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Efficacy of tilmicosin phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) premix) in feed for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs

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Abstract
A double-blind randomized clinical trial was carried out to investigate the efficacy of tilmicosin (Pulmotil (R) premix) for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. The effects of tilmicosin administration in the feed at 400 mg/kg and an injection therapy of clinically diseased pigs with long-acting oxytetracycline (Terramycine (R) LA) at 20 mg/kg body-weight were compared. Both groups, totalling 147 pigs, were compared during a medication period of 15 days and a post-medication period of 11 days by means of different clinical and performance parameters. During the medication period, the tilmicosin group showed a significant advantage with respect to the number of new disease cases (P < 0.01), and a nonsignificant advantage regarding the number of removed pigs (P = 0.16), the number of sick pigs that recovered (P = 0.27) and the time to recovery (P = 0.42). During the post-medication period, the pigs of the tilmicosin group showed numerical non-significant benefits (P > 0.05) with respect to the clinical parameters. During the overall study period (26 days), the average daily gain and the feed conversion ratio were both significantly (P < 0.01) better in pigs from the tilmicosin group compared with pigs from the oxytetracycline group. This study demonstrated that in-feed medication of tilmicosin at a dosage of 400 mg/kg is efficacious for the treatment of a clinical respiratory disease outbreak of A. pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. Compared with oxytetracycline injection of clinically diseased pigs, the tilmicosin treatment is particularly, beneficial in the prevention of new disease cases while increasing or maintaining the performance the pigs.
Keywords
PORCINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA, ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES, PASTEURELLA-MULTOCIDA, SWINE, SUSCEPTIBILITY, DISEASE, EL-870

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Chicago
Hoflack, Geert, B Maes, M Mateusen, A Verdonck, and Aart de Kruif. 2001. “Efficacy of Tilmicosin Phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) Premix) in Feed for the Treatment of a Clinical Outbreak of Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae Infection in Growing-finishing Pigs.” Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series B-infectious Diseases and Veterinary Public Health 48 (9): 655–664.
APA
Hoflack, G., Maes, B., Mateusen, M., Verdonck, A., & de Kruif, A. (2001). Efficacy of tilmicosin phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) premix) in feed for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES B-INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH, 48(9), 655–664.
Vancouver
1.
Hoflack G, Maes B, Mateusen M, Verdonck A, de Kruif A. Efficacy of tilmicosin phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) premix) in feed for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES B-INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH. 2001;48(9):655–64.
MLA
Hoflack, Geert, B Maes, M Mateusen, et al. “Efficacy of Tilmicosin Phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) Premix) in Feed for the Treatment of a Clinical Outbreak of Actinobacillus Pleuropneumoniae Infection in Growing-finishing Pigs.” JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES B-INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH 48.9 (2001): 655–664. Print.
@article{146235,
  abstract     = {A double-blind randomized clinical trial was carried out to investigate the efficacy of tilmicosin (Pulmotil (R) premix) for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. The effects of tilmicosin administration in the feed at 400 mg/kg and an injection therapy of clinically diseased pigs with long-acting oxytetracycline (Terramycine (R) LA) at 20 mg/kg body-weight were compared. Both groups, totalling 147 pigs, were compared during a medication period of 15 days and a post-medication period of 11 days by means of different clinical and performance parameters. During the medication period, the tilmicosin group showed a significant advantage with respect to the number of new disease cases (P {\textlangle} 0.01), and a nonsignificant advantage regarding the number of removed pigs (P = 0.16), the number of sick pigs that recovered (P = 0.27) and the time to recovery (P = 0.42). During the post-medication period, the pigs of the tilmicosin group showed numerical non-significant benefits (P {\textrangle} 0.05) with respect to the clinical parameters. During the overall study period (26 days), the average daily gain and the feed conversion ratio were both significantly (P {\textlangle} 0.01) better in pigs from the tilmicosin group compared with pigs from the oxytetracycline group. This study demonstrated that in-feed medication of tilmicosin at a dosage of 400 mg/kg is efficacious for the treatment of a clinical respiratory disease outbreak of A. pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs. Compared with oxytetracycline injection of clinically diseased pigs, the tilmicosin treatment is particularly, beneficial in the prevention of new disease cases while increasing or maintaining the performance the pigs.},
  author       = {Hoflack, Geert and Maes, B and Mateusen, M and Verdonck, A and de Kruif, Aart},
  issn         = {0931-1793},
  journal      = {JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES B-INFECTIOUS DISEASES AND VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH},
  keyword      = {PORCINE PLEUROPNEUMONIA,ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES,PASTEURELLA-MULTOCIDA,SWINE,SUSCEPTIBILITY,DISEASE,EL-870},
  language     = {eng},
  number       = {9},
  pages        = {655--664},
  title        = {Efficacy of tilmicosin phosphate (Pulmotil((R)) premix) in feed for the treatment of a clinical outbreak of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection in growing-finishing pigs},
  url          = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439-0450.2001.00492.x},
  volume       = {48},
  year         = {2001},
}

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