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Field and pulping performances of transgenic trees with altered lignification

(2002) NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY. 20(6). p.607-612
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Abstract
The agronomic and pulping performance of transgenic trees with altered lignin has been evaluated in duplicated, long-term field trials. Poplars expressing cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) or caffeate/5-hydroxyferulate O-methyltransferase (COMT) antisense transgenes were grown for four years at two sites, in France and England. The trees remained healthy throughout the trial. Growth indicators and interactions with insects were normal. No changes in soil microbial communities were detected beneath the transgenic trees. The expected modifications to lignin were maintained in the transgenics over four years, at both sites. Kraft pulping of tree trunks showed that the reduced-CAD lines had improved characteristics, allowing easier delignification, using smaller amounts of chemicals, while yielding more high-quality pulp. This work highlights the potential of engineering wood quality for more environmentally benign papermaking without interfering with tree growth or fitness.
Keywords
O-METHYLTRANSFERASE ACTIVITY, CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL-DEHYDROGENASE, LIGNIN BIOSYNTHESIS, POPLAR, TOBACCO, PLANTS, SOIL

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Chicago
Pilate, Gilles, Emma Guiney, Karen Holt, Michel Petit-Conil, Catherine Lapierre, Jean-Charles Leplé, Brigitte Pollet, et al. 2002. “Field and Pulping Performances of Transgenic Trees with Altered Lignification.” Nature Biotechnology 20 (6): 607–612.
APA
Pilate, Gilles, Guiney, E., Holt, K., Petit-Conil, M., Lapierre, C., Leplé, J.-C., Pollet, B., et al. (2002). Field and pulping performances of transgenic trees with altered lignification. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY, 20(6), 607–612.
Vancouver
1.
Pilate G, Guiney E, Holt K, Petit-Conil M, Lapierre C, Leplé J-C, et al. Field and pulping performances of transgenic trees with altered lignification. NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2002;20(6):607–12.
MLA
Pilate, Gilles, Emma Guiney, Karen Holt, et al. “Field and Pulping Performances of Transgenic Trees with Altered Lignification.” NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY 20.6 (2002): 607–612. Print.
@article{153997,
  abstract     = {The agronomic and pulping performance of transgenic trees with altered lignin has been evaluated in duplicated, long-term field trials. Poplars expressing cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD) or caffeate/5-hydroxyferulate O-methyltransferase (COMT) antisense transgenes were grown for four years at two sites, in France and England. The trees remained healthy throughout the trial. Growth indicators and interactions with insects were normal. No changes in soil microbial communities were detected beneath the transgenic trees. The expected modifications to lignin were maintained in the transgenics over four years, at both sites. Kraft pulping of tree trunks showed that the reduced-CAD lines had improved characteristics, allowing easier delignification, using smaller amounts of chemicals, while yielding more high-quality pulp. This work highlights the potential of engineering wood quality for more environmentally benign papermaking without interfering with tree growth or fitness.},
  author       = {Pilate, Gilles and Guiney, Emma and Holt, Karen and Petit-Conil, Michel and Lapierre, Catherine and Lepl{\'e}, Jean-Charles and Pollet, Brigitte and Mila, Isabelle and Webster, Elizabeth A and Marstorp, H{\aa}kan G and Hopkins, David W and Jouanin, Lise and Boerjan, Wout and Schuch, Wolfgang and Cornu, Daniel and Halpin, Claire},
  issn         = {1087-0156},
  journal      = {NATURE BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {O-METHYLTRANSFERASE ACTIVITY,CINNAMYL-ALCOHOL-DEHYDROGENASE,LIGNIN BIOSYNTHESIS,POPLAR,TOBACCO,PLANTS,SOIL},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {6},
  pages        = {607--612},
  title        = {Field and pulping performances of transgenic trees with altered lignification},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nbt0602-607},
  volume       = {20},
  year         = {2002},
}

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