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Tidal and diurnal periodicity in macrocrustaceans and demersal fish of an exposed sandy beach, with special emphasis on juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa

Bregje Beyst, Jan Vanaverbeke UGent, Magda Vincx and Jan Mees UGent (2002) MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES. 225. p.263-274
abstract
Macrocrustaceans and juvenile demersal fish were sampled in spring of 1997 in the surf zone of an exposed sandy beach on the Belgian coast. Three consecutive 24 h cycles were sampled to investigate tidal, diurnal and semi-lunar distribution patterns within the epibenthic community. Multivariate statistical techniques and 3-way ANOVA were used to evaluate the effects of the environmental variables measured. The most important variable correlated with the variation in epibenthic catch density was the state of the tide (ebb and flood), but light intensity (day and night) was also important. The individual catch density of several species differed significantly over the three 24 h cycles. Despite the strong turbulent conditions of the site studied, clear tidal (e.g. the brown shrimp Crangon crangon, juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa) and diurnal (e,g. juvenile sole Solea solea and clupeids, caught mainly during the night/day respectively) periodicities of many macrocrustacean and demersal fish species were observed. Nevertheless, the extremely turbulent conditions of the surf zone possibly affect the behaviour of many species (e.g. juvenile brown shrimp are not able to bury themselves as the water retreats). To investigate whether the high dynamics of the surf zone suppress the ability of juvenile plaice to actively search for food, stomach contents were analysed. Also, the interaction with potential prey was investigated: the hyperbenthic fauna was sampled simultaneously and macrobenthic data were available from the literature, Clearly, the Belgian sandy beaches are used as a feeding ground by I-group plaice, An opportunistic utilisation of available food resources is suggested. I-group plaice migrate high up the beach during the flood tide to profit from the rich macrobenthic intertidal area, while the 0-group feeds mainly on the most abundant hyper- and macrobenthic organisms from somewhat deeper water. The presence of the 0-group in the intertidal area is possibly linked to refuge for predators or influenced by the strong surf zone currents.
Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:
author
organization
year
type
journalArticle (original)
publication status
published
subject
keyword
sandy beach, surf zone, Pleuronectes platessa, Crangon crangon, feeding periodicity, stomach content analyses, tidal migration, SURF-ZONE, FEEDING ECOLOGY, FOOD-INTAKE, WADDEN SEA, DIEL, BAY, PREDATORS, COMMUNITY, ABUNDANCE, STRATEGY
journal title
MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES
Mar. Ecol.-Prog. Ser.
volume
225
pages
263 - 274
Web of Science type
Article
Web of Science id
000173878400023
JCR category
MARINE & FRESHWATER BIOLOGY
JCR impact factor
2.222 (2002)
JCR rank
6/73 (2002)
JCR quartile
1 (2002)
ISSN
0171-8630
DOI
10.3354/meps225263
language
English
UGent publication?
yes
classification
A1
copyright statement
I have transferred the copyright for this publication to the publisher
id
154186
handle
http://hdl.handle.net/1854/LU-154186
date created
2004-01-14 13:39:00
date last changed
2016-12-19 15:38:54
@article{154186,
  abstract     = {Macrocrustaceans and juvenile demersal fish were sampled in spring of 1997 in the surf zone of an exposed sandy beach on the Belgian coast. Three consecutive 24 h cycles were sampled to investigate tidal, diurnal and semi-lunar distribution patterns within the epibenthic community. Multivariate statistical techniques and 3-way ANOVA were used to evaluate the effects of the environmental variables measured. The most important variable correlated with the variation in epibenthic catch density was the state of the tide (ebb and flood), but light intensity (day and night) was also important. The individual catch density of several species differed significantly over the three 24 h cycles. Despite the strong turbulent conditions of the site studied, clear tidal (e.g. the brown shrimp Crangon crangon, juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa) and diurnal (e,g. juvenile sole Solea solea and clupeids, caught mainly during the night/day respectively) periodicities of many macrocrustacean and demersal fish species were observed. Nevertheless, the extremely turbulent conditions of the surf zone possibly affect the behaviour of many species (e.g. juvenile brown shrimp are not able to bury themselves as the water retreats). To investigate whether the high dynamics of the surf zone suppress the ability of juvenile plaice to actively search for food, stomach contents were analysed. Also, the interaction with potential prey was investigated: the hyperbenthic fauna was sampled simultaneously and macrobenthic data were available from the literature, Clearly, the Belgian sandy beaches are used as a feeding ground by I-group plaice, An opportunistic utilisation of available food resources is suggested. I-group plaice migrate high up the beach during the flood tide to profit from the rich macrobenthic intertidal area, while the 0-group feeds mainly on the most abundant hyper- and macrobenthic organisms from somewhat deeper water. The presence of the 0-group in the intertidal area is possibly linked to refuge for predators or influenced by the strong surf zone currents.},
  author       = {Beyst, Bregje and Vanaverbeke, Jan and Vincx, Magda and Mees, Jan},
  issn         = {0171-8630},
  journal      = {MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES},
  keyword      = {sandy beach,surf zone,Pleuronectes platessa,Crangon crangon,feeding periodicity,stomach content analyses,tidal migration,SURF-ZONE,FEEDING ECOLOGY,FOOD-INTAKE,WADDEN SEA,DIEL,BAY,PREDATORS,COMMUNITY,ABUNDANCE,STRATEGY},
  language     = {eng},
  pages        = {263--274},
  title        = {Tidal and diurnal periodicity in macrocrustaceans and demersal fish of an exposed sandy beach, with special emphasis on juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.3354/meps225263},
  volume       = {225},
  year         = {2002},
}

Chicago
Beyst, Bregje, Jan Vanaverbeke, Magda Vincx, and Jan Mees. 2002. “Tidal and Diurnal Periodicity in Macrocrustaceans and Demersal Fish of an Exposed Sandy Beach, with Special Emphasis on Juvenile Plaice Pleuronectes Platessa.” Marine Ecology-progress Series 225: 263–274.
APA
Beyst, Bregje, Vanaverbeke, J., Vincx, M., & Mees, J. (2002). Tidal and diurnal periodicity in macrocrustaceans and demersal fish of an exposed sandy beach, with special emphasis on juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa. MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES, 225, 263–274.
Vancouver
1.
Beyst B, Vanaverbeke J, Vincx M, Mees J. Tidal and diurnal periodicity in macrocrustaceans and demersal fish of an exposed sandy beach, with special emphasis on juvenile plaice Pleuronectes platessa. MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES. 2002;225:263–74.
MLA
Beyst, Bregje, Jan Vanaverbeke, Magda Vincx, et al. “Tidal and Diurnal Periodicity in Macrocrustaceans and Demersal Fish of an Exposed Sandy Beach, with Special Emphasis on Juvenile Plaice Pleuronectes Platessa.” MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES 225 (2002): 263–274. Print.