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Modelling developmental instability as the joint action of noise and stability: a Bayesian approach.

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Abstract
Background: Fluctuating asymmetry is assumed to measure individual and population level developmental stability. The latter may in turn show an association with stress, which can be observed through asymmetry-stress correlations. However, the recent literature does not support an ubiquitous relationship. Very little is known why some studies show relatively strong associations while others completely fail to find such a correlation. We propose a new Bayesian statistical framework to examine these associations Results: We are considering developmental stability - i.e. the individual buffering capacity - as the biologically relevant trait and show that (i) little variation in developmental stability can explain observed variation in fluctuating asymmetry when the distribution of developmental stability is highly skewed, and (ii) that a previously developed tool (i.e. the hypothetical repeatability of fluctuating asymmetry) contains only limited information about variation in developmental stability, which stands in sharp contrast to the earlier established close association between the repeatability and developmental instability. Conclusion: We provide tools to generate valuable information about the distribution of between-individual variation in developmental stability. A simple linear transformation of a previous model lead to completely different conclusions. Thus, theoretical modelling of asymmetry and stability appears to be very sensitive to the scale of inference. More research is urgently needed to get better insights in the developmental mechanisms of noise and stability. In spite of the fact that the model is likely to represent an oversimplification of reality, the accumulation of new insights could be incorporated in the Bayesian statistical approach to obtain more reliable estimation.

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Chicago
Van Dongen, Stefan, and Luc Lens. 2002. “Modelling Developmental Instability as the Joint Action of Noise and Stability: a Bayesian Approach.” Bmc Evolutionary Biology 2: 11–22.
APA
Van Dongen, Stefan, & Lens, L. (2002). Modelling developmental instability as the joint action of noise and stability: a Bayesian approach. BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY, 2, 11–22.
Vancouver
1.
Van Dongen S, Lens L. Modelling developmental instability as the joint action of noise and stability: a Bayesian approach. BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY. 2002;2:11–22.
MLA
Van Dongen, Stefan, and Luc Lens. “Modelling Developmental Instability as the Joint Action of Noise and Stability: a Bayesian Approach.” BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY 2 (2002): 11–22. Print.
@article{154449,
  abstract     = {Background: Fluctuating asymmetry is assumed to measure individual and population level developmental stability. The latter may in turn show an association with stress, which can be observed through asymmetry-stress correlations. However, the recent literature does not support an ubiquitous relationship. Very little is known why some studies show relatively strong associations while others completely fail to find such a correlation. We propose a new Bayesian statistical framework to examine these associations

Results: We are considering developmental stability - i.e. the individual buffering capacity - as the biologically relevant trait and show that (i) little variation in developmental stability can explain observed variation in fluctuating asymmetry when the distribution of developmental stability is highly skewed, and (ii) that a previously developed tool (i.e. the hypothetical repeatability of fluctuating asymmetry) contains only limited information about variation in developmental stability, which stands in sharp contrast to the earlier established close association between the repeatability and developmental instability.

Conclusion: We provide tools to generate valuable information about the distribution of between-individual variation in developmental stability. A simple linear transformation of a previous model lead to completely different conclusions. Thus, theoretical modelling of asymmetry and stability appears to be very sensitive to the scale of inference. More research is urgently needed to get better insights in the developmental mechanisms of noise and stability. In spite of the fact that the model is likely to represent an oversimplification of reality, the accumulation of new insights could be incorporated in the Bayesian statistical approach to obtain more reliable estimation.},
  articleno    = {11},
  author       = {Van Dongen, Stefan and Lens, Luc},
  issn         = {1471-2148},
  journal      = {BMC EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {11:11--11:22},
  title        = {Modelling developmental instability as the joint action of noise and stability: a Bayesian approach.},
  volume       = {2},
  year         = {2002},
}

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