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Evaluation of nitric oxide production by lactobacilli

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Abstract
Six strains of Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated for nitric oxide (NO) production. First, the potential presence of NO synthase was examined. None of the strains of L. fermentum and L. plantarum examined produced NO from L-arginine under aerobic conditions. Interestingly, all L. fermentum strains expressed strong L-arginine deiminase activity. All L. fermentum strains produced NO in MRS broth, but the NO was found to be chemically derived from nitrite, which was produced by L. fermentum from nitrate present in the medium. Indeed all L. fermentum strains express nitrate reductase under anaerobic conditions. Moreover, one strain, L. fermentum LF1, had nitrate reductase activity under aerobic conditions. It was also found that L. fermentum strains JCM1173 and LF I possessed ammonifying nitrite reductase. The latter strain also had denitrifying nitrite reductase activity at neutral pH under both anaerobic and aerobic conditions. The LF1 strain is thus capable of biochemically converting nitrate to NO. NO and nitrite produced from nitrate by lactobacilli may constitute a potential antimicrobial mechanism.
Keywords
FERMENTUM, ARGININE, BACTERIA, COLI, NITRATE

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Chicago
Xu, Jianlin, and Willy Verstraete. 2001. “Evaluation of Nitric Oxide Production by Lactobacilli.” Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 56 (3-4): 504–507.
APA
Xu, Jianlin, & Verstraete, W. (2001). Evaluation of nitric oxide production by lactobacilli. APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, 56(3-4), 504–507.
Vancouver
1.
Xu J, Verstraete W. Evaluation of nitric oxide production by lactobacilli. APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY. 2001;56(3-4):504–7.
MLA
Xu, Jianlin, and Willy Verstraete. “Evaluation of Nitric Oxide Production by Lactobacilli.” APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY 56.3-4 (2001): 504–507. Print.
@article{147547,
  abstract     = {Six strains of Lactobacillus fermentum and Lactobacillus plantarum were investigated for nitric oxide (NO) production. First, the potential presence of NO synthase was examined. None of the strains of L. fermentum and L. plantarum examined produced NO from L-arginine under aerobic conditions. Interestingly, all L. fermentum strains expressed strong L-arginine deiminase activity. All L. fermentum strains produced NO in MRS broth, but the NO was found to be chemically derived from nitrite, which was produced by L. fermentum from nitrate present in the medium. Indeed all L. fermentum strains express nitrate reductase under anaerobic conditions. Moreover, one strain, L. fermentum LF1, had nitrate reductase activity under aerobic conditions. It was also found that L. fermentum strains JCM1173 and LF I possessed ammonifying nitrite reductase. The latter strain also had denitrifying nitrite reductase activity at neutral pH under both anaerobic and aerobic conditions. The LF1 strain is thus capable of biochemically converting nitrate to NO. NO and nitrite produced from nitrate by lactobacilli may constitute a potential antimicrobial mechanism.},
  author       = {Xu, Jianlin and Verstraete, Willy},
  issn         = {0175-7598},
  journal      = {APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY},
  keyword      = {FERMENTUM,ARGININE,BACTERIA,COLI,NITRATE},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {3-4},
  pages        = {504--507},
  title        = {Evaluation of nitric oxide production by lactobacilli},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002530100616},
  volume       = {56},
  year         = {2001},
}

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