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An empirical investigation of the relationships between ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, political preference and need for closure

(2001) JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS. 32(4). p.347-361
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Abstract
An analysis is presented of the relationships between consumers' ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, Machiavellianism, political preference and the individual difference variable "need for closure". It is based on a representative survey of 286 Belgian respondents. Standard measurement tools of proven reliability and robustness are used to measure ethical beliefs (consumer ethics scale), ethical ideology (ethical positioning), Machiavellianism (Mach IV scale) and need for closure. The analysis finds the following. First, individuals with a high need for closure tend to have beliefs that are more ethical as regards possible consumer actions, and score higher on idealism and lower on Machiavellianism, than those with a low need for closure. Second, a correlation exists between political preference and ethical beliefs. Third, a significant relationship exists between ethical ideology and political preference for the two largest political parties. Fourth, individuals with a high and low need for closure have different political preferences for right-wing and left-wing parties.
Keywords
INFORMATION, consumer ethics, DETERMINANTS, MACHIAVELLIANISM, VALUES, FINAL CONSUMER, PERSONALITY-TRAITS, CONSUMER ETHICS, idealism, Machiavellianism, need for closure, relativism, political preference, ethical position, ethical ideology, ethical beliefs

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Citation

Please use this url to cite or link to this publication:

MLA
Van Kenhove, Patrick, Iris Vermeir, and Steven Verniers. “An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Ethical Beliefs, Ethical Ideology, Political Preference and Need for Closure.” JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS 32.4 (2001): 347–361. Print.
APA
Van Kenhove, P., Vermeir, I., & Verniers, S. (2001). An empirical investigation of the relationships between ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, political preference and need for closure. JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS, 32(4), 347–361.
Chicago author-date
Van Kenhove, Patrick, Iris Vermeir, and Steven Verniers. 2001. “An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Ethical Beliefs, Ethical Ideology, Political Preference and Need for Closure.” Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4): 347–361.
Chicago author-date (all authors)
Van Kenhove, Patrick, Iris Vermeir, and Steven Verniers. 2001. “An Empirical Investigation of the Relationships Between Ethical Beliefs, Ethical Ideology, Political Preference and Need for Closure.” Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4): 347–361.
Vancouver
1.
Van Kenhove P, Vermeir I, Verniers S. An empirical investigation of the relationships between ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, political preference and need for closure. JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS. 2001;32(4):347–61.
IEEE
[1]
P. Van Kenhove, I. Vermeir, and S. Verniers, “An empirical investigation of the relationships between ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, political preference and need for closure,” JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 347–361, 2001.
@article{145493,
  abstract     = {{An analysis is presented of the relationships between consumers' ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, Machiavellianism, political preference and the individual difference variable "need for closure". It is based on a representative survey of 286 Belgian respondents. Standard measurement tools of proven reliability and robustness are used to measure ethical beliefs (consumer ethics scale), ethical ideology (ethical positioning), Machiavellianism (Mach IV scale) and need for closure. The analysis finds the following. First, individuals with a high need for closure tend to have beliefs that are more ethical as regards possible consumer actions, and score higher on idealism and lower on Machiavellianism, than those with a low need for closure. Second, a correlation exists between political preference and ethical beliefs. Third, a significant relationship exists between ethical ideology and political preference for the two largest political parties. Fourth, individuals with a high and low need for closure have different political preferences for right-wing and left-wing parties.}},
  author       = {{Van Kenhove, Patrick and Vermeir, Iris and Verniers, Steven}},
  issn         = {{0167-4544}},
  journal      = {{JOURNAL OF BUSINESS ETHICS}},
  keywords     = {{INFORMATION,consumer ethics,DETERMINANTS,MACHIAVELLIANISM,VALUES,FINAL CONSUMER,PERSONALITY-TRAITS,CONSUMER ETHICS,idealism,Machiavellianism,need for closure,relativism,political preference,ethical position,ethical ideology,ethical beliefs}},
  language     = {{eng}},
  number       = {{4}},
  pages        = {{347--361}},
  title        = {{An empirical investigation of the relationships between ethical beliefs, ethical ideology, political preference and need for closure}},
  url          = {{http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1010720908680}},
  volume       = {{32}},
  year         = {{2001}},
}

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