent variability in tree crowns is the reason for using leaf sampling as a tool in pollution studies. The objectives of a pollution study determine which sources of variability are utilized by the researcher.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (review)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION, REFUSE INCINERATOR, SITE INDEX, ZINC SMELTER, NUTRIENT CONCENTRATIONS, HEAVY-METALS, AIR-POLLUTION, PLANT MATRICES, SEASONAL-VARIATION, TRACE-ELEMENT DETERMINATIONS
journal title
JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING
J. Environ. Monit.
volume
4
issue
6
pages
858 - 864
Web of Science type
Review
Web of Science id
000180404300006
JCR category
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
JCR impact factor
1.348 (2002)
JCR rank
38/130 (2002)
JCR quartile
2 (2002)
ISSN
1464-0325
DOI
10.1039/b208404j
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
id
157233
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-157233
date created
2004-01-14 13:39:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:08
@article{157233,
  abstract     = {Sampling can be the source of the greatest errors in the overall results of foliar analysis. This paper reviews the variability in heavy metal concentrations in tree crowns, which is a feature that should be known and understood when designing a suitable leaf sampling procedure. The leaf sampling procedures applied in 75 articles were examined. Most of the environmental studies used a closely related form of the UN/ECE-EC leaf sampling procedure, which was developed for the long-term monitoring of forest condition. Studies with objectives outside the UN/ECE-EC field of application should utilize a sampling procedure that is in accordance with the objectives of the study and based on the observed variation in pilot and similar studies. The inherent sources of heavy metal variability inside the stand, i.e. the crown class, stand management, site properties, crown dimensions, infections, seasons, etc. were discussed, but the underlying causes of this variability are rarely understood. The inherent variability in tree crowns is the reason for using leaf sampling as a tool in pollution studies. The objectives of a pollution study determine which sources of variability are utilized by the researcher.},
  author       = {Luyssaert, Sebastiaan and Raitio, H and Vervaeke, P and Mertens, Jan and Lust, No{\"e}l},
  issn         = {1464-0325},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING},
  keyword      = {CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION,REFUSE INCINERATOR,SITE INDEX,ZINC SMELTER,NUTRIENT CONCENTRATIONS,HEAVY-METALS,AIR-POLLUTION,PLANT MATRICES,SEASONAL-VARIATION,TRACE-ELEMENT DETERMINATIONS},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {858--864},
  title        = {Sampling procedure for the foliar analysis of deciduous trees},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/b208404j},
  volume       = {4},
  year         = {2002},
}

Chicago
Luyssaert, Sebastiaan, H Raitio, P Vervaeke, Jan Mertens, and Noël Lust. 2002. “Sampling Procedure for the Foliar Analysis of Deciduous Trees.” Journal of Environmental Monitoring 4 (6): 858–864.
APA
Luyssaert, Sebastiaan, Raitio, H., Vervaeke, P., Mertens, J., & Lust, N. (2002). Sampling procedure for the foliar analysis of deciduous trees. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING, 4(6), 858–864.
Vancouver
1.
Luyssaert S, Raitio H, Vervaeke P, Mertens J, Lust N. Sampling procedure for the foliar analysis of deciduous trees. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING. 2002;4(6):858–64.
MLA
Luyssaert, Sebastiaan, H Raitio, P Vervaeke, et al. “Sampling Procedure for the Foliar Analysis of Deciduous Trees.” JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING 4.6 (2002): 858–864. Print.